MEDAL OF HONOR AWARDS RESCINDED

MEDAL OF HONOR AWARDS RESCINDED - Stories

TOPIC

MEDAL OF HONOR

    A Navy version of the Medal of Honor was the first to be approved by President Lincoln on December 21, 1861. At the time it was the first and only decoration formally authorized by the American Government to be worn as a badge of honor. The Army's version was approved the next year for enlisted men and then amended to also include officers who "shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry in action and other soldier-like qualities."

    A total of 1,520 Medals were awarded during the Civil War. Twenty men received Medals for their gallantry on the Battlefield at Antietam. Eight of the twenty men were awarded the Medal for either capturing or saving flags.

    In 1916 a board of five retired General Officers was appointed to investigate the validity of all the Medals which had been awarded. 911 names were stricken from the list, most from the Civil War. The majority of those were from the 27th Maine Infantry who in June of 1863, a critical time of the war, received Medals of Honor just for re-enlisting.

    THE MEDAL TODAY:

    A total of 3,427 Medals of Honor have been awarded. To be awarded a Medal today the individual must be in combat as a member of the Armed Forces of the United States. The act of bravery must be: 1) proved by incontestable evidence of at least two eyewitnesses; 2) clearly distinguishes gallantry beyond the call of duty; 3) involve the risk of life. Today the Medal of Honor stands at the top of a pyramid of awards, reserved for the bravest of the brave.

    THE NAMES

      27th Maine - The names of all 864 men of the 27th Maine (including the name of Colonel Mark Wentworth), (SEE BELOW)were stricken from the Roll of Honor.  SEARCH LINK FOR NAMES: http://www.homeofheroes.com/moh/corrections/27th_bycompany.html

      Lincoln Funeral Guard - The names of 4 officers and 25 senior NCOs who had received ceremonial Medals of Honor as Abraham Lincoln's funeral guard were stricken.  SEE BELOW

      ~

      Other Unqualified Recipients - The names of 12 additional men were stricken from the Honor Roll for reasons varying from frivolity of the award to alien status.

      Cpt. Asa B. Gardiner Co I, 22d NY Militia  *See Note Below

      Col. George W. Mindil 27th NJ Infantry

      1Lt. William H. Lambert 27th NJ Infantry   (SEE BELOW)

      2Lt. Stephen D. Pierson Co D, 27th NJ Infantry   (SEE BELOW)

      Sgt. William T. Leport Co K, 27th NJ Infantry

      Residence was not listed; Enlisted on 9/3/1862 as a Sergeant. On 9/19/1862 he mustered into "K" Co. NJ 27th Infantry He was Mustered Out on 7/2/1863 at Newark, NJ ~

      **Pvt. Thomas C. Reed ** Co C, 27th NJ Infantry
      Residence was not listed; Enlisted on 9/3/1862 as a Private. On 9/19/1862 he mustered into "C" Co. NJ 27th Infantry He was Mustered Out on 7/2/1863 at Newark, NJ **James M. Hawkins,  **Storekeeper, QM Dept, Cited for putting out a fire

      Pvt. Robert Storr, Co A, 15th NY Engineers, British Subject (KIA)

      Residence was not listed; 26 years old.
      Enlisted on 5/9/1861 at New York City, NY as a Private.
      On 6/17/1861 he mustered into "A" Co. NY 15th Engineers
      He died of disease on 5/30/1862 at David's Island, NY Harbor
      Medal of Honor Information:
      (For services during the Rebellion)

      Pvt. John B. Lynch, Co D, 3d IN Cavalry, Cited for carrying dispatches

      Residence [Dearborn County](http://null/hdsquery.dll?TownDesc?IN&Dearborn County&) IN;
      Enlisted on 8/22/1861 as a Private.
      On 8/22/1861 he mustered into "D" Co. IN 3rd Cavalry
      He was discharged for to enlist on 1/1/1864
      (Estimated date of transfer)
      On 1/1/1864 he mustered into US Army
      (date and method of discharge not given)

      SGM Joseph K. Wilson, & Cpl. John C. Hesse, Co A, 8th US Infantry, Both cited for saving the flag of the 8th US Infantry.

      Pvt. Thomas Gilbert, 18th Ind Btry, NY Light Arty, Cited for extinguishing fuses.

