This page is currently in BETA. We would love your feedback about your experience.

Virginia 23rd Cavalry (Confederate)

21 Jul 1861

Participated in the Battle of First Bull Run at Fairfax County, Virginia; Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of First Bull Run
The Battle of First Bull Run

One of earliest battles of the Civil War, it introduced Americans to the idea that this would likely not be a short conflict and blood would be shed: Read More

30 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Chancellorsville
The Battle of Chancellorsville

On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

21 Jun 1863

Participated in the Battle of Upperville at Loudoun County, Virginia.

The Battle of Upperville
The Battle of Upperville

On June 21st, Union cavalry made a another determined effort to pierce Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry screen of Robert E. Lee's invading army as it moved north. Two days after skirmishing with the Union cavalry brigade of Col. J. Irvin Gregg in and around Middleburg, Brig. Gens. Wade Hampton and Beverly Robertson’s brigades made a stand and beat back Brig. Gen. David McM. Gregg’s division near a stone bridge over Goose Creek, four miles east of Upperville. Gregg called for infantry support, and received… Read More

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

28 Apr 1864

08 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

15 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of New Market at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

The Battle of New Market
The Battle of New Market

In conjunction with other spring 1864 offensives against strategic points in the Confederacy, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel to move up the Shenandoah Valley along the Valley Turnpike to destroy the railroad and canal complex at Lynchburg. Union control of the strategic and agriculturally rich valley was a crucial part of Grant's plans. Receiving word that the Union Army had entered the valley, Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge pulled together all available troops to repulse the invad… Read More

05 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Piedmont at Augusta County, Virginia.

17 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Lynchburg at Lynchburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Lynchburg
The Battle of Lynchburg

The Union threat forced Robert E. Lee to dispatch General Jubal Early with his Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia to defend Lynchburg. On June 17 and 18, the opposing forces clashed, resulting in a Union retreat all the way into West Virginia, leaving the Valley open for another Confederate advance into the North. Read More

09 Jul 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General John D. Imboden   Col George Smith.

09 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Monocacy at Frederick County, Maryland.

The Battle of Monocacy
The Battle of Monocacy

After marching north down the Shenandoah Valley from Lynchburg, the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early side-stepped the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry and crossed the Potomac River at Shepherdstown into Maryland on July 5-6th, 1864. On July 9th, a makeshift Union force under Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace attempted to stop Early’s invading Confederate divisions along the Monocacy River, just east of Frederick. The strategic area was near the junction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the Georgetown… Read More

11 Jul 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General John D. Imboden.

Brigadier General John D. Imboden

11 Jul 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Robert Ransom Jr..

Major General Robert Ransom Jr.

11 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fort Stevens at District of Columbia, DC.

The Battle of Fort Stevens
The Battle of Fort Stevens

After his victory over Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace at the Battle of Monocacy in central Maryland on July 9th, Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early pressed his advantage and moved south toward the Union capital in Washington, DC. On July 11th, Early's exhausted Confederates reached the outskirts of Washington near Silver Spring. Skirmishers advanced to feel the fortifications that encircled the city, which at the time were manned only by Home Guards, clerks, and convalescent troops. During the night, Union reinfo… Read More

19 Sep 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Charles T. O'Ferrall.

Lieutenant Colonel Charles T. O'Ferrall

19 Sep 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel George H. Smith.

19 Sep 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Lunsford L. Lomax.

Major General Lunsford L. Lomax

19 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Third Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester, Virginia.

The Battle of Third Winchester
The Battle of Third Winchester

To clear the Shenandoah River valley of Confederates, Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan moved on Winchester in mid-September 1864. Sheridan’s force of over 39,000 men was more than twice the size of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army defending the valley. After Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw’s division left Winchester to rejoin Robert E. Lee’s army at Petersburg, Early renewed his raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg in the lower valley, dispersing his four remaining infantry divisions. On Septem… Read More

21 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fisher's Hill at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

The Battle of Fisher's Hill
The Battle of Fisher's Hill

Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley, bloodied by its defeat at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19th, retreated 20 miles up the valley and took a defensive position in an east-west line across Fisher’s Hill, southwest of Strasburg.  Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah, in accordance with Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's orders, aggressively pursued Early.  Sheridan, outnumbering Early about three to one, noted that the right of the Confederate line was… Read More

19 Oct 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cedar Creek
The Battle of Cedar Creek

Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

09 Apr 1865

Virginia 23rd Cavalry mustered out.