William Eustis

William Eustis

US Revolutionary War · US Army

Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) 23 Feb 1825, Wed • Page 3

    William Eustis

      William Eustis was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on June 10, 1753, and graduated from Harvard University. Eustis began his national service during the Revolutionary War, relying on a medical education to serve as a surgeon with the Continental Army. Following the war, Eustis began his own practice, and for two more years he served with federal troops as a surgeon during Shays' Rebellion (1786-1787). Entering politics in 1788, Eustis earned a seat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, serving until 1794. Gaining experience with the national legislature as well, Eustis twice represented Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives (1801-1805 and 1820-1823), serving as chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs during the second stretch. Four years after his initial spell with Congress, Eustis accepted an offer from President James Madison to become U.S. secretary of war, holding that office from 1809 to 1812. In 1814, Eustis became U.S. minister to the Netherlands, and he remained overseas until 1818. He became governor of Massachusetts in 1823 and died while in office, on February 6, 1825.

      Eustis

        WILLIAM EUSTIS was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 10 June 1753; studied at the Boston Latin School in preparation for college; graduated from Harvard College in 1772; studied medicine under Dr. Joseph Warren; helped care for the wounded at Bunker Hill, where Warren was killed; served in the Revolutionary Army as surgeon of the artillery regiment at Cambridge and then as a hospital surgeon; entered practice in Boston after the war; served as surgeon with the Shays�s Rebellion expedition, 1786�1787; became vice president of the Society of the Cincinnati, serving from 1786 to 1810 and again in 1820; served in the Massachusetts legislature (General Court), 1788�1794; was a member of the Governor�s Council for two years; served two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1801�1804, having won close races over Josiah Quincy and John Quincy Adams; married Caroline Langdon, 1810; served as Secretary of War, 7 March 1809�13 January 1813; attempted to prepare the Army before the outbreak of the War of 1812, and resigned in the face of criticism following American reverses on the battlefield; was appointed minister to Holland by President Madison, serving from 1814 to 1818; returned home because of ill health; purchased and resided in the historic Shirley Mansion in Roxbury, Massachusetts; was again elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, 1820�1823; ran unsuccessfully for governor of Massachusetts in 1820, 1821, and 1822; was elected governor of Massachusetts and served two terms, 1823�1825; died in Boston while governor, on 6 February 1825.