The Red River Campaign began on 10 March 1864 and lasted until 22 May that same year. Despite being outnumbered by the Union, Taylor led the Confederacy to victory. He rose to command when his superior officers, Alfred Mouton and Thomas Green, were killed. Taylor was hesitant and wanted to be relieved from his position because he did not trust his superior officer Edmund Kirby Smith. Smith had taken 5,000 of Taylor's men to try and head off the Union (led by General Frederick Steele) in Arkansas. He left Taylor with one infantry division and the cavalry. Steele's men never showed up as Smith planned due to holdups with other Confederate battles. Taylor did his best to defend the Red River Valley, which led to success.