Ohio 1st Independent Volunteer Light Artillery (Union)

    11 Jul 1861

    Participated in the Battle of Rich Mountain at Randolph County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Rich Mountain
    The Battle of Rich Mountain

    Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia in June 1861. After their defeat by McClellan at Philippi, Confederate troops under the command of Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett had fortified two key mountain passes. The one furthest south, Camp Garnett, consisted of earth and log entrenchments overlooking the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike at Rich Mountain, just west of Beverly. On June 27th, McClellan moved his brigades of Ohio and Indiana soldiers from Clarksburg south aga… Read More

    21 Oct 1861

    Participated in the Battle of Camp Wildcat at Laurel County, Kentucky.

    The Battle of Camp Wildcat
    The Battle of Camp Wildcat

    Early in the war, the Lincoln administration knew well the importance of keeping the border state of Kentucky in the Union. Any Rebel armies operating successfully there could encourage secessionist sympathies. In late 1861, a Confederate force of around 6,000 men under Brig. Gen. Felix Zollicoffer entered the southeast corner of the state just north of the Tennessee border and occupied the strategic Cumberland Gap. To counter Confederate moves in the area, Union Brig. Gen. George H. Thomas sent a detachme… Read More

    23 Oct 1861

    Participated in the Battle of Big Sandy Expedition at Eastern Kentucky, KY.

    19 Jan 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    19 Jan 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Mill Springs at Pulaski County, Kentucky; Wayne County, Kentucky.

    The Battle of Mill Springs
    The Battle of Mill Springs

    Early in the war, the Lincoln administration knew well the importance of keeping the border state of Kentucky in the Union. Any Rebel armies operating successfully there could encourage secessionist sympathies. In late 1861, a Confederate force of around 6,000 men under Brig. Gen. Felix Zollicoffer encamped for the winter near Mill Springs, on the Cumberland River in the southeast corner of the state just north of the Tennessee border and close to the strategic Cumberland Gap. A Union force under Brig. Gen… Read More

    23 Mar 1862

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    23 Mar 1862

    Participated in the Battle of First Kernstown at Frederick County, Virginia, Winchester, Virginia.

    The Battle of First Kernstown
    The Battle of First Kernstown

    In the spring of 1862, relying on faulty intelligence that under-reported the strength of the Union garrison at Winchester in the lower Shenandoah Valley, Confederate Maj. Gen. 'Stonewall' Jackson marched aggressively north with his 3,800-man division. In Winchester, the 8,500 Federals were a detachment from the Army of the Potomac's Fifth Corps, and were commanded by Col. Nathan Kimball, who outnumbered Jackson more than two to one. Kimball established a defensive position on the Valley Turnpike and Midd… Read More

    06 Apr 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    06 Apr 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Shiloh at Hardin County, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh

    On the morning of April 6, 1862, 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston poured out of the nearby woods and struck the encamped divisions of Union soldiers occupying ground near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Read More

    29 Apr 1862

    Participated in the Siege of Corinth at Corinth, MS.

    The Siege of Corinth
    The Siege of Corinth

    Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price's Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn's Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

    08 May 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    08 May 1862

    Assigned to the Brigades led by .

    08 May 1862

    Participated in the Battle of McDowell at Highland County, Virginia.

    The Battle of McDowell
    The Battle of McDowell

    As Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan prepared to march his Army of the Potomac up the Virginia Peninsula and capture Richmond, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to prevent Union troops in the Shenandoah Valley from reinforcing McClellan. After his tactical defeat at the First Battle of Kernstown, Jackson moved up the valley to confront a Union force entering it from western Virginia. Joining forces with Brig. Gen. Edward "Allegheny" Johnson's Army of the… Read More

    25 May 1862

    Participated in the Battle of First Winchester at Winchester, Virginia.

    The Battle of First Winchester
    The Battle of First Winchester

    Part of Jackson's Valley Campaign, the First Battle of Winchester took place May 24, 1862. The battle was huge victory for Jackson's troops and disrupted the Union's plans to take Richmond. Read More

    07 Jun 1862

    Participated in the Battle of First Chattanooga at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

    08 Jun 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Cross Keys at Rockingham County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Cross Keys
    The Battle of Cross Keys

    Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont's and his 11,000-man Mountain Department army were tasked with keeping Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's two-division force engaged in the Shenandoah Valley and unable to join with Robert E. Lee's army defending Richmond during the Peninsula Campaign against the Confederate capital. In early June, Jackson's men under Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell were encamped in the vicinity of Cross Keys on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. Union screening cavalry approached Jackson f… Read More

    09 Jun 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Port Republic at Rockingham County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Port Republic
    The Battle of Port Republic

    One day after the battle at Cross Keys, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson concentrated his division east of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River near Port Republic against the isolated brigades of Brig. Gen. Erastus Tyler and Col. Samuel S. Carroll. Confederate assaults across the bottomland of the Lewis family farm, along the River Road, spearheaded by the Stonewall Brigade, were repulsed with heavy casualties. A Confederate flank attack, including a brigade of the Louisiana Tigers, overtook an ar… Read More

    28 Aug 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Bull Run
    The Battle of Second Bull Run

    After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

    14 Sep 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Munfordville at Hart County, Kentucky.

    The Battle of Munfordville
    The Battle of Munfordville

    After the Confederate victory at Richmond, Kentucky at the end of August, Gen. Braxton Bragg continued to operate in the strategic border state and moved his army to cover pursuing Union army routes in the area. Munfordville, with its 1,800-foot-long railroad bridge over the Green River, was a key station on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad and therefore of great military importance. Approaching the town on September 14th, Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers urged Union Col. John T. Wilder to surrender his… Read More

    14 Sep 1862

    Participated in the Battle of South Mountain at Frederick County, Maryland; Washington County, Maryland; Boonsboro, Maryland.

    The Battle of South Mountain
    The Battle of South Mountain

    After his success at Second Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia north across the Potomac River on an invasion of Maryland in September of 1862. Lee divided his army, sending a portion of it into western Maryland while Lieut. Gen. Stonewall Jackson's wing attempted to capture the Federal garrison at Harper's Ferry. The bold plan was jeopardized on September 13th when a mislaid copy of Lee's orders revealing the Confederates' plans was given to Union commander Maj. Gen. George B. M… Read More

    17 Sep 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    17 Sep 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam

    The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee's forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

    08 Oct 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    08 Oct 1862

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    08 Oct 1862

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    08 Oct 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Perryville at Perryville, Kentucky.

    The Battle of Perryville
    The Battle of Perryville

    On October 7, 1862, Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio, in pursuit of Gen Braxton Bragg's Army of Mississippi, approached the crossroads town of Perryville, Kentucky. Union forces skirmished with Confederates on the Springfield Pike before heavy fighting began on Peters Hill. The next day, fighting continued as a Union division advanced up the pike. After noon, a Confederate division struck the Union left flank and forced it to fall back. When more Confederates joined the fray, the Union line ma… Read More

    13 Dec 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    13 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg

    In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

    31 Dec 1862

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    31 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Stones River at Murfreesboro, TN.

    The Battle of Stones River
    The Battle of Stones River

    After his October 1862 defeat at Perryville in Kentucky, Gen. Braxton Bragg withdrew his army into middle Tennessee and resupplied his men near Murfreesboro. Read More

    10 Apr 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Franklin (1863) at Williamson County, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Franklin (1863)
    The Battle of Franklin (1863)

    The Battle of Franklin fought on April 10 1863, was a mere skirmish fought at the same location that the major Battle of Franklin would be fought in 1864. Read More

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    30 Apr 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Battle of Chancellorsville

    On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

    02 May 1863

    Ohio 1st Independent Volunteer Light Artillery organized at Ohio.

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

    19 Sep 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    19 Sep 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chickamauga at Catoosa County, Georgia; Walker County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Chickamauga
    The Battle of Chickamauga

    After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederate army out of Chattanooga. Through a series of skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg out of Chattanooga and into Georgia. Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg followed the Federals north, brushing with Rosecrans' army at Davis' Cross Roads. While they marched on September 18th, his cavalry and infantry skirmished with Un… Read More

    28 Oct 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Wauhatchie at Hamilton County, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Wauhatchie
    The Battle of Wauhatchie

    Wary of troops marching to the aid of the Federal army besieged at Chattanooga, General Braxton Bragg ordered General James Longstreet to take action against the force massing in Lookout Valley. In a rare nighttime attack, a division of Longstreet's corps attacked the Union rearguard near the crossroads of Wauhatchie. The brief fight was a bloody repulse for the Confederates, who were forced to withdraw. The Confederates had missed their last best chance to prevent supplies from reaching the Union Army of… Read More

    23 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chattanooga Campaign at Chattanooga, TN.

    The Battle of Chattanooga Campaign
    The Battle of Chattanooga Campaign

    After taking charge of the Union's western armies in October of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant focused on lifting the Confederate siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee, which had been in place since the Battle of Chickamauga in September. Grant opened the 'Cracker Line' across the Tennessee River to bring supplies to the beleaguered Army of the Cumberland inside the city, and, in mid-November, brought Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Army of the Tennessee into the city as well. The Confederates under Maj. Gen.… Read More

    25 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Missionary Ridge at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Missionary Ridge
    The Battle of Missionary Ridge

    From the last days of September through October 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg's army laid siege to the Union army under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans at Chattanooga, cutting off its supplies. On October 17, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant received command of the Western armies; he moved to reinforce Chattanooga and replaced Rosecrans with Maj. Gen. George Thomas. A new supply line was soon established. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman arrived with his four divisions in mid-November, and the Federals began offensive operat… Read More

    27 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Mine Run
    The Battle of Mine Run

    After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River. On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the Orange… Read More

    05 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Wilderness
    The Battle of Wilderness

    The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

    08 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

    13 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Resaca at Gordon County, Georgia; Whitfield County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Resaca
    The Battle of Resaca

    Following his withdrawal from Rocky Face Ridge, the first battle in Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's campaign against Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston established a four-mile defensive position protecting the Western & Atlantic Railroad west and north of Resaca, where the railroad crossed the Oostanaula River. On May 13th, Sherman tested the Rebel lines, sending forward divisions to skirmish with the Confederates, with little substantive result. On the 14th, the fighting erupted into a full-… Read More

    23 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of North Anna at Caroline County, Virginia; Hanover County, Virginia.

    The Battle of North Anna
    The Battle of North Anna

    Following the stalemate at Spotsylvania Court House, Grant was determined to continue his offensive against Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. After a failed attempt to bait Lee out of his earthworks, he found the Confederates entrenched on the south side of the North Anna River, where Lee's "inverted V" defenses forced Grant to divide his army into three parts in order to attack. On May 23rd, one of Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill's divisions assaulted the isolated Fifth Corps on the Union right which had crossed the r… Read More

    25 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of New Hope Church at Paulding County, Georgia.

    The Battle of New Hope Church
    The Battle of New Hope Church

    During early May 1864, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman successfully outmaneuvered the army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in multiple battles in northwest Georgia. Each time, Johnston fell back to a new defensive position closer to the strategic Confederate city of Atlanta. After Johnston retreated to Allatoona Pass on May 19-20th following the battle at Adairsville, Sherman determined to move around Johnston's left flank rather than attack the strong Confederate defenses in his front. On May 23rd, Sherman set in… Read More

    27 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Dallas at Paulding County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Dallas
    The Battle of Dallas

    During early and mid-May 1864, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman successfully outmaneuvered the army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in multiple battles in northwest Georgia. Each time, Johnston fell back to a new defensive position closer to the strategic Confederate city of Atlanta. Stopped at New Hope Church on Johnston's left on May 26th, Sherman attacked Johnston's right at Pickett's Mill on May 27th. The next day, Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps probed the Union defensive line, held by Maj. Gen. John A. Log… Read More

    28 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek at Hanover County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
    The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek

    Operations along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond opened with cavalry combat at the Pamunkey River crossing at Dabney's Ferry (near Hanovertown) and at Crump's Creek on May 27th. During the cavalry fight at Haw's Shop on May 28th, Union and Confederate infantry arrived in the vicinity and the Confederates entrenched behind Totopotomoy Creek. On the 29th, the Union army Second, Ninth, and Fifth Corps probed Lee's position along the creek, while the Sixth Corps felt its way toward Hanover Court House.… Read More

    31 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

    The Battle of Cold Harbor
    The Battle of Cold Harbor

    After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

    06 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Marietta at Cobb County, Georgia.

    27 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain at Cobb County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
    The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

    Fearing envelopment northwest of Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston withdrew his army to a new defensive position astride Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta. Johnston selected this position in order to protect the Western & Atlantic Railroad, his supply link to Atlanta. Prior to taking up this new line on June 19th, Johnston had pioneers working through the night digging trenches and erecting fortifications, turning Kennesaw into a formidable earthen fortress. Having defeated Lieut. Gen. John… Read More

    11 Jul 1864

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    11 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Fort Stevens at District of Columbia, DC.

    The Battle of Fort Stevens
    The Battle of Fort Stevens

    After his victory over Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace at the Battle of Monocacy in central Maryland on July 9th, Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early pressed his advantage and moved south toward the Union capital in Washington, DC. On July 11th, Early's exhausted Confederates reached the outskirts of Washington near Silver Spring. Skirmishers advanced to feel the fortifications that encircled the city, which at the time were manned only by Home Guards, clerks, and convalescent troops. During the night, Union reinfo… Read More

    20 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Peachtree Creek at Fulton County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Peachtree Creek
    The Battle of Peachtree Creek

    Weary of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's pattern of retreat through northwest Georgia in the face of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancing armies, President Jefferson Davis removed him from command of the Army of Tennessee, replacing him with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood. On July 20th, Hood determined to take the fight to the enemy by setting upon an isolated portion of Sherman's forces in front of Atlanta. Hood's target would be the Union corps of Maj. Gens. Oliver O. Howard and Joseph Hooker from Maj. Gen. Geo… Read More

    22 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Atlanta at Fulton County, Georgia; DeKalb County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Atlanta
    The Battle of Atlanta

    Despite the defeat at Peach Tree Creek, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood still had hopes of driving Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Yankees from the outskirts of Atlanta with an offensive blow. On the night of July 21, 1864, Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make 15-mile night march and assault the Union left flank east of the city, held by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee. Joining the attack with Hardee would be the corps of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Cheatham. Hood attac… Read More

    31 Aug 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Jonesborough at Clayton County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Jonesborough
    The Battle of Jonesborough

    By late August 1865, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. A few supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids inflicted only superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could destroy the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads to the south the Rebel army would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25, Union infantry beg… Read More

    19 Sep 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Third Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester, Virginia.

    The Battle of Third Winchester
    The Battle of Third Winchester

    To clear the Shenandoah River valley of Confederates, Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan moved on Winchester in mid-September 1864. Sheridan's force of over 39,000 men was more than twice the size of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army defending the valley. After Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw's division left Winchester to rejoin Robert E. Lee's army at Petersburg, Early renewed his raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg in the lower valley, dispersing his four remaining infantry divisions. On Septem… Read More

    05 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Allatoona at Bartow County, Georgia.

    19 Oct 1864

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    19 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Cedar Creek
    The Battle of Cedar Creek

    Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

    23 Nov 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Lookout Mountain at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Lookout Mountain
    The Battle of Lookout Mountain

    A month after opening the 'Cracker Line,' Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was ready to lift the siege of Chattanooga. On November 23, 1863, a reconnaissance in force by Gen. George H. Thomas' Army of the Cumberland overran the Confederate position on Orchard Knob, and gave Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg deep concerns about the strength of the center of his line along Missionary Ridge. In shoring up this portion of the Confederate position, Bragg moved Gen. William H. T. Walker's division from the base of Lookout Mou… Read More

    29 Nov 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Spring Hill at Maury County, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Spring Hill
    The Battle of Spring Hill

    On the night of November 28, 1864, Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee marched toward Spring Hill to get astride Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield's Union army's supply line. Hood was pursuing Schofield as the Yankees withdrew north from Columbia towards Nashville. Cavalry skirmishing between Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson's Union cavalry and Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederate troopers continued throughout the day as the Confederates advanced. On November 29th, Hood's infantry crossed the Duck… Read More

    30 Nov 1864

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    30 Nov 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Franklin (1864) at Franklin, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Franklin (1864)
    The Battle of Franklin (1864)

    After allowing Maj. Gen. John Schofield's Army of the Ohio to pass him near Spring Hill, Tennessee, the previous morning, Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood led his 30,000-man Army of Tennessee to the outskirts of Franklin on November 30th. Schofield's army had constructed a strong defensive line south of the town. Hood took a position two miles south of Schofield, with open, rolling farm land between them, and prepared to attack. At 4:00 p.m., over 20,000 Confederates moved forward east and west of the Columbia Pike… Read More

    15 Dec 1864

    Assigned to the Regiment led by .

    15 Dec 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Nashville at Nashville, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Nashville
    The Battle of Nashville

    Despite a series of defeats in the closing days of November, 1864, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood continued to drag his bloodied Army of Tennessee, approximately 30,000 strong, north towards Nashville. The city was protected by 55,000 Union soldiers, which should have precluded further offensive operations, but Hood was determined and his situation was dire. Hood reached Nashville on December 2nd and staked out a position south of the city, hoping to draw the Union forces into a costly attack. Ulys… Read More

    22 Feb 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Wilmington at Wilmington, North Carolina.

    19 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Bentonville at Bentonville, NC.

    The Battle of Bentonville
    The Battle of Bentonville

    After his march to the sea, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman headed north in early 1865 to unite with Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army in Virginia. Only Confederate Gen. Joseph Johnston's army stood between Sherman and Grant. After briefly blocking Sherman's advance at Averasboro, North Carolina on March 16, Johnston struck Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum's wing of Sherman's army near Bentonville on March 19. The Confederates ran into stiff resistance, as Slocum established a defensive position. Johnston's assaults con… Read More

    25 Jul 1865

    Ohio 1st Independent Volunteer Light Artillery mustered out at Ohio.