Private William A. Fair was born ca. 1841 in Georgia.
In 1860 he was living near Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia, at his father Peter’s residence along with his mother; he was the fourth of seven children, all boys. His profession was harness maker, and he had a personal worth of $25.
He enlisted in Davidson’s Company on March 12th, 1862 at Quincy, Gadsden County, Florida. On August 8th, 1863 he was transferred to Company A, 3rd Regiment Engineer Troops (CSA), and served as an “Artificer”, attached to General Simon Bolivar Buckner’s Corps.
 At this time in military history, anyone in the battery that had a specialized job, ie: blacksmith, farrier, leatherworker, etc., was considered an “artificer”. As an experienced harness maker before the war, in it is not unlikely that William’s skills in that capacity may have been more valuable than as a rifleman.(see Part I, Article I, pg. 4 of “INSTRUCTION FOR FIELD ARTILLERY”. French, Barry & Hunt (Board of Artillery Officers), 1861, J. B. Lippencott & Co., Philadelphia.)