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New York 81st Infantry (Union)

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Regiment mustered in on December 20th, 1861 at Albany, New York. Regiment mustered out of service on August 31st, 1865.

Regiment was also known as:

  • 2nd Oswego Regiment, New York
  • Mohawk Rangers, New York

Notable Battles:

  • Strasburg fought on August 17th, 1864 near Virginia, Strasburg
  • Siege of Yorktown (1862) fought on April 5th, 1862 - May 4th, 1862 near York County, Virginia; Newport News, VA
  • Williamsburg fought on May 5th, 1862 near York County, Virginia; James City County, Virginia; Williamsburg, VIrginia
  • Skirmish at Seven Pines, Virginia fought on May 24th, 1862
  • Seven Pines fought on May 31st, 1862 - June 1st, 1862 near Henrico County, Virginia
  • White Oak Swamp fought on June 30th, 1862 near Henrico County, Virginia
  • Malvern Hill fought on July 1st, 1862 near Henrico County, Virginia
  • Swift Creek fought on May 9th, 1864 near Chesterfield County, Virginia
  • Cold Harbor fought on May 31st, 1864 - June 12th, 1864 near Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville
  • Second Petersburg fought on June 15th, 1864 - June 18th, 1864 near Petersburg, Virginia
  • Jerusalem Plank Road fought on June 21st, 1864 - June 24th, 1864 near Petersburg, Virginia
  • Crater fought on July 30th, 1864 near Petersburg
  • Chaffin's Farm fought on September 20th, 1864 - September 30th, 1864 near Henrico County, Virginia
  • Skirmish at Fort Harrison, Virginia fought on September 30th, 1864
  • Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road fought on October 27th, 1864 - October 28th, 1864 near Henrico County, Virginia
  • Appomattox Court House fought on April 9th, 1865

Regiment was made up of:

  • Company A
  • Company B
  • Company C
  • Company D
  • Company E
  • Company F
  • Company G
  • Company H
  • Company I
  • Company K
  • Company F&S (Field and Staff)

Commander List: (#Prisoner Of War, ^Wounded, %=Died during war)

  • Ballard, Hiram P (^Sergeant Major, January 1864 - September 1864; First Lieutenant, September 1864 - October 1864)
  • Brackett, William H (Quatermaster Sergeant, January 1865 - June 1865; First Lieutenant, June 1865 - July 1865)
  • Buck, Ephraim Whiting (Assistant Surgeon, August 1863 - August 1863)
  • Buck, Ephraim Whiting (Assistant Surgeon/Surgeon, September 1861 - October 1861; Assistant Surgeon, August 1863 - January 1864)
  • Buck, Ephraim Whiting (Assistant Surgeon, August 1863 - January 1864)
  • Butler, James J. (#Principal Musician, November 1863 - September 1864; Second Lieutenant, September 1864 - November 1864; First Lieutenant, November 1864 - January 1865; Captain, January 1865 - August 1865)
  • Chisholm, John (First Lieutenant/Regimental Quartermaster, January 1865 - February 1865; First Lieutenant, February 1865 - August 1865)
  • Cook, Edward S (First Lieutenant, September 1861 - September 1861; Corporal, November 1861 - November 1861; Sergeant, November 1861 - January 1862; First Sergeant, January 1862 - February 1862)
  • DeForest, Martin J (^Colonel, July 1862 - July 1862; First Lieutenant, July 1862 - March 1863; Captain, August 1863 - September 1864)
  • Delong, William H. (Principal Musician, April 1862 - September 1862)
  • Doolittle, James A. (Chief Musician, July 1862 - September 1862)
  • Earle, George W (Assistant Surgeon/Surgeon, August 1862 - March 1863)
  • Foote, James G (Sergeant Major, May 1865 - July 1865; First Lieutenant, July 1865 - August 1865)
  • Francis, Rogor A (First Lieutenant, September 1862 - September 1862)
  • Gilbert, Newell H. (Comm Sergeant, January 1862 - June 1862; Second Lieutenant, June 1862 - July 1862)
  • Grasse, Sidney D. (Assistant Surgeon/Second Assistant Surgeon, April 1863 - April 1863; Second Assistant Surgeon, April 1863 - ?)
  • Hart, Charles J (Hospital Steward, November 1861 - November 1864)
  • Higgins, John (Hospital Steward, November 1864 - December 1864)
  • Hunt, Henry T (Fife Major, January 1862 - April 1862)
  • Kelley, Michael (Principal Musician, May 1865 - August 1865)
  • Mattison, Lucius V S (Major, May 1865 - August 1865)
  • McAmbly, John (%Captain/Major, August 1861 - September 1861; May, September 1861 - December 1861; Major, February 1862 - May 1862)
  • McFarland, David (Chaplain, November 1861 - June 1862)
  • McFarlane, Carrington (Surgeon, June 1863 - August 1863)
  • Miller, John N (Surgeon, March 1865 - March 1865; Surgeon, March 1865 - August 1865)
  • Miller, John N. (#Assistant Surgeon/Surgeon, September 1862 - 1865; Surgeon, 1865 - March 1865; Surgeon, March 1865 - August 1865)
  • Oliver, John A (^Lieutenant, September 1861 - September 1862; Assistant Surgeon, January 1865 - February 1865; Surgeon/Assistant Surgeon/First Lieutenant, February 1865 - August 1865)
  • Oliver, John A (Assistant Surgeon, January 1865 - February 1865; Surgeon, February 1865 - August 1865)
  • Ralston, W C (%Lieutenant Colonel, July 1862 - September 1863)
  • Raulston, John B. (Colonel/Lieutenant Colonel, November 1864 - January 1865)
  • Rice, William H. (Surgeon, October 1861 - December 1864)
  • Rose, Edwin (Colonel, September 1861 - February 1862; Colonel, February 1862 - July 1862)
  • Rummill, Chauncey L (Comm Sergeant, November 1864 - June 1865; First Lieutenant, June 1865 - August 1865)
  • Slack, Edward (%Comm Sergeant, July 1862 - June 1863)
  • Smith, Henry (Comm Sergeant, May 1863 - November 1864)
  • Stanton, Joseph R (Sergeant Major, August 1865 - August 1865)
  • Stimson, Edward A. (Major, December 1864 - February 1865)
  • Taylor, Edward (Quatermaster Sergeant, July 1865 - August 1865)
  • Ward, James H (^Sergeant Major, November 1862 - December 1863; Sergeant Major, November 1864 - November 1864)
  • White, David Boutwell (Salmel, October 1861 - February 1862; Major, July 1862 - October 1862; Lieutenant Colonel, 1864 - November 1864; Lieutenant Colonel, April 1865 - July 1865; Brevet Brig-gen/Colonel/Full Captain/Full Lieutenant Colonel/Full Major/Brigadier General, July 1865 - August 1865)
  • Winters, William S. (Drum Major, January 1862 - March 1863)
  • Youngs, John F (Quatermaster Sergeant/Quartermaster Sergeant, December 1861 - October 1864)