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Illinois 77th Infantry (Union)

9/3/62

Organized - Illinois 77th Infantry - Illinois

12/26/62

Battle - Chickasaw Bayou - Warren County, Mississippi

1/9/63

Leadership Change - Division - Brigadier General Andrew Jackson Smith

Brigadier GeneralAndrew Jackson Smith

1/9/63

Battle - Arkansas Post - Arkansas Post, Arkansas

Arkansas Post
Arkansas Post

The Battle of Arkansas Post, also known as the Battle of Fort Hindman, was a combined land-river assault by Union forces on the Confederate Fort Hindman, which loomed over a bend in the Arkansas River near the town of Arkansas Post. As the Union advance down the Mississippi River passed the mouth of the Arkansas, the presence of Fort Hindman outflanked the Federal forward positions.READ MORE

5/1/63

Battle - Port Gibson - Claiborne County, Mississippi

Port Gibson
Port Gibson

On April 30, 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army crossed the Mississippi River at Bruinsburg, 30 miles south of his objective of Vicksburg. Grant hoped to move east toward the capital at Jackson to block the Confederate army there under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston from reinforcing Vicksburg. Port Gibson, ten miles east of Bruinsburg on the Bayou Pierre River, commanded the best approach routes and was the first Federal objective. A Confederate force there was commanded by Maj. Gen. John S. Bowen. Grant's A…READ MORE

5/16/63

Leadership Change - Division - Brigadier General Andrew J. Smith

Brigadier GeneralAndrew J. Smith

5/16/63

Battle - Champion Hill - Hinds County, Mississippi

Champion Hill
Champion Hill

The Battle of Champion Hill was the largest and bloodiest action of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign.READ MORE

5/18/63

Battle - Vicksburg - Vicksburg, Mississippi

Vicksburg
Vicksburg

In mid-May, 1863, after six months of unsuccessful attempts, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee finally converged on Vicksburg, defended by a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton. Capture of the Mississippi River town was critical to Union control of the strategic river. Vicksburg was located on a high river bluff defended with artillery, and Pemberton's men had constructed a series of fortifications in an 8-mile arc surrounding the city on the landward side. After crossing the…READ MORE

4/8/64

Battle - Mansfield - DeSoto Parish, Louisiana

Mansfield
Mansfield

The Red River Campaign of 1864 was one General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant's initiatives to apply simultaneous pressure on Confederate armies along five separate fronts from Louisiana to Virginia. In addition to defeating the defending Confederate army, the campaign sought to confiscate cotton stores from plantations along the river and to give support to pro-Union governments in Louisiana. By early April, Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks' Union army was about 150 miles up the Red River threatening Shreveport. C…READ MORE

8/2/64

Leadership Change - Regiment - undefined Colonel David P. Grier

8/2/64

Leadership Change - Brigade - undefined Colonel George W. Clark

8/2/64

Leadership Change - Division - undefined Major General Gordon Granger

8/2/64

Battle - Mobile Bay - Mobile Bay, Alabama

Mobile Bay
Mobile Bay

In the late summer of 1864, a Union combined Army-Navy force began operations to close Mobile Bay to blockade-running vessels from the port city of Mobile, Alabama. On August 3, infantry and cavalrymen under Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger landed on Dauphin Island and laid siege to Fort Gaines west of the main ship channel. Two days later, Rear Admiral David G. Farragut's fleet of eighteen ships, including four ironclad monitors, entered Mobile Bay and received devastating fire from both Fort Gaines and Fort Morg…READ MORE

7/10/65

Mustered Out - Illinois 77th Infantry - Illinois

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