World War II



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Canada joined World War II shortly after Germany invaded Poland. Initially they saw limited action at Hong Kong and Dieppe before joining the Allied Italian Campaign. Canadian forces helped capture Sicily and advance through mainland Italy, contributing to key victories in the Liri Valley and the Adriatic sector. They then participated in the amphibious invasion of Normandy and the subsequent Battle of the Bulge. The Canadian Royal Navy also played a key role in protecting Allied ships in the Atlantic, fighting German U-boats and allowing safe passage. The Allies received the German surrender on May 7, 1945, and the Japanese surrender on September 2. More than one million Canadians and Newfoundlanders served in WWII, and 45,000 lost their lives.

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Source Information

Fold3, World War II (/collection/world-war-ii-canada : accessed October 25, 2020), database and images,

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