Private Elias Joshua Edenfield was born ca. 1842 in Georgia. In 1860, he was living at the residence of James Rowan and family in the Tologee District of Gadsden County, Florida. His profession is given as laborer.
In 1861, he enlisted in Captain Rabon Scarborough’s Florida State Militia Company, the “Dixie Blues”. He reenlisted into Confederate service on April 17, 1862 at Chattahoochee, Gadsden County, Florida in Captain Davidson’s Company by Captain Davidson for a period of 3 years.
He was present with the company from his enlistment until February 10th, 1864 when he was hospitalized under Surgeon’s order at Walker Hospital at Columbus, Georgia. He remained there until rejoining his company on March 30th.
He was wounded by a shell fragment in left leg at Atlanta on July 22nd, 1864, and hospitalized on July 27th at the Marshall Hospital at Columbus, Georgia; then transferred to the 1st Mississippi C.S.A. Hospital at Jackson, Mississippi, where he was admitted for “haemorrhagia” (heavy bleeding) on August 20th. He returned to the company on September 18th, 1864. He surrendered at Tallahassee on May 10, 1865, and was paroled there on May 18, 1865. He returned to Grady County, Georgia and married Anna Kirkland (née Kennedy) on November 4th, 1866. He is recorded to have lived in Mitchell County, Georgia in 1870, but returned to Grady County prior to 1906. He applied for and was awarded a Georgia Confederate Pension.
He died after 1907; the actual date of death and place of interment is unknown.