      Residence was not listed; 28 years old.
      Enlisted on 8/27/1862 at Rochester, NY as a Private.
      On 9/13/1862 he mustered into NY 18th Light Artillery
      He was Mustered Out on 7/20/1865 at Rochester, NY
      Medal of Honor Information:
      He was awarded the Medal of Honor
      for action on 10/11/1864 at Baton Rouge, LA.
      (Picked up several burning shells and put fuse in water,
      preventing their explosion)

      *The case of Captain Gardiner illustrates the frivolity with which some prior awards had been made.  In 1872 Gardiner, now a Lieutenant Colonel, received his Medal of Honor upon submitting an application to Secretary of War Belknap stating, "I understand there are a number of bronze medals for distribution to soldiers of the late War, and I reqauest I be allowed one as a souvenir of memorable times past."

      LINCOLN FUNERAL GUARDS~Officers: (4)

        McCamly, James M. - CPT, Co A, 9th Vet Res Corps

        Durkee, Joseph H. - 1LT, Co E, 7th Vet Res Corps Murphy, Edward - 2LT, Co B, 10th Vet Res Corps

        Hoppy, Edward - 2LT, Co C, 12th Vet Res Corps

        LINCOLN FUNERAL GUARD~Enlisted (25) All were 1st Sergeants

          Barry, John P. - 1SG, Co A, 24th Vet Res Corps
          Bulock, Luther E. - 1SG, Co E, 9th Vet Res Corps
          Callaghan, Patrick - 1SG, Co H, 9th Vet Res Corps
          Carey, Frank - 1SG, Co H, 12th Vet Res Corps
          Carpenter, Samuel T. - 1SG, Co K, 7th Vet Res Corps
          Carr, Augustus E. - 1SG, Co D, 12th Vet Res Corps
          Collins, James - 1SG, Co D, 10th Vet Res Corps
          Cornwall, Addison - 1SG, Co I, 7th Vet Res Corps
          Daly, William F. - 1SG, Co A, 10th Vet Res Corps
          Durgin, William W. - 1SG, Co F, 10th Vet Res Corps
          Edwards, John R. - 1SG, Co E, 7th Vet Res Corps
          Forehand, Lloyd D. - 1SG, Co I, 18th Vet Res Corps
          Goodrich, George E. - 1SG, Co A, 12th Vet Res Corps
          Hanna, John - 1SG, Co B, 14th Vet Res Corps
          Karr, John - 1SG, Co D, 14th Vet Res Corps
          Lewis, Rufus W. - 1SG, Co E, 18th Vet Res Corps
          Marshall, A. Judson - 1SG, Co K, 9th Vet Res Corps
          Nelson, Jacob F. - 1SG, Co A, 9th Vet Res Corps
          Noble, William H. - 1SG, Co G, 12th Vet Res Corps
          Pardun, James M. - 1SG, Co K, 24th Vet Res Corps
          Sedgwick, Irviv M. - 1SG, Co H, 18th Vet Res Corps
          Smith, Frank T. - 1SG, Co C, 10th Vet Res Corps
          Smith, John P. - 1SG, Co I, 14th Vet Res Corps
          Swinehart, Chester - 1SG, Co D, 7th Vet Res Corps
          Wiseman, William H. - 1SG, Co E, 24th Vet Res Corps

          CAPT. ASA BIRD GARDINER

            Asa Bird Gardiner

            Residence was not listed; 21 years old. Enlisted on 5/21/1861 at New York City, NY as a 1st Lieutenant. On 5/27/1861 he was commissioned into "H" Co. NY 31st Infantry He Resigned on 8/7/1861 On 5/31/1862 he was commissioned into "I" Co. NY 22nd Infantry He was Mustered Out on 9/5/1862 at New York, NY On 6/18/1863 he was commissioned into "I" Co. NY 22nd Infantry He was Mustered Out on 7/24/1863 at New York, NY On 2/11/1865 he was commissioned into Veteran Reserve Corps He was Mustered Out on 8/13/1866 (Subsequent service in US Army from 07/20/1866 to 12/08/1888) He was listed as: Wounded 7/1/1863 Carlisle, PA Promotions: 1st Lieut 2/11/1865 (As of Veteran Reserve Corps) Capt 3/13/1865 by Brevet Medal of Honor Information: (Distingished services during the civil war)

            MAJOR WILLIAM H. LAMBERT

              Residence was not listed;
              Enlisted on 7/13/1863 as a 1st Lieutenant.

