1864 — COLORADO
Site of 1864 massacre of Indians dedicated:
After years of effort, the place where some 160 Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho were massacred 143 years ago by Colorado militia troops was dedicated as a national historic site. Tribal soldiers wore their uniforms as well as headdresses when they carried in the U.S. and other flags. In 1864, 700 state militia volunteers, hungry for blood in revenge for the killings of several settlers, attacked and killed scores of tribal members at the site and then burned their village. Many of those killed were elderly, women and children. At the time the militia members were regarded by many as heroes; today the episode is considered one of the West's most shameful chapters.