124th New York  Volunteer Infantry

124th New York Volunteer Infantry


The 124th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment commonly known as the Orange Blossoms was a volunteer regiment from Orange County New York during the American Civil War. Formed in Goshen during the summer of 1862 The unit was officially mustered into United States Service on September 5 1862 by Col. Augustus van Horne Ellis the regiment was made up of volunteers from the surrounding towns and a core of veterans from the 71st New York State Militia.

Stories about 124th New York Volunteer Infantry

124th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment "The Orange Blossoms"


    Organized at Goshen

    September 5

    Mustered in under Colonel A. Van Horne Ellis, Lt. Colonel Francis M. Cummins and Major James Cromwell

    September 6

    Left State for Washington, D.C.


    Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Piatt's Brigade, Whipple's Division, 3rd Army Corps

    October 18-19

    Moved to Point of Rocks, then to Pleasant Valley, Md. attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

    October 24-
    November 16

    Movement toward Warrenton, Va.

    November 5-6

    Reconnaissance to Manassas Gap

    November 18-24

    Movement to Falmouth, Va.,

    December 12-15

    Battle of Fredericksburg

    Four enlisted men captured or missing

    December 16

    Duty near Falmouth


    January 20-24

    "Mud March"


    Duty near Falmouth

    April 27-May 6

    Chancellorsville Campaign


    Colonel Ellis issued orange ribbons to the men to be worn in combat. This would remind them of their home in Orange County they were fighting for, help identify the men of the regiment to each other during the coming battle, and would result in their nickname of the Orange Blossoms.

    May 1-5

    Battle of Chancellorsville

    The regiment lost Lieutenant Henry Gowdy, 1 other oficer and 55 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captains David Christ, Henry Murray and Charles Weygant, Lieutenants William Brownson, Thomas Quick, Theodore Roberson, Daniel Sayer, Lewis Wisner and 135 enlisted men wounded, and 6 enlisted men missing or captured.

    Sergeant Thomas Bradley of Company H was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Chancellorsville on May 3 when he volunteered to run, alone and under heavy artillery and rifle fire, to obtain ammunition for the regiment. Bradley would be promoted to captain after the battle and serve as an aide to General Gershom Mott.

    June 9

    Beverly Ford and Brandy Station

    The regiment losr 2 enlisted men killed, Lieutenant John Houston and 11 enlisted men wounded, and 14 missing or captured.

    June 11-July 24

    Gettysburg Campaign. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps

    July 1-3

    Battle of Gettysburg

    The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Augustus Van Horne Ellis, whose figure tops the monument. In the thick of the fighting by the Devil's Den, Colonel Ellis ordered the staff's horses brought up and he, Major James Cromwell and Adjutant Henry Ramsdell mounted. When a captain protested that they were making targets of themselves Major Cromwell replied, "the men must see us today." Both he and Colonel Ellis were killed, but the 124th bought an hour's time for the south flank of the Army of the Potomac.

    Lieutenant Colonel Francis M. Cummins took over command of the regiment despite also being wounded.

    The 124th brought 279 men to the field and lost 28 killed, 57 wounded and 5 missing.

    From the monument:

    "The Orange Blossoms went into action on this spot with 18 officers and 220 men. Lost in killed and wounded 7 officers and 85 men.


    Col. A. Van Horn Ellis
    Captain Isaac Nicoll
    Sergt John D. Drake
    Corpl Jacob Lent
    Priv William Lamereaux
    Priv Benjamin F. Flagg
    Priv James Roke
    Priv William H. Cox
    Priv James E. Homan
    Priv Charles Edwards
    Priv James Partigton
    Priv William Whan
    Priv John Carroll
    Priv Cornelius S. Allen
    Priv George H. Stephens
    Priv Ambrose S. Holbert
    Priv Walter Barton

    Major James Cromwell
    Lieut J. Milner Brown
    Corpl Orlando U. Knapp
    Corpl Isaac Decker
    Priv Harrison Storms
    Priv Robert J. Holland
    Priv John Glanz
    Priv James Pemberton
    Priv John W. Leeper
    Priv James B. Moore
    Priv Hezekiah Harris
    Priv John Scott
    Priv Amsey W. Quick
    Priv Isaac G. Gillson
    Priv William D. Dawkins
    Priv. William Campbell

    July 5-24

    Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.

