Massachusetts 40th Volunteer Infantry (Union)

    11 Apr 1863

    Participated in the Siege of Suffolk at Suffolk, Virginia.

    17 Aug 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Second Charleston Harbor at Charleston, South Carolina.

    20 Feb 1864

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    20 Feb 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    20 Feb 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Olustee at Baker County, Florida.

    The Battle of Olustee
    The Battle of Olustee

    In February 1864, the commander of the Union Department of the South, Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, launched an expedition into Florida to secure Union enclaves, sever Rebel supply routes, and recruit black soldiers. Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour moved his 5,500-man force from Jacksonville deep into the state, meeting little resistance. On February 20th, as he advanced toward Lake City, he approached Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan's 5,000 Confederates entrenched in an open pine woods near Olustee. Finegan send forw… Read More

    12 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Proctor's Creek at Chesterfield County, Virginia.

    31 May 1864

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    31 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

    The Battle of Cold Harbor
    The Battle of Cold Harbor

    After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

    15 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Second Petersburg at Petersburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Petersburg
    The Battle of Second Petersburg

    As the Overland Campaign concluded, the strategic goals of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted from the defeat of Robert E. Lee's army in the field to eliminating the supply and communication routes to the Confederate capital at Richmond. The city of Petersburg, 24 miles south of Richmond, was the junction point of five railroads that supplied the entire upper James River region. Grant knew Petersburg was the key to the capture of Richmond and that Lee would be forced to defend it. Marching south from Co… Read More

    21 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road at Petersburg, Virginia.

    30 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Crater at Petersburg, VA.

    The Battle of Crater
    The Battle of Crater

    Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides had settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Part of the Union line was held by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps. Some of Burnside'… Read More

    18 Aug 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Globe Tavern at Petersburg, Virginia.

    19 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Cedar Creek
    The Battle of Cedar Creek

    Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House
    The Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

    30 Jun 1865

    Massachusetts 40th Volunteer Infantry mustered out at Massachusetts.