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Ohio 116th Volunteer Infantry (Union)

01 Sep 1862

Ohio 116th Volunteer Infantry organized.

13 Jun 1863

Participated in the Battle of Second Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester County, Virginia.

15 May 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel James Washburn.

15 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of New Market at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

The Battle of New Market
The Battle of New Market

In conjunction with other spring 1864 offensives against strategic points in the Confederacy, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel to move up the Shenandoah Valley along the Valley Turnpike to destroy the railroad and canal complex at Lynchburg. Union control of the strategic and agriculturally rich valley was a crucial part of Grant's plans. Receiving word that the Union Army had entered the valley, Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge pulled together all available troops to repulse the invad… Read More

05 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Piedmont at Augusta County, Virginia.

17 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Lynchburg at Lynchburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Lynchburg
The Battle of Lynchburg

The Union threat forced Robert E. Lee to dispatch General Jubal Early with his Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia to defend Lynchburg. On June 17 and 18, the opposing forces clashed, resulting in a Union retreat all the way into West Virginia, leaving the Valley open for another Confederate advance into the North. Read More

09 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Monocacy at Frederick County, Maryland.

The Battle of Monocacy
The Battle of Monocacy

After marching north down the Shenandoah Valley from Lynchburg, the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early side-stepped the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry and crossed the Potomac River at Shepherdstown into Maryland on July 5-6th, 1864. On July 9th, a makeshift Union force under Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace attempted to stop Early’s invading Confederate divisions along the Monocacy River, just east of Frederick. The strategic area was near the junction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the Georgetown… Read More

18 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cool Spring at Clarke County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cool Spring
The Battle of Cool Spring

A Union column under Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright, consisting of the Sixth Corps and elements of the Nineteenth Corps, pursued Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s army as it withdrew from the environs of Washington, D.C. in the summer of 1864. Early had moved down the Shenandoah Valley, beat a Union force at Monocacy, Maryland and threatened the capital with an attack on Fort Stevens. Wright’s force was joined by elements of Gen. George R. Crook’s command, which had accompanied Gen. David Hunter during his retreat through… Read More

24 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Second Kernstown at Frederick County, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Kernstown
The Battle of Second Kernstown

As the forces under Maj. Gen. Jubal Early withdrew south after the battle at Cool Spring, and believing that Early’s army was no longer a threat in the Shenandoah Valley, Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright abandoned his pursuit and ordered the Sixth and Nineteenth Corps to return to Washington, where they were to be sent back to the Union army before Petersburg. Wright left Brig. Gen. George Crook with three divisions and some cavalry to hold Winchester. Under Lee's orders to prevent reinforcements from being sent t… Read More

21 Aug 1864

Participated in the Battle of Summit Point at Summit Point, West Virginia.

The Battle of Summit Point
The Battle of Summit Point

In August 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan took command of all Union forces in the valley, designated the Army of the Shenandoah. As Sheridan concentrated his forces near Charles Town, West Virginia at the north end of the valley, Early and Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson attacked the Federals with two converging columns on August 21st. Early moved east via Smithfield against the Union Sixth Corps with Gen. Robert E. Rodes’s infantry division at Cameron's Depot on the Winchester and Potomac Railroad, while Ander… Read More

03 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Berryville at Clarke County, Virginia.

19 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Third Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester, Virginia.

The Battle of Third Winchester
The Battle of Third Winchester

To clear the Shenandoah River valley of Confederates, Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan moved on Winchester in mid-September 1864. Sheridan’s force of over 39,000 men was more than twice the size of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army defending the valley. After Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw’s division left Winchester to rejoin Robert E. Lee’s army at Petersburg, Early renewed his raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg in the lower valley, dispersing his four remaining infantry divisions. On Septem… Read More

21 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fisher's Hill at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

The Battle of Fisher's Hill
The Battle of Fisher's Hill

Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley, bloodied by its defeat at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19th, retreated 20 miles up the valley and took a defensive position in an east-west line across Fisher’s Hill, southwest of Strasburg.  Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah, in accordance with Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's orders, aggressively pursued Early.  Sheridan, outnumbering Early about three to one, noted that the right of the Confederate line was… Read More

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain John Hull, and Captain Wilbert B. Teters.

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Wilbert B. Teters.

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Colonel Joseph Thoburn.

19 Oct 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cedar Creek
The Battle of Cedar Creek

Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

02 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Third Petersburg at Dinwiddie County, Virginia; Petersburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Third Petersburg
The Battle of Third Petersburg

With the Confederate defeat at Five Forks on April 1st, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George Meade ordered a general assault against the Petersburg lines by the Second, Ninth, Sixth and Twenty-Fourth Corps to take place April 2nd. In the pre-dawn darkness, the Union infantry gained a successful breakthrough where Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright's advancing Sixth Corps met the Confederate lines held by Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill near the Boydton Plank Road. Hill was killed trying to reach his troops in t… Read More

06 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of High Bridge at Prince Edward County, Virginia; Cumberland County, Virginia.

The Battle of High Bridge
The Battle of High Bridge

Harried mercilessly by Federal troops and continually cut off from turning south to reach Gen. Joseph Johnston's army in North Carolina, General Robert E. Lee and his army headed west along the Appomattox River, eventually arriving in Cumberland County on April 6th. Food and supplies that Lee's men desperately needed were waiting at Farmville, across the river. To get there, Lee needed to use the 2,500-foot long, 130-foot tall High Bridge, which carried the South Side Railroad over the Appomattox.  A… Read More

09 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

The Battle of Appomattox Court House
The Battle of Appomattox Court House

Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

14 Jun 1865

Ohio 116th Volunteer Infantry mustered out.