War of 1812

(United States)

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In the early 1800s, the British navy faced a shortage of seaman due to losses in the Napoleonic Wars and began recruiting American sailors by force in a practice called impressment. In addition, Great Britain began restricting US trade with France. The US decided enough was enough, and on June 18, 1812, Congress declared war on Great Britain. Severely outnumbered, the US suffered a series of costly defeats including the attack on Washington and the burning of the White House in 1814. Nevertheless, the US was able to withstand British advances in the Northwest Territory and Florida bolstering confidence and pride in the young nation. By 1814, the war had become a stalemate and both war-weary nations agreed to sign the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814. It took several weeks to be ratified by both the British Parliament and US Congress and thus skirmishes and battles continued for several months. On February 16, 1815 the treaty was ratified, bringing an end to the war.

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Source Information

Fold3, War of 1812 (/collection/war-of-1812 : accessed January 24, 2021), database and images,

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