              On 11/11/1862 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NJ 27th Infantry
              He was Mustered Out on 7/2/1863 at Newark, NJ

              On 7/25/1863 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NJ 33rd Infantry
              He was Mustered Out on 7/17/1865 at Washington, DC

              Promotions:
              1st Lieut & Adj 11/11/1862 (As of 27th NJ Inf)
              1st Lieut 7/13/1863 (1st Lieut & Adjutant)
              Capt 12/20/1863 (As of Co. A)
              Major 3/13/1865 by Brevet

              He also had service in: NY Anderson Troop

              born in 1842
              died 7/1/1912 in Philadelphia, PA
              Buried: West Laurel Hill Cemetery 
              Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery Co, PA

              ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

              Civil War Union Army Officer. Captain, 33rd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. Brevetted Major. Civil War Union Army Officer. Captain of Company A, 27th New Jersey. One of the "Big Five" collectors of Lincoln. Born in Reading Pennsylvania, Lambert served as a soldier in the Civil War rising to the rank of Brevet Major. After the war he became manager of the New York Mutual Life Insurance Company's agency in Philadelphia, a post he held for 40 years. During this period he became a studious collector of Lincoln. His collection included several books from Lincoln's library, the bookcase, table, and chair from Lincoln's law office, as well as chairs from the White House library. Lambert also owned a large collection of manuscripts including twenty-two letters from Lincoln to Lyman Trumbull as well as his letter to Orville Browning explaining his revocation of John C. Fremont's emancipation proclamation in Missouri. Lambert's collection was partially destroyed in 1906 when a fire consumed the Lincoln law office and White House furniture as well as many of the books. Fortunately most of the manuscripts were in a safe at the time. Upon his death they were sold at Anderson Galleries in New York in 1914. The noted Lincoln collector writes to fellow collector Osborn Oldroyd in a series of five fine content Autograph Letters Signed, 5.5 x 9", 14p. total Philadelphia, dating between December 20, 1901 and January 27, 1908 concerning collecting and Lincoln, and reads in small part: "...[December 20, 1901] I was glad to receive copy of the book, I have read it with great interest... You have made a valuable contribution to the story for the Assassination and I hope to book will have large sale when a Second Edition is called for... [January 27, 1908] I had supposed I had fully solved the Ford's Theatre Play Bill - but I have received a letter from a correspondent in New York show states that some years ago H C Ford wrote him to the following Effect 'Polkinhorn first printed a play bill without mentioning the Presidents name after he accepted the invitation more play bills were printed in the afternoon to advise the public of Lincoln's visit' so there are two genuine play bills' - 'Both the Polkinhorn bills were authorized by Ford and both are genuine - these with or without the announcement of the President's visit ' - If the foregoing statements are correct, then there were three (3) genuine bills. For I think there can be no doubt that the one with the stanza of song is [illeg.] I now have copies of Each of the three, but had supposed the Polkinhorn bill with Lincoln's name was issued as a Souvenir after April 14. Apparently one [illeg.] the name was issued after that date. Can you give me any information on the subject..." Together with two 1912 typed letters from Lambert's secretary to Oldroyd concerning a debt of $150

              LT. STEPHEN D. PIERSON

                Stephen Pierson

                Residence was not listed; Enlisted on 9/3/1862 as a Corporal. On 10/16/1862 he mustered into "I" Co. NJ 27th Infantry He was Mustered Out on 7/2/1863 at Newark, NJ Promotions: Sergt 11/1/1862 2nd Lieut 3/4/1863 (As of Co. D) Intra Regimental Company Transfers: 4/23/1863 from company I to company D BURIED: Evergreen Cemetery
                Morristown
                Morris County
                New Jersey

                Col. Mark Fernald Wentworth

                  Mark Fernald Wentworth

                  Residence Kittery ME; a 42 year-old Physician. Enlisted on 9/19/1862 at Kittery, ME as a Lieut Colonel. On 9/19/1862 he was commissioned into Field & Staff ME 27th Infantry He was Mustered Out on 7/17/1863 at Portland, ME On 3/6/1864 he was commissioned into Field & Staff ME 32nd Infantry He Resigned on 10/18/1864 He was listed as: Wounded 7/30/1864 Petersburg, VA Promotions: Colonel 4/11/1863 Colonel 3/6/1864 (As of 32nd ME Inf) Brig-Gen 3/13/1865 by Brevet born 3/14/1820 in Kittery, MEdied 7/12/1897 in Kittery, ME BURIED: Wentworth Cemetery
                  Kittery
                  York County
                  Maine