The 22 Marine Regiment (Reinforced) became the first regiment organized for "independent" duty during World War II. The regiment consisted of three infantry battalians (1st, 2nd, and 3rd) and a headquarters company. Initially, the regiment also had the 2nd Seperate Pack Howitzer Battalian, which was assigned to the 15th Marine Regiment upon its formation at Guadalcanal on September 7, 1944.
The regiment shipped out from Hawaii destined for combat as a reserve force for the 4th Marine Division at Roi Namur (Marshall Islands). They were not used in the assaults on Roi Namur or Kwajalein, but did assault the Eniwetok Atoll in concert with the 106th Infantry Regiment in February 1944.
In late April, the regiment departed for Guadalcanal to train for action on Guam. On July 21, 1944, the 22nd Marine Regiment, part of the 1st Marine Provisional Brigade, landed on Guam. The Battle of Guam lasted from July 21 to August 10, 1944. The 22nd Marine Regiment lost 271 killed in action or died from wounds received and 876 wounded. PFC Winfred D. Wells was one of those killed in action. The 22nd Marine Regiment received its second Navy Citation award for their performance.
Excerpted and edited from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia