3rd Indiana Cavalry Regiment

3rd Indiana Cavalry Regiment

ORGANIZATION

The 3rd Regiment Indiana Cavalry also designated the 45th Regiment Indiana Infantry or the 45th Regiment Indiana Volunteers was a military unit from the U.S. state of Indiana that participated in the American Civil War. It consisted of two separate "wings" that never operated together The 3rd Regiment Indiana Cavalry (East Wing) (or Right Wing) consisting of Companies A B C D E and F organized at Madison Indiana August 22 1861 that were intended for service with the 1st Regiment Indiana Cavalry. On October 22 the six companies were designated the 3rd Cavalry and assigned to the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater of the war. The East Wing saw action at the Battle of Antietam. The 3rd Regiment Indiana Cavalry (West Wing) (or Left Wing) consisting of Companies G H I K L and M. The first four companies were organized at Madison on October 1 1861. In December they were assigned to the Army of the Ohio. Company L organized in October 1862 and Company M organized in December 1862 later joined the unit in Eastern Tennessee. The West Wing saw action at the Battle of Chickamauga. In December 1864 the West Wing companies were transferred to the 8th Regiment Indiana Cavalry.

    Third Indiana Cavalry Regiment

    The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

    1861

    August 22

    Right Wing (Cos. A, B, C, D, E and F) organized at Madison, Ind. for 1st Cavalry

    September

    Moved to Washington, D.C.

    October 22

    Designated 3rd Cavalry; Attached to Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac under the command of Colonel Scott Carter and Major George Chapman; Duty at Budd's Ferry, Md.

    November 8

    Capt. Jacob S. Buchanan of Company A becomes lieutenant colonel.

    December

    Assigned to duty in Lower Maryland by Detachments

    December 15

    Capture of Sloop "Victory"

    December

    Companies A, B and F in St. Mary's County, Company "E" at Maryland Point and Port Tobacco

    1862

    March

    Lower Maryland, Middle Department

    Charles Chase becomes major

    May

    Attached to Geary's Independent Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock

    May 3

    Regiment moved to Washington, D.C.

    May 25

    To Thoroughfare Gap, Va.

    May 28

    Action at Wardensville

    June

    Attached to Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock

    June 16

    Joined Shield's Command at Luray and movement to Front Royal

    July

    Attached to Farnsworth's 2nd Brigade, Pleasanton's Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac

    July

    At Bristoe Station

    July 7

    At Falmouth, Va.

    July 19

    Major Chase resigns, and is replaced by Robert Klein

    July 23

    Action at Mt. Carmel Church

    July 24-26

    Reconnaissance to Orange Court House

    August 5-8

    Expedition to Frederick's Hall Station and Spottsylvania Court House

    August 5-6

    Thornburg's Mills and Massaponax Church

    August 26

    Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia. Centreville

    August 29-30

    Battle of Bull Run

    August 31

    Centreville and Chantilly

    September - October

    Maryland Campaign

    September 7-8

    Poolesville, Md.

    September 9

    Nolansville

    September 9

    Barnesville and Monocacy Church

    September 10-11

    Sugar Loaf Mountain

    September 13

    Catoctin Mountain and Middletown

    September 14

    South Mountain

    September 16-17

    Battle of Antietam

    September 19

    Shephardstown Ford

    October 1

    Reconnaissance to Martinsburg and Shephardstown, W. Va.

    October 9-12

    Pursuit of Stuart into Pennsylvania

    October 12

    Mouth of Monocacy

    October 24

    Lt. Colonel Buchanan resigns and is replaced by George Champan; Captain William S. McClure of Company E becomes major.

    November

    Attached to 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac

    November 1-2

    Philomont

    November 2-3

    Union

    November 2-3

    Upperville and Bloomfield

    November 5-6

    Barber's Cross Roads

    November 7

    Waterloo Bridge

    November 8

    Little Washington

    December 12-15

    Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.

    1863

    January 20-24

    "Mud March"

    February

    Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

    March 11

    Colonel Carter resigns; George Chapman becomes colonel, Robert Kline lieutenant colonel and

    Captain Charles Lemon of Company C major.

    April 14

    Rearguard at Freeman's Ford. Lost 26 casualties withdrawing under attack across the rising Rappahannock River

    April 27 - May 6

    Chancellorsville Campaign

    April 29-May 8

    Stoneman's Raid

    May 1

    Rapidan Station

    May 29

    William Patton becomes major

    June 9

    Brandy Station and Beverly Ford

    June 21

    Upperville and Middleburg

    July 1-3

    Battle of Gettysburg

    The regiment was commanded by Colonel George H. Chapman, and was combined for the Gettysburg campaign with the 12th Illinois Cavalry. The 3rd brought 313 men to the field, of whom 6 were killed, 21 wounded and 5 missing, including Major Charles Lemon, mortally wounded on July 1st.

    July 6

    Williamsport, Md.

    July 8

    Boonsboro

    July 9

    Benevola (or Beaver Creek)

    July 10-13

    Funkstown

    July 14

    Falling Waters

    July 21-22

    Chester Gap

    July 31-August 1

    Kelly's Ford

    August 1-3 and 4

    Brandy Station

    September 13-17

    Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

    September 13

    Culpeper Court House

    September 14-16

    Raccoon Ford

    September 21-23

    Reconnaissance across the Rapidan

    September 22

    Jack's Shop, Madison Court House

    September 22

    Raccoon Ford

    October 9-22

    Rapidan Campaign

    October 10

    Raccoon and Morton's Fords

    October 11

    Stevensburg, near Kelly's Ford, and Brandy Station

    October 12

    Brandy Station, or Fleetwood

    October 15

    Oak Hill

    October 25-26

    Near Bealeton

    November 1

    Catlett's Station

    November 7-8

    Advance to line of the Rappahannock

    November 8

    Muddy Run, Culpeper

    November 26

    Mine Run Campaign

    November 29

    Parker's Store

    1864

    January 20

    Scout from Culpeper to Madison Court House

    February 6-7

    Demonstration on the Rapidan; Barnett's Ford

    February 28 - March 4

    Kilpatrick's Raid to Richmond

    March 1

    Fortifications of Richmond, Hanover Junction and Ashland

    April

    Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

    March 4

    Captain Benjamin Q. A. Gresham of Company B promoted to major

    May-June

    Rapidan Campaign

    May 4

    Near Chancellorsville

    May 5

    Craig's Meeting House

    May 5-7

    Wilderness

    May 8

    Alsop's Farm, Spottsylvania

    May 9-24

    Sheridan's Raid to the James River

    May 9-10

    North Anna River

    May 11

    Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern

    May 12

    Brook Church (or Richmond Fortifications)

    May 26

    Demonstration on Little Run

    May 26-28

    On line of the Pamunkey

    May 27

    Salem Church

    May 28-31

    Totopotomoy

    May 31

    Mechump's Creek

    June 1-12

    Cold Harbor

    June 2

    Totopotomoy, Gaines' Mill, Salem Church and Haw's Shop

    June 3

    Haw's Shop and near Via's House

    June 12

    Long Bridge

    June 13

    Riddell's Shop

    June 13

    White Oak Swamp

    June - August

    Siege of Petersburg

    June 22

    Ream's Station

    June 22-30

    Wilson's Raid to Southside & Danville R. R.

    June 23

    Nottaway Court House and Black and White Station

    June 24

    Captain George H. Thompson of Company E and Alfred Gadis promoted to major

    June 25

    Staunton River Bridge (or Roanoke Station)

    June 28-29

    Sappony Church (or Stony Creek)

    June 29

    Ream's Station

    June 30

    Jarrett's Station

    June 30 - July 3

    Ream's Station

    July 7 and 22

    Ream's Station

    July 21

    Colonel Chapman is promoted to Brigadier General

    August 7 - 
    November 28

    Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign; Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division

    August 17

    Winchester

    August 25

    Near Kearneysville

    September 7

    Near Brucetown and Winchester

    September 19

    Battle of Opequan, Winchester

    September 20

    Near Cedarville

    September 21

    Front Royal

    September 22

    Milford

    September 29 
    and October 2

    Waynesboro

    October 7

    Back Road, near Strasburg

    November 10

    Near Kernstown

    November 12

    Newtown

    November 22

    Cedar Creek and Rude's Hill, near New Market

    December 19-22

    Expedition from Kernstown to Lacey Springs

    December 21

    Lacey Springs

    1865

    February 27 - 
    March 25

    Sheridan's Raid from Winchester

    March 2

    Waynesboro

    March 15

    Ashland

    March 28

    Appomattox Campaign

    March 30-31

    Dinwiddie Court House

    April 1

    Five Forks

    April 3

    Deep Creek

    April 5

    Sailor's Creek

    April 8

    Appomattox Station

    April 9

    Appomattox Court House; Surrender of Lee and his army.

    May 23

    Grand Review at Washington. D.C.

    June

    Moved to Louisville, Ky.

    August 7

    Mustered out


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    Created:
    April 8, 2014
    Modified:
    April 8, 2014
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