Organized at Goshen
Mustered in under Colonel A. Van Horne Ellis, Lt. Colonel Francis M. Cummins and Major James Cromwell
Left State for Washington, D.C.
Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Piatt's Brigade, Whipple's Division, 3rd Army Corps
Moved to Point of Rocks, then to Pleasant Valley, Md. attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
Movement toward Warrenton, Va.
Reconnaissance to Manassas Gap
Movement to Falmouth, Va.,
Battle of Fredericksburg
Four enlisted men captured or missing
Duty near Falmouth
Duty near Falmouth
April 27-May 6
Colonel Ellis issued orange ribbons to the men to be worn in combat. This would remind them of their home in Orange County they were fighting for, help identify the men of the regiment to each other during the coming battle, and would result in their nickname of the Orange Blossoms.
The regiment lost Lieutenant Henry Gowdy, 1 other oficer and 55 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captains David Christ, Henry Murray and Charles Weygant, Lieutenants William Brownson, Thomas Quick, Theodore Roberson, Daniel Sayer, Lewis Wisner and 135 enlisted men wounded, and 6 enlisted men missing or captured.
Sergeant Thomas Bradley of Company H was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Chancellorsville on May 3 when he volunteered to run, alone and under heavy artillery and rifle fire, to obtain ammunition for the regiment. Bradley would be promoted to captain after the battle and serve as an aide to General Gershom Mott.
Beverly Ford and Brandy Station
The regiment losr 2 enlisted men killed, Lieutenant John Houston and 11 enlisted men wounded, and 14 missing or captured.
June 11-July 24
Gettysburg Campaign. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps
The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Augustus Van Horne Ellis, whose figure tops the monument. In the thick of the fighting by the Devil's Den, Colonel Ellis ordered the staff's horses brought up and he, Major James Cromwell and Adjutant Henry Ramsdell mounted. When a captain protested that they were making targets of themselves Major Cromwell replied, "the men must see us today." Both he and Colonel Ellis were killed, but the 124th bought an hour's time for the south flank of the Army of the Potomac.
Lieutenant Colonel Francis M. Cummins took over command of the regiment despite also being wounded.
The 124th brought 279 men to the field and lost 28 killed, 57 wounded and 5 missing.
From the monument:
"The Orange Blossoms went into action on this spot with 18 officers and 220 men. Lost in killed and wounded 7 officers and 85 men.
Col. A. Van Horn Ellis
Captain Isaac Nicoll
Sergt John D. Drake
Corpl Jacob Lent
Priv William Lamereaux
Priv Benjamin F. Flagg
Priv James Roke
Priv William H. Cox
Priv James E. Homan
Priv Charles Edwards
Priv James Partigton
Priv William Whan
Priv John Carroll
Priv Cornelius S. Allen
Priv George H. Stephens
Priv Ambrose S. Holbert
Priv Walter Barton
Major James Cromwell
Lieut J. Milner Brown
Corpl Orlando U. Knapp
Corpl Isaac Decker
Priv Harrison Storms
Priv Robert J. Holland
Priv John Glanz
Priv James Pemberton
Priv John W. Leeper
Priv James B. Moore
Priv Hezekiah Harris
Priv John Scott
Priv Amsey W. Quick
Priv Isaac G. Gillson
Priv William D. Dawkins
Priv. William Campbell
Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
Wapping Heights, Va.
The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 1 wounded
August - October
Duty on line of the Rappahannock and the Rapidan
Captain Charles Weygant of Company C promoted to major with rank from July 2
Major Wegant was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Henry S. Murray of Company B promoted to major
Advance to line of the Rappahannock
Mine Run Campaign
The regiment lost 2 enlisted men mortally wounded and 14 wounded.
Duty near Brandy Station
Demonstration on the Rapidan
Lt. Colonel Cummins promoted to colonel
Transferred to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 3-June 15
Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
The regiment lost 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Colonel Cummins and 48 enlisted men wounded and 1 enlisted man missing or captured
The regiment lost 1 officer killed, 19 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lt. Colonel Wegant and 6 enlisted men were wounded, and Lieutenant Charles Stewart and 6 enlisted men were missing or captured.
Assault on the Salient "Bloody Angle"
Captain James Benedict and Lieutenants Edward Carmick, John Houston, William Mapes and Charles Wood were wounded
Harris Farm, or Fredericksburg Road
North Anna River
On line of the Pamunkey
Captain David Crist was killed
The regiment lost 1 officer and 2 enlisted men wounded
The regiment lost 1 officer and 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 16 enlisted men wounded, and 1 man missing
Lieutenant William Benjamin is wounded.
Captain William Jackson killed at Petersburg
Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
Lieutenant Charles Cressy died of fever in the hospital at Daavids Island, New YOrk
Demonstration north of the James
Demonstration on north side of the James
Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom
The regiment lost Captain William Mapes and 2 enlisted men wounded
Colonel Cummins was discharged for his wound at the Wilderness
Poplar Springs Church
Lieutenant Jonathan Birdsall killed in camp
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run
The regiment lost Lieutenant James Finnigan and 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lt. Colonel Weygant, Captain Edward Carmick, Lieutenants Thomas Bradley and Ebenezer Holbert and 7 enlisted men wounded and 2 men missing
Raid on Weldon Railroad
Lt. Colonel Weygant was promoted to colonel. Major Murray, in Confederate prison, was promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank from September 19, 1864 and Captain James Benedict of Company D was promoted to major. None of the officers were mustered at their new rank, however.
Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run
The regiment was attacked early in the evening. Lt. Colonel Charles Weygant allowed the attackers to advance within 80 yards of the field works, when the regiment opened fire and drove them back. They then counterattacked, capturing the the battle flag of the 59th Alabama and dispersing the attackers.
March 28-April 9
The regiment lost Captain Edward Carmick and 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant John King and 20 enlisted men wounded and 2 men missing
Boydton and White Oak Roads
Fall of Petersburg
High Bridge and Farmville
Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.
Moved to Washington, D.C.
Mustered out under Colonel Weygant, Lieutenant Colonel Murray. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 93rd New York Infantry.