    July 23

    Wapping Heights, Va.

    The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 1 wounded

    August - October

    Duty on line of the Rappahannock and the Rapidan

    September 16

    Captain Charles Weygant of Company C promoted to major with rank from July 2

    October 6

    Major Wegant was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Henry S. Murray of Company B promoted to major

    October 9-22

    Bristoe Campaign

    November 7-8

    Advance to line of the Rappahannock

    November 7

    Kelly's Ford

    November 26-
    December 2

    Mine Run Campaign

    November 27

    Payne's Farm

    November 28-30

    Mine Run

    The regiment lost 2 enlisted men mortally wounded and 14 wounded.


    Duty near Brandy Station


    February 6-7

    Demonstration on the Rapidan

    February 11

    Lt. Colonel Cummins promoted to colonel


    Transferred to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps

    May 3-June 15

    Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

    May 5-7

    Battle of the Wilderness

    The regiment lost 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Colonel Cummins and 48 enlisted men wounded and 1 enlisted man missing or captured

    May 8

    Laurel Hill

    May 8-12


    May 10

    Po River

    May 12-21

    Spottsylvania Court House

    The regiment lost 1 officer killed, 19 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lt. Colonel Wegant and 6 enlisted men were wounded, and Lieutenant Charles Stewart and 6 enlisted men were missing or captured.

    May 12

    Assault on the Salient "Bloody Angle"

    Captain James Benedict and Lieutenants Edward Carmick, John Houston, William Mapes and Charles Wood were wounded

    May 19

    Harris Farm, or Fredericksburg Road

    May 23-26

    North Anna River

    May 26-28

    On line of the Pamunkey

    May 28-31


    Captain David Crist was killed

    June 1-12

    Battle of Cold Harbor

    The regiment lost 1 officer and 2 enlisted men wounded

    June 16-18

    Assault on Petersburg

    The regiment lost 1 officer and 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 16 enlisted men wounded, and 1 man missing

    June 16

    Siege of Petersburg begins

    Lieutenant William Benjamin is wounded.

    June 18

    Captain William Jackson killed at Petersburg

    June 22-23

    Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad

    July 14

    Lieutenant Charles Cressy died of fever in the hospital at Daavids Island, New YOrk

    July 27-29

    Demonstration north of the James

    July 27-28

    Deep Bottom

    August 13-20

    Demonstration on north side of the James

    August 14-18

    Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

    The regiment lost Captain William Mapes and 2 enlisted men wounded

    September 19

    Colonel Cummins was discharged for his wound at the Wilderness

    September 29-
    October 2

    Poplar Springs Church

    October 22

    Lieutenant Jonathan Birdsall killed in camp

    October 27-28

    Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run

    The regiment lost Lieutenant James Finnigan and 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lt. Colonel Weygant, Captain Edward Carmick, Lieutenants Thomas Bradley and Ebenezer Holbert and 7 enlisted men wounded and 2 men missing

    December 9-10

    Raid on Weldon Railroad


    January 11

    Lt. Colonel Weygant was promoted to colonel. Major Murray, in Confederate prison, was promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank from September 19, 1864 and Captain James Benedict of Company D was promoted to major. None of the officers were mustered at their new rank, however.

    February 5-7

    Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run

    March 25

    Watkins' House

    The regiment was attacked early in the evening. Lt. Colonel Charles Weygant allowed the attackers to advance within 80 yards of the field works, when the regiment opened fire and drove them back. They then counterattacked, capturing the the battle flag of the 59th Alabama and dispersing the attackers.

    March 28-April 9

    Appomattox Campaign

    The regiment lost Captain Edward Carmick and 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant John King and 20 enlisted men wounded and 2 men missing

    March 29-31

    Boydton and White Oak Roads

    March 31

    Crow's House

    April 2

    Fall of Petersburg

    April 6

    Sailor's Creek

    April 7

    High Bridge and Farmville

    April 9

    Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.


    At Burkesville

    May 2-12

    Moved to Washington, D.C.

    May 23

    Grand Review

    June 3

    Mustered out under Colonel Weygant, Lieutenant Colonel Murray. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 93rd New York Infantry.

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    26 Nov 2014
    27 Nov 2014
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