US Civil War


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On April 12, 1861, Southern secessionists attacked Fort Sumter and the Civil War began. By June 8, 1861 eleven Southern states had seceded to form the Confederate States of America and fought to protect the institution of slavery and retain states’ rights against the federal government. Although the Confederacy initially saw victories at Bull Run and Fredericksburg, the Union eventually defeated them at Gettysburg and Vicksburg and began a steady advance on Southern strongholds. The Union then launched a relentless campaign against the Confederacy beginning with the Battle of the Wilderness. On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to the Union at Appomattox Courthouse. During the four-year war, the Confederacy suffered more than 290,000 deaths and an estimated 135,000 additional causalities.

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Source Information

Fold3, US Civil War (/collection/us-civil-war-confederate : accessed February 28, 2021), database and images,

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