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Alabama 16th Infantry (Confederate)

8/1/61

Organized - Alabama 16th Infantry - Alabama

1/19/62

Battle - Mill Springs - Pulaski County, Kentucky; Wayne County, Kentucky

Mill Springs
Mill Springs

Early in the war, the Lincoln administration knew well the importance of keeping the border state of Kentucky in the Union. Any Rebel armies operating successfully there could encourage secessionist sympathies. In late 1861, a Confederate force of around 6,000 men under Brig. Gen. Felix Zollicoffer encamped for the winter near Mill Springs, on the Cumberland River in the southeast corner of the state just north of the Tennessee border and close to the strategic Cumberland Gap. A Union force under Brig. Gen…READ MORE

4/6/62

Leadership Change - Regiment - Lieutenant Colonel John W. Harris

Lieutenant ColonelJohn W. Harris

4/6/62

Leadership Change - Brigades - Brigadier General Sterling A. M. Wood

Brigadier GeneralSterling A. M. Wood

4/6/62

Battle - Shiloh - Hardin County, Tennessee

Shiloh
Shiloh

On the morning of April 6, 1862, 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston poured out of the nearby woods and struck the encamped divisions of Union soldiers occupying ground near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River.READ MORE

10/8/62

Leadership Change - Regiment - Colonel William Basis Wood

10/8/62

Leadership Change - Brigade - undefined 3rd Georgia Cavalry : Cpt Reuben L. Hill, Brigadier General Sterling Alexander Martin Wood, and undefined Escort:

10/8/62

Leadership Change - Brigade - Brigadier General Sterling Alexander Martin Wood

10/8/62

Battle - Perryville - Perryville, Kentucky

Perryville
Perryville

On October 7, 1862, Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio, in pursuit of Gen Braxton Bragg's Army of Mississippi, approached the crossroads town of Perryville, Kentucky. Union forces skirmished with Confederates on the Springfield Pike before heavy fighting began on Peters Hill. The next day, fighting continued as a Union division advanced up the pike. After noon, a Confederate division struck the Union left flank and forced it to fall back. When more Confederates joined the fray, the Union line ma…READ MORE

12/31/62

Leadership Change - Regiment - Colonel William B. Wood

12/31/62

Leadership Change - Brigade - Brigadier General Sterling A. M. Wood

Brigadier GeneralSterling A. M. Wood

12/31/62

Leadership Change - Regiment - Colonel William B. Wood

12/31/62

Battle - Stones River - Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Stones River
Stones River

After his October 1862 defeat at Perryville in Kentucky, Gen. Braxton Bragg withdrew his army into middle Tennessee and resupplied his men near Murfreesboro.READ MORE

9/19/63

Leadership Change - Regiment - Captain Frederick A. Ashford, and Major John H. McGaughy

9/19/63

Battle - Chickamauga - Catoosa County, Georgia; Walker County, Georgia

Chickamauga
Chickamauga

After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederate army out of Chattanooga. Through a series of skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg out of Chattanooga and into Georgia. Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg followed the Federals north, brushing with Rosecrans' army at Davis' Cross Roads. While they marched on September 18th, his cavalry and infantry skirmished with Un…READ MORE

7/20/64

Leadership Change - Regiment - Colonel Frederick A. Ashford

7/20/64

Leadership Change - Brigade - Brigadier General Mark P. Lowrey

Brigadier GeneralMark P. Lowrey

7/20/64

Battle - Peachtree Creek - Fulton County, Georgia

Peachtree Creek
Peachtree Creek

Weary of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's pattern of retreat through northwest Georgia in the face of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancing armies, President Jefferson Davis removed him from command of the Army of Tennessee, replacing him with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood. On July 20th, Hood determined to take the fight to the enemy by setting upon an isolated portion of Sherman's forces in front of Atlanta. Hood's target would be the Union corps of Maj. Gens. Oliver O. Howard and Joseph Hooker from Maj. Gen. Geo…READ MORE

7/22/64

Leadership Change - Regiment - Lieutenant Colonel Frederick A. Ashford

Lieutenant ColonelFrederick A. Ashford

7/22/64

Battle - Atlanta - Fulton County, Georgia; DeKalb County, Georgia

Atlanta
Atlanta

Despite the defeat at Peach Tree Creek, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood still had hopes of driving Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Yankees from the outskirts of Atlanta with an offensive blow. On the night of July 21, 1864, Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make 15-mile night march and assault the Union left flank east of the city, held by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee. Joining the attack with Hardee would be the corps of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Cheatham. Hood attac…READ MORE

8/31/64

Leadership Change - Brigade - Colonel John Weir

ColonelJohn Weir

8/31/64

Battle - Jonesborough - Clayton County, Georgia

Jonesborough
Jonesborough

By late August 1865, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. A few supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids inflicted only superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could destroy the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads to the south the Rebel army would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25, Union infantry beg…READ MORE

11/29/64

Battle - Spring Hill - Maury County, Tennessee

Spring Hill
Spring Hill

On the night of November 28, 1864, Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee marched toward Spring Hill to get astride Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield's Union army's supply line. Hood was pursuing Schofield as the Yankees withdrew north from Columbia towards Nashville. Cavalry skirmishing between Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson's Union cavalry and Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederate troopers continued throughout the day as the Confederates advanced. On November 29th, Hood's infantry crossed the Duck…READ MORE

11/30/64

Leadership Change - Regiment - Colonel Frederick A. Ashford

11/30/64

Leadership Change - Brigade - Brigadier General Mark P. Lowrey

Brigadier GeneralMark P. Lowrey

11/30/64

Leadership Change - Regiment - Colonel Frederick A. Ashford

11/30/64

Leadership Change - Division - Major General Patrick Cleburne

Major GeneralPatrick Cleburne

11/30/64

Battle - Franklin (1864) - Franklin, Tennessee

Franklin (1864)
Franklin (1864)

After allowing Maj. Gen. John Schofield's Army of the Ohio to pass him near Spring Hill, Tennessee, the previous morning, Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood led his 30,000-man Army of Tennessee to the outskirts of Franklin on November 30th. Schofield's army had constructed a strong defensive line south of the town. Hood took a position two miles south of Schofield, with open, rolling farm land between them, and prepared to attack. At 4:00 p.m., over 20,000 Confederates moved forward east and west of the Columbia Pike…READ MORE

4/8/65

Mustered Out - Alabama 16th Infantry - Alabama

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