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New Jersey 3rd Volunteer Infantry (Union)

04 Jun 1861

New Jersey 3rd Volunteer Infantry organized.

21 Jul 1861

Participated in the Battle of First Bull Run at Fairfax County, Virginia; Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of First Bull Run
The Battle of First Bull Run

One of earliest battles of the Civil War, it introduced Americans to the idea that this would likely not be a short conflict and blood would be shed: Read More

05 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of Williamsburg at York County, Virginia; James City County, Virginia; Williamsburg, VIrginia.

The Battle of Williamsburg
The Battle of Williamsburg

Following the Confederate withdrawal from their Yorktown position, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was not prepared to mount an immediate pursuit with his entire force from the siege lines he had occupied for nearly a month. Initially, he was able to send forward only a portion of his army, led by the Third Corps of Samuel P. Heitzelman, to follow Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederates. Heitzelman's divisions, led by Brig. Gens. Joseph Hooker and Phil Kearny, made contact with Johnston's army four miles sout… Read More

31 May 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General George W. Taylor.

Brigadier General George W. Taylor

31 May 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Henry W. Slocum.

Brigadier General Henry W. Slocum

31 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of Seven Pines at Henrico County, Virginia.

The Battle of Seven Pines
The Battle of Seven Pines

Do you have information or corrections for this battle? [Let us know so we can get it right!](https://surveys.hotjar.com/s?siteId=1216908&surveyId=155200) Read More

27 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of Gaines' Mill at Hanover County, Virginia.

The Battle of Gaines' Mill
The Battle of Gaines' Mill

Despite his victory over the Confederates at Beaver Dam Creek on June 26th, Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter’s Fifth Corps abandoned its position early on June 27th and established a new defensive line along Boatswain’s Creek, just north of the Chickahominy River. Read More

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Henry W. Brown.

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Alfred T. A. Torbert.

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Henry W. Slocum.

Major General Henry W. Slocum

17 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major James W. H. Stickney.

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Henry W. Brown, Colonel Samuel L. Buck, and Colonel William H. Penrose.

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General William T. H. Brooks.

Brigadier General William T. H. Brooks

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Henry W. Brown.

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Samuel L. Buck.

30 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Chancellorsville
The Battle of Chancellorsville

On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Henry W. Brown, and Lieutenant Colonel Edward L. Campbell.

Colonel Henry W. Brown

Lieutenant Colonel Edward L. Campbell

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Alfred T. A. Torbert.

Brigadier General Alfred T. A. Torbert

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Horatio G. Wright.

Brigadier General Horatio G. Wright

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

05 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Wilderness
The Battle of Wilderness

The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

08 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

31 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

The Battle of Cold Harbor
The Battle of Cold Harbor

After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

09 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

The Battle of Appomattox Court House
The Battle of Appomattox Court House

Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

29 Jun 1865

New Jersey 3rd Volunteer Infantry mustered out.