Pennsylvania 20th Cavalry (Union)

    01 Feb 1864

    Pennsylvania 20th Cavalry organized at Pennsylvania.

    15 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of New Market at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

    The Battle of New Market
    The Battle of New Market

    In conjunction with other spring 1864 offensives against strategic points in the Confederacy, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel to move up the Shenandoah Valley along the Valley Turnpike to destroy the railroad and canal complex at Lynchburg. Union control of the strategic and agriculturally rich valley was a crucial part of Grant's plans. Receiving word that the Union Army had entered the valley, Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge pulled together all available troops to repulse the invad… Read More

    05 Jun 1864

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    05 Jun 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    05 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Piedmont at Augusta County, Virginia.

    17 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Lynchburg at Lynchburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Lynchburg
    The Battle of Lynchburg

    The Union threat forced Robert E. Lee to dispatch General Jubal Early with his Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia to defend Lynchburg. On June 17 and 18, the opposing forces clashed, resulting in a Union retreat all the way into West Virginia, leaving the Valley open for another Confederate advance into the North. Read More

    25 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Fort Stedman at Petersburg, VA.

    The Battle of Fort Stedman
    The Battle of Fort Stedman

    By March of 1865, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's grip on the Confederate lines around Petersburg was having its desired effect. Outnumbered and weakened by disease, desertion and shortage of food and supplies, Gen. Robert E. Lee had few options. After careful study of the Union troops in his sector of the line, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon suggested to Lee the possibility of a successful offensive strike against Grant. In front of Gordon's men, Union-held Fort Stedman seemed the best target for a Confederate a… Read More

    31 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

    01 Apr 1865

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    01 Apr 1865

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    01 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Five Forks at Five Forks, Virginia.

    The Battle of Five Forks
    The Battle of Five Forks

    The Union victory along the White Oak Road on March 31st threatened to destabilize the entire Confederate line west of Petersburg. General Robert E. Lee ordered Maj. Gen. George Pickett with his infantry division and the cavalry divisions of Col. Thomas Munford, Maj. Gen. W.H.F. Lee, and Maj. Gen Thomas Rosser to hold the vital crossroads of Five Forks, along the White Oak Road five miles west of the previous fighting there. Pickett's defensive line was not well constructed, and much of his cavalry force w… Read More

    02 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Third Petersburg at Dinwiddie County, Virginia; Petersburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Third Petersburg
    The Battle of Third Petersburg

    With the Confederate defeat at Five Forks on April 1st, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George Meade ordered a general assault against the Petersburg lines by the Second, Ninth, Sixth and Twenty-Fourth Corps to take place April 2nd. In the pre-dawn darkness, the Union infantry gained a successful breakthrough where Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright's advancing Sixth Corps met the Confederate lines held by Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill near the Boydton Plank Road. Hill was killed trying to reach his troops in t… Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House
    The Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

    17 Jun 1865

    Pennsylvania 20th Cavalry mustered out at Pennsylvania.