Massachusetts 40th Volunteer Infantry (Union)
11 Apr 1863
Participated in the Siege of Suffolk at Suffolk, Virginia.
17 Aug 1863
Participated in the Battle of Second Charleston Harbor at Charleston, South Carolina.
20 Feb 1864
Assigned to the Regiment led by .
20 Feb 1864
Assigned to the Brigade led by .
20 Feb 1864
Participated in the Battle of Olustee at Baker County, Florida.
In February 1864, the commander of the Union Department of the South, Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, launched an expedition into Florida to secure Union enclaves, sever Rebel supply routes, and recruit black soldiers. Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour moved his 5,500-man force from Jacksonville deep into the state, meeting little resistance. On February 20th, as he advanced toward Lake City, he approached Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan's 5,000 Confederates entrenched in an open pine woods near Olustee. Finegan send forw…
12 May 1864
Participated in the Battle of Proctor's Creek at Chesterfield County, Virginia.
31 May 1864
Assigned to the Division led by .
31 May 1864
Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.
After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving…
15 Jun 1864
Participated in the Battle of Second Petersburg at Petersburg, Virginia.
As the Overland Campaign concluded, the strategic goals of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted from the defeat of Robert E. Lee's army in the field to eliminating the supply and communication routes to the Confederate capital at Richmond. The city of Petersburg, 24 miles south of Richmond, was the junction point of five railroads that supplied the entire upper James River region. Grant knew Petersburg was the key to the capture of Richmond and that Lee would be forced to defend it. Marching south from Co…
21 Jun 1864
Participated in the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road at Petersburg, Virginia.
30 Jul 1864
Participated in the Battle of Crater at Petersburg, VA.
Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides had settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Part of the Union line was held by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps. Some of Burnside'…
18 Aug 1864
Participated in the Battle of Globe Tavern at Petersburg, Virginia.
19 Oct 1864
Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.
Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove
09 Apr 1865
Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.
Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled.
30 Jun 1865
Massachusetts 40th Volunteer Infantry mustered out at Massachusetts.