Virginia 1st Cavalry Battalion (Confederate)

    11 Jul 1861

    Participated in the Battle of Rich Mountain at Randolph County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Rich Mountain
    The Battle of Rich Mountain

    Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia in June 1861. After their defeat by McClellan at Philippi, Confederate troops under the command of Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett had fortified two key mountain passes. The one furthest south, Camp Garnett, consisted of earth and log entrenchments overlooking the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike at Rich Mountain, just west of Beverly. On June 27th, McClellan moved his brigades of Ohio and Indiana soldiers from Clarksburg south aga… Read More

    16 Jul 1861

    Virginia 1st Cavalry Battalion organized at Virginia.

    21 Jul 1861

    Participated in the Battle of First Bull Run at Fairfax County, Virginia; Prince William County, Virginia.

    The Battle of First Bull Run
    The Battle of First Bull Run

    One of earliest battles of the Civil War, it introduced Americans to the idea that this would likely not be a short conflict and blood would be shed: Read More

    11 Feb 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fort Donelson at Fort Donelson, TN.

    The Battle of Fort Donelson
    The Battle of Fort Donelson

    Early in the war, Union commanders realized control of the major rivers would be the key to success in the Western Theater. Read More

    05 May 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Williamsburg at York County, Virginia; James City County, Virginia; Williamsburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Williamsburg
    The Battle of Williamsburg

    Following the Confederate withdrawal from their Yorktown position, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was not prepared to mount an immediate pursuit with his entire force from the siege lines he had occupied for nearly a month. Initially, he was able to send forward only a portion of his army, led by the Third Corps of Samuel P. Heitzelman, to follow Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederates. Heitzelman's divisions, led by Brig. Gens. Joseph Hooker and Phil Kearny, made contact with Johnston's army four miles sout… Read More

    09 Jun 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Port Republic at Rockingham County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Port Republic
    The Battle of Port Republic

    One day after the battle at Cross Keys, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson concentrated his division east of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River near Port Republic against the isolated brigades of Brig. Gen. Erastus Tyler and Col. Samuel S. Carroll. Confederate assaults across the bottomland of the Lewis family farm, along the River Road, spearheaded by the Stonewall Brigade, were repulsed with heavy casualties. A Confederate flank attack, including a brigade of the Louisiana Tigers, overtook an ar… Read More

    28 Aug 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Bull Run
    The Battle of Second Bull Run

    After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

    01 Sep 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Chantilly at Fairfax Co, VA.

    The Battle of Chantilly
    The Battle of Chantilly

    Confederate Maj. Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson hoped to cut off the Union retreat from Manassas the day after the Confederate victory at the second battle fought there. Jackson's wing of Lee's army made a wide, flanking march, screened by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, north and then east, to take the strategically important village of Germantown. There, Maj. Gen. John Pope's only two retreat routes to Washington - the Warrenton Pike and the Little River Turnpike - converged. On September 1st, beyond Chanti… Read More

    17 Sep 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam

    The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee's forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

    13 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg

    In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

    17 Mar 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Kelly's Ford at Culpeper County, Virginia; Fauquier County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Kelly's Ford
    The Battle of Kelly's Ford

    In 1863, the recently organized Union Cavalry Corps possessed superior equipment and the advantages of a plentiful supply of men and horses over their Confederate counterparts, but lacked the confidence, experience, and leadership to challenge Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart's troopers. That March, Confederate cavalry under Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee conducted raids against elements of the Union line along the Rappahannock River. In response, on March 16th, 2,100 Union cavalrymen under Brig. Gen. William Averell se… Read More

    30 Apr 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Battle of Chancellorsville

    On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

    03 May 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Second Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    09 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Brandy Station at Culpepper County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Brandy Station
    The Battle of Brandy Station

    > *As we emerged from the woods into an open space or field where our mounted skirmishers were deployed, it was clearly discovered that our troops were confronted with a heavy line of infantry, who, with weapons of a longer range than that of our carbines, were dismounting our men at a fearful rate, whilst they were unable to inflict any punishment upon the enemy. As Colonel Devin approached the skirmish line, he at once became the target for the Rebel sharp shooters and, the way the minnie balls were whiz… Read More

    17 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Aldie at Loudon County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Aldie
    The Battle of Aldie

    Less than two weeks after the start of the Gettysburg Campaign, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry successfully screened the Confederate infantry as it marched north behind the sheltering Blue Ridge Mountains. The Union Cavalry Corps commander, Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasanton, ordered forward the division of Brig. Gen. David McMurtrie Gregg to penetrate Stuart's screen. The probing Federals of Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick's cavalry brigade, in the advance of Gregg's division, encountered Col. Thomas T. Munford… Read More

    30 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Hanover at Hanover, Pennsylvania.

    01 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

    08 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Boonsboro at MD.

    27 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Mine Run
    The Battle of Mine Run

    After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River. On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the Orange… Read More

    05 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Wilderness
    The Battle of Wilderness

    The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

    08 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

    11 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Yellow Tavern at Henrico, Virginia.

    The Battle of Yellow Tavern
    The Battle of Yellow Tavern

    It was early morning when the column of gray- and butternut-clad horsemen reined up and came to a halt along the Telegraph Road. Exhausted, they dismounted and put their horses under cover near a ramshackle, three-story structure. Once a wayside inn, it had long since been abandoned, but was still known locally for the color of its failing siding: Yellow Tavern. Read More

    31 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

    The Battle of Cold Harbor
    The Battle of Cold Harbor

    After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

    05 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Piedmont at Augusta County, Virginia.

    11 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Trevilian Station at Louisa County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Trevilian Station
    The Battle of Trevilian Station

    In June of 1864, hoping to draw attention away from Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's movement south, destroy supply lines, and join up with Brig. Gen. David Hunter in Charlottesville, Union cavalry commander Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan embarked on a cavalry raid. Near Trevilian Station, Virginia, he clashed with Confederate cavalry under Maj. Gens. Wade Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. On June 11th, while Hampton's men struggled against Union forces on one road, Lee's men advancing on a parallel road fell back, allow… Read More

    03 Sep 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Berryville at Clarke County, Virginia.

    19 Sep 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Third Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester, Virginia.

    The Battle of Third Winchester
    The Battle of Third Winchester

    To clear the Shenandoah River valley of Confederates, Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan moved on Winchester in mid-September 1864. Sheridan's force of over 39,000 men was more than twice the size of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army defending the valley. After Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw's division left Winchester to rejoin Robert E. Lee's army at Petersburg, Early renewed his raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg in the lower valley, dispersing his four remaining infantry divisions. On Septem… Read More

    20 Sep 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm at Henrico County, Virginia.

    21 Sep 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Fisher's Hill at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fisher's Hill
    The Battle of Fisher's Hill

    Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Army of the Valley, bloodied by its defeat at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19th, retreated 20 miles up the valley and took a defensive position in an east-west line across Fisher's Hill, southwest of Strasburg. Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah, in accordance with Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's orders, aggressively pursued Early. Sheridan, outnumbering Early about three to one, noted that the right of the Confederate line was anchored o… Read More

    09 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Tom's Brook at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Tom's Brook
    The Battle of Tom's Brook

    After his victory at Fisher's Hill, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan pursued Gen. Jubal Early's army up the Shenandoah Valley to near Staunton. On October 6th, Sheridan began withdrawing, as his cavalry burned everything that could be deemed of military significance, including barns and mills in what became known as "Red October" or "the Burning." Reinforced by Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw's division, Early followed Sheridan. Maj. Gen. Thomas Rosser arrived from Petersburg to take command of Fitz Lee's cavalry divis… Read More

    19 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Cedar Creek
    The Battle of Cedar Creek

    Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

    01 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Five Forks at Five Forks, Virginia.

    The Battle of Five Forks
    The Battle of Five Forks

    The Union victory along the White Oak Road on March 31st threatened to destabilize the entire Confederate line west of Petersburg. General Robert E. Lee ordered Maj. Gen. George Pickett with his infantry division and the cavalry divisions of Col. Thomas Munford, Maj. Gen. W.H.F. Lee, and Maj. Gen Thomas Rosser to hold the vital crossroads of Five Forks, along the White Oak Road five miles west of the previous fighting there. Pickett's defensive line was not well constructed, and much of his cavalry force w… Read More

    06 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of High Bridge at Prince Edward County, Virginia; Cumberland County, Virginia.

    The Battle of High Bridge
    The Battle of High Bridge

    Harried mercilessly by Federal troops and continually cut off from turning south to reach Gen. Joseph Johnston's army in North Carolina, General Robert E. Lee and his army headed west along the Appomattox River, eventually arriving in Cumberland County on April 6th. Food and supplies that Lee's men desperately needed were waiting at Farmville, across the river. To get there, Lee needed to use the 2,500-foot long, 130-foot tall High Bridge, which carried the South Side Railroad over the Appomattox. A small… Read More

    06 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Sailor's Creek at Amelia County, Virginia; Prince Edward County, Virginia; Nottoway County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Sailor's Creek
    The Battle of Sailor's Creek

    Five days after Robert E. Lee's men retreated from the trenches of Petersburg, cavalry under Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan effectively cut off three separate corps of Lee's army near Sailor's Creek, a tributary of the Appomattox River, while the Union Second and Sixth Corps approached from the east. On April 6th, two brigades of Andrew H. Humphrey's Second Corps overwhelmed two brigades of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division as the Confederates struggled to move their supply and artillery trains across the creek… Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House
    The Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Virginia 1st Cavalry Battalion mustered out at Virginia.