Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Army 1
Colonel 2
1835 2
Michigan 2
30 Sep 1864 2
Battle of Peebles Farm 2

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Personal Details

Full Name:
Norval E Welch 1
1835 2
Michigan 2
30 Sep 1864 2
Battle of Peebles Farm 2

Civil War (Union) 1

Army 1
Colonel 2
F&S 1
Discharge Rank:
Col 1
Enlistment Rank:
Maj 1
Military Unit:
16th Infantry 1
Michigan 1

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  1. Civil War Service Index - Union - Michigan [See image]
  2. Contributed by bruceyrock632


Norval E. Welch was born in Michigan about 1835. Raised in the Ann Arbor area, he studied law at the University of Michigan, graduating in 1860 with the very first law department class. On August 22, 1861, he enlisted to serve in the Civil War as an officer, and eventually was promoted to the rank of Full Colonel on May 18, 1863. He commanded the 16th Michigan Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg, successfully defending Little Round Top on July 2, 1863. He was killed in action at the Battle of Peebles’ Farm, Poplar Grove Church, Virginia, on Sept. 30, 1864

The 16th Michigan at the Battle of Gettysburg

From the front of the monument:


Sixteenth Mich. Inf'ty
3rd Brig. 1st. Div. 
5th Corps


From the back:


Mustered in at Detroit, Mich. Sept. 8, 1861.
Mustered out at Jeffersonville, Ind. July 8, 1865.

Total enrollment 2318 offices & men
Killed in action 10 officers, 155 men
Died of wounds 2 officers, 48 men.
Died of disease 128 men. Total 348.

Participated in 52 skirmishes and general engagements from Yorktown, Va. May 4, 1862 to Appomattox, Va., April 9, 1865 and was one of the regiments detailed to receive Lee's Army with its arms and flags on April 9, 1865.


Regiment held this position during the afternoon and night of July 2, 1863, and assisted in defeating the desperate attempts of the enemy to capture Little Round Top.


Present for duty 17 officers, 339 men total 356. Casualties: 3 officers 20 men killed, 2 officers 32 men wounded, 3 men missing. Total 60.

Report of Lieut. Col. Norval E. Welch, Sixteenth Michigan Infantry.


July 6, 1863.


LIEUTENANT: In reply to circular of this date from brigade headquarters, as to the part this regiment sustained in the action of July 2 and 3, I have the honor to report:


The regiment, under my command, lay with the Third Brigade, First Division, Fifth Corps, closed in mass, near and in rear of Gettysburg, to the left of the main road, during most of the day. The brigade was commanded by Col. Strong Vincent,Eighty-third Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers.


About 4 p.m. we moved rapidly to the extreme left of our line of battle, and went into position on the left of the brigade, at that time circling the crest of a high rocky hill. After deploying two of my largest companies as skirmishers–Brady's Sharpshooters from the left, and Company A from the right–I was ordered at double-quick to the right of the brigade, and to take my position on the right of the Forty-fourth New York. Before this could be accomplished, we were under a heavy fire of the enemy’s infantry. We succeeded, however, in securing our places after some loss.


We remained in this position nearly half an hour, when some one (supposed to be General Weed or Major-General Sykes) called from the extreme crest of the hill to fall back nearer the top, where a much less exposed line could be taken up. This order was not obeyed, except by single individuals. From some misconstruction of orders, and entirely unwarrantable assumption of authority, Lieutenant Kydd ordered the colors back. None left with them, however, but three of the color-guard. They followed the brigade colors to where Colonel Vincent, after being wounded, had been carried, where they remained all night, joining the regiment in the morning with 45 men, who had left the field during and after the fight. All the remainder of the regiment retained their position until relieved.


The two companies sent out as skirmishers numbered about 50. The number of muskets taken in line was about 150; the number killed and wounded 59–21 killed. Several wounded have since died.


On the 3d, we took up a new line farther to the right, at the left of the brigade, and remained on our arms for twenty-four hours.


Captain Elliott and Adjutant Jacklin behaved with their usual gallantry. Captain Partridge, Lieutenants Borgman (wounded), Woodruff, Forsyth, Cameron (wounded, with arm amputated), Swart, Graham, Salter, and Captain Chandler, behaved nobly and handled their men with coolness and valor. Lieutenants Browne, Company E, Jewett, Company K, and Borden, Company F, died, bravely defending the flag they had sworn to support and that they loved in their hearts, and emulating the bravest. I had no truer or purer officers, and their loss cannot be replaced.


Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Lieutenant-Colonel, Commanding Regiment.

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