Massachusetts 27th Volunteer Infantry (Union)
20 Sep 1861
Massachusetts 27th Volunteer Infantry organized.
07 Feb 1862
Participated in the Battle of Roanoke Island at Roanoke Island, North Carolina; Croatan Island, North Carolina.
14 Mar 1862
Participated in the Battle of New Bern at Craven County, North Carolina.
Hatteras Island, on the outer shore of North Carolina, fell to Union forces in August, 1861. Roanoke Island, just to the north, was captured on February 8, 1862. Elizabeth City on the mainland followed days later. With the freedom to navigate unmolested through Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds, Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s command looked for other strategic targets of opportunity. The city of New Bern was a significant target, as the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad that connected the coast with the in…
30 Mar 1863
Participated in the Battle of Washington, NC at Beaufort County, North Carolina.
06 May 1864
Participated in the Battle of Port Walthall Junction at Chesterfield County, Virginia.
12 May 1864
Participated in the Battle of Proctor's Creek at Chesterfield County, Virginia.
31 May 1864
Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.
After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving…
15 Jun 1864
Participated in the Battle of Second Petersburg at Petersburg, Virginia.
As the Overland Campaign concluded, the strategic goals of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted from the defeat of Robert E. Lee's army in the field to eliminating the supply and communication routes to the Confederate capital at Richmond. The city of Petersburg, 24 miles south of Richmond, was the junction point of five railroads that supplied the entire upper James River region. Grant knew Petersburg was the key to the capture of Richmond and that Lee would be forced to defend it. Marching south fr…
30 Jul 1864
Participated in the Battle of Crater at Petersburg, VA.
Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides had settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Part of the Union line was held by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps. Some of Burnside'…
18 Aug 1864
Participated in the Battle of Globe Tavern at Petersburg, Virginia.
20 Sep 1864
Participated in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm at Henrico County, Virginia.
07 Mar 1865
Participated in the Battle of Wyse Fork at Kinston, North Carolina.
By the end of February 1865, the North Carolina port city of Wilmington, defended by Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg, had fallen to the army of Union Maj. Gen. John Schofield. The port city became a supply base for Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's army in North Carolina, then beginning to close in on Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army. To consolidate forces against Johnston, Sherman ordered Schofield's Army of the Ohio to advance inland from Wilmington, at the same time assigning Maj. Gen. Jacob Cox to move the U…
26 Jun 1865
Massachusetts 27th Volunteer Infantry mustered out.