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Census - US Federal 1860

  • Conflict:   Civil War
  • Records:   27,122,679
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Census - US Federal 1860

Overview Description

Browse the 1860 US census by state, county, and civil division. This particular census is especially helpful in researching the Civil War era and the soldiers who fought in the imminent conflict. Information about each member of a household as of June 1, 1860, includes age, race, occupation, real and personal estate values, birth place, if married within the year, and if a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Relationships are not detailed until the 1880 census.

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Pictures & Records

Abraham Lincoln and His Family Emily Dickinson in the 1860 Census Sample Sample


Publication Title:
Census - US Federal 1860
Content Source:
The National Archives logo The National Archives
Publication Number:
Record Group:
Published on Fold3:
Last Update:
September 16, 2008
NARA M653. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedules.


The National Archives describes the population schedules for the 1860 census:

This series consists of the original manuscript census schedules for the 1860 population census taken on June 1, 1860.  The following information is generally recorded: dwelling house number (numbered in order of visitation); family number (numbered in order of visitation); name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June 1860 was in the family; description (age, sex, color - white, black or mulatto,  and profession, occupation or trade of each person over 15 years of age); value of real estate owned (value of real estate, and value of personal estate); place of birth (state, territory, or country of birth); married within the year; attended school within the year; persons over 20 years of age who cannot read or write; and whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, or convict.