North Carolina 1st Artillery (Confederate)

    08 May 1861

    North Carolina 1st Artillery organized at North Carolina.

    23 Mar 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fort Macon at Carteret County, North Carolina.

    05 May 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Williamsburg at York County, Virginia; James City County, Virginia; Williamsburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Williamsburg
    The Battle of Williamsburg

    Following the Confederate withdrawal from their Yorktown position, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was not prepared to mount an immediate pursuit with his entire force from the siege lines he had occupied for nearly a month. Initially, he was able to send forward only a portion of his army, led by the Third Corps of Samuel P. Heitzelman, to follow Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederates. Heitzelman's divisions, led by Brig. Gens. Joseph Hooker and Phil Kearny, made contact with Johnston's army four miles sout… Read More

    31 May 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Seven Pines at Henrico County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Seven Pines
    The Battle of Seven Pines

    Do you have information or corrections for this battle? [Let us know so we can get it right!](https://surveys.hotjar.com/s?siteId=1216908&surveyId=155200) Read More

    03 May 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Salem Church at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Salem Church
    The Battle of Salem Church

    The Battle of Salem Church was part of Chancellorsville Campaign and was fought in Spotsylvania County, Virginia on May 4rd and 4th, 1863. Read More

    01 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

    06 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Williamsport at Washington County, Maryland.

    The Battle of Williamsport
    The Battle of Williamsport

    During the night of July 4-5th, General Robert E. Lee's battered army began its retreat from Gettysburg, moving southwest toward Hagerstown and the Potomac River crossing at Williamsport, screened by Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart's cavalry. Lee's infantry reached the rain-swollen Potomac but could not cross, the pontoon bridge having been destroyed by a cavalry raid. On July 11th, Lee entrenched a line protecting the river crossings at Williamsport and waited for Maj. Gen. George G. Meade's army to advance. On… Read More

    30 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Crater at Petersburg, VA.

    The Battle of Crater
    The Battle of Crater

    Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides had settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Part of the Union line was held by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps. Some of Burnside'… Read More

    13 Jan 1865

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    13 Jan 1865

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    22 Feb 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Wilmington at Wilmington, North Carolina.

    07 Mar 1865

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    07 Mar 1865

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    07 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Wyse Fork at Kinston, North Carolina.

    The Battle of Wyse Fork
    The Battle of Wyse Fork

    By the end of February 1865, the North Carolina port city of Wilmington, defended by Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg, had fallen to the army of Union Maj. Gen. John Schofield. The port city became a supply base for Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's army in North Carolina, then beginning to close in on Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army. To consolidate forces against Johnston, Sherman ordered Schofield's Army of the Ohio to advance inland from Wilmington, at the same time assigning Maj. Gen. Jacob Cox to move the U… Read More

    25 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Fort Stedman at Petersburg, VA.

    The Battle of Fort Stedman
    The Battle of Fort Stedman

    By March of 1865, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's grip on the Confederate lines around Petersburg was having its desired effect. Outnumbered and weakened by disease, desertion and shortage of food and supplies, Gen. Robert E. Lee had few options. After careful study of the Union troops in his sector of the line, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon suggested to Lee the possibility of a successful offensive strike against Grant. In front of Gordon's men, Union-held Fort Stedman seemed the best target for a Confederate a… Read More

    06 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of High Bridge at Prince Edward County, Virginia; Cumberland County, Virginia.

    The Battle of High Bridge
    The Battle of High Bridge

    Harried mercilessly by Federal troops and continually cut off from turning south to reach Gen. Joseph Johnston's army in North Carolina, General Robert E. Lee and his army headed west along the Appomattox River, eventually arriving in Cumberland County on April 6th. Food and supplies that Lee's men desperately needed were waiting at Farmville, across the river. To get there, Lee needed to use the 2,500-foot long, 130-foot tall High Bridge, which carried the South Side Railroad over the Appomattox. A small… Read More

    25 Apr 1865

    North Carolina 1st Artillery mustered out at North Carolina.