New York 86th Infantry (Union)

    20 Nov 1861

    New York 86th Infantry organized at New York.

    28 Aug 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Bull Run
    The Battle of Second Bull Run

    After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

    13 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg

    In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    30 Apr 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Battle of Chancellorsville

    On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

    09 Jun 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    09 Jun 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    09 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Brandy Station at Culpepper County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Brandy Station
    The Battle of Brandy Station

    > *As we emerged from the woods into an open space or field where our mounted skirmishers were deployed, it was clearly discovered that our troops were confronted with a heavy line of infantry, who, with weapons of a longer range than that of our carbines, were dismounting our men at a fearful rate, whilst they were unable to inflict any punishment upon the enemy. As Colonel Devin approached the skirmish line, he at once became the target for the Rebel sharp shooters and, the way the minnie balls were whiz… Read More

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

    27 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Mine Run
    The Battle of Mine Run

    After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River. On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the Orange… Read More

    05 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Wilderness
    The Battle of Wilderness

    The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

    08 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

    23 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of North Anna at Caroline County, Virginia; Hanover County, Virginia.

    The Battle of North Anna
    The Battle of North Anna

    Following the stalemate at Spotsylvania Court House, Grant was determined to continue his offensive against Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. After a failed attempt to bait Lee out of his earthworks, he found the Confederates entrenched on the south side of the North Anna River, where Lee's "inverted V" defenses forced Grant to divide his army into three parts in order to attack. On May 23rd, one of Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill's divisions assaulted the isolated Fifth Corps on the Union right which had crossed the r… Read More

    31 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

    The Battle of Cold Harbor
    The Battle of Cold Harbor

    After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

    15 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Second Petersburg at Petersburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Petersburg
    The Battle of Second Petersburg

    As the Overland Campaign concluded, the strategic goals of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted from the defeat of Robert E. Lee's army in the field to eliminating the supply and communication routes to the Confederate capital at Richmond. The city of Petersburg, 24 miles south of Richmond, was the junction point of five railroads that supplied the entire upper James River region. Grant knew Petersburg was the key to the capture of Richmond and that Lee would be forced to defend it. Marching south from Co… Read More

    21 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road at Petersburg, Virginia.

    27 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of First Deep Bottom at Henrico County, Virginia.

    The Battle of First Deep Bottom
    The Battle of First Deep Bottom

    Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a large frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Determined to break the stalemate, Grant agreed to plans to blow up part of the Confederate def… Read More

    27 Oct 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    27 Oct 1864

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    27 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Boydton Plank Road at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

    05 Feb 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Hatcher's Run at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Hatcher's Run
    The Battle of Hatcher's Run

    By February 1865, the stalemate around Petersburg had entered its eighth month. Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant began to stretch the Union battle lines to the west in an attempt to get Gen. Robert E. Lee's under strength army to do the same. On February 5th, Union Brig. Gen. David Gregg's cavalry division rode out to the Boydton Plank Road via Reams Station and Dinwiddie Court House in an attempt to intercept Confederate supply trains. Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren with the Fifth Corps crossed Hatcher's Run… Read More

    25 Mar 1865

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    25 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Fort Stedman at Petersburg, VA.

    The Battle of Fort Stedman
    The Battle of Fort Stedman

    By March of 1865, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's grip on the Confederate lines around Petersburg was having its desired effect. Outnumbered and weakened by disease, desertion and shortage of food and supplies, Gen. Robert E. Lee had few options. After careful study of the Union troops in his sector of the line, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon suggested to Lee the possibility of a successful offensive strike against Grant. In front of Gordon's men, Union-held Fort Stedman seemed the best target for a Confederate a… Read More

    06 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Sailor's Creek at Amelia County, Virginia; Prince Edward County, Virginia; Nottoway County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Sailor's Creek
    The Battle of Sailor's Creek

    Five days after Robert E. Lee's men retreated from the trenches of Petersburg, cavalry under Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan effectively cut off three separate corps of Lee's army near Sailor's Creek, a tributary of the Appomattox River, while the Union Second and Sixth Corps approached from the east. On April 6th, two brigades of Andrew H. Humphrey's Second Corps overwhelmed two brigades of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division as the Confederates struggled to move their supply and artillery trains across the creek… Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House
    The Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

    27 Jun 1865

    New York 86th Infantry mustered out at New York.