Ohio 74th Volunteer Infantry (Union)

    05 Oct 1861

    Ohio 74th Volunteer Infantry organized at Ohio.

    31 Dec 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    31 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Stones River at Murfreesboro, TN.

    The Battle of Stones River
    The Battle of Stones River

    After his October 1862 defeat at Perryville in Kentucky, Gen. Braxton Bragg withdrew his army into middle Tennessee and resupplied his men near Murfreesboro. Read More

    19 Sep 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chickamauga at Catoosa County, Georgia; Walker County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Chickamauga
    The Battle of Chickamauga

    After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederate army out of Chattanooga. Through a series of skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg out of Chattanooga and into Georgia. Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg followed the Federals north, brushing with Rosecrans' army at Davis' Cross Roads. While they marched on September 18th, his cavalry and infantry skirmished with Un… Read More

    23 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chattanooga Campaign at Chattanooga, TN.

    The Battle of Chattanooga Campaign
    The Battle of Chattanooga Campaign

    After taking charge of the Union's western armies in October of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant focused on lifting the Confederate siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee, which had been in place since the Battle of Chickamauga in September. Grant opened the 'Cracker Line' across the Tennessee River to bring supplies to the beleaguered Army of the Cumberland inside the city, and, in mid-November, brought Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Army of the Tennessee into the city as well. The Confederates under Maj. Gen.… Read More

    25 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Missionary Ridge at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Missionary Ridge
    The Battle of Missionary Ridge

    From the last days of September through October 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg's army laid siege to the Union army under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans at Chattanooga, cutting off its supplies. On October 17, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant received command of the Western armies; he moved to reinforce Chattanooga and replaced Rosecrans with Maj. Gen. George Thomas. A new supply line was soon established. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman arrived with his four divisions in mid-November, and the Federals began offensive operat… Read More

    07 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Rocky Face Ridge at Whitfield County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Rocky Face Ridge
    The Battle of Rocky Face Ridge

    During early May 1864, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman would successfully outmaneuver the army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in multiple battles in northwest Georgia. Each time, Johnston would fall back to a new defensive position closer to the strategic Confederate city of Atlanta. By May 7th, Johnston had entrenched his army on the long, high mountain of Rocky Face Ridge and eastward across Crow Valley. As Sherman approached, he decided to demonstrate against the position with two columns to the north while he… Read More

    13 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Resaca at Gordon County, Georgia; Whitfield County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Resaca
    The Battle of Resaca

    Following his withdrawal from Rocky Face Ridge, the first battle in Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's campaign against Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston established a four-mile defensive position protecting the Western & Atlantic Railroad west and north of Resaca, where the railroad crossed the Oostanaula River. On May 13th, Sherman tested the Rebel lines, sending forward divisions to skirmish with the Confederates, with little substantive result. On the 14th, the fighting erupted into a full-… Read More

    27 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain at Cobb County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
    The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

    Fearing envelopment northwest of Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston withdrew his army to a new defensive position astride Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta. Johnston selected this position in order to protect the Western & Atlantic Railroad, his supply link to Atlanta. Prior to taking up this new line on June 19th, Johnston had pioneers working through the night digging trenches and erecting fortifications, turning Kennesaw into a formidable earthen fortress. Having defeated Lieut. Gen. John… Read More

    20 Jul 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    20 Jul 1864

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    20 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Peachtree Creek at Fulton County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Peachtree Creek
    The Battle of Peachtree Creek

    Weary of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's pattern of retreat through northwest Georgia in the face of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancing armies, President Jefferson Davis removed him from command of the Army of Tennessee, replacing him with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood. On July 20th, Hood determined to take the fight to the enemy by setting upon an isolated portion of Sherman's forces in front of Atlanta. Hood's target would be the Union corps of Maj. Gens. Oliver O. Howard and Joseph Hooker from Maj. Gen. Geo… Read More

    22 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Atlanta at Fulton County, Georgia; DeKalb County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Atlanta
    The Battle of Atlanta

    Despite the defeat at Peach Tree Creek, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood still had hopes of driving Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Yankees from the outskirts of Atlanta with an offensive blow. On the night of July 21, 1864, Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make 15-mile night march and assault the Union left flank east of the city, held by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee. Joining the attack with Hardee would be the corps of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Cheatham. Hood attac… Read More

    31 Aug 1864

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    31 Aug 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Jonesborough at Clayton County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Jonesborough
    The Battle of Jonesborough

    By late August 1865, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. A few supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids inflicted only superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could destroy the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads to the south the Rebel army would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25, Union infantry beg… Read More

    19 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Bentonville at Bentonville, NC.

    The Battle of Bentonville
    The Battle of Bentonville

    After his march to the sea, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman headed north in early 1865 to unite with Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army in Virginia. Only Confederate Gen. Joseph Johnston's army stood between Sherman and Grant. After briefly blocking Sherman's advance at Averasboro, North Carolina on March 16, Johnston struck Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum's wing of Sherman's army near Bentonville on March 19. The Confederates ran into stiff resistance, as Slocum established a defensive position. Johnston's assaults con… Read More

    11 Jul 1865

    Ohio 74th Volunteer Infantry mustered out at Ohio.