The first Regiment tendered to the government by any state
April 29, 1861
Organized under first call at Fort Snelling, Minn., and mustered in for three months
May 10, to date from April 29
Reorganized for three years service
Companies B and G moved to Fort Ridgly, Minn
Company A moved to Fort Ripley
Company E moved to Fort Ripley
Companies C and D moved to Fort Abercrombie
Regiment reunited at Fort Snelling under orders for Washington, D. C.
Moved to Washington, D.C.
To Alexandria. Attached to Franklin's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia
Advance on Manassas, Va.
Battle of Bull Run
Attached to Stone's Brigade, Division of the Potomac
Moved to Seneca Mills, Md.
To near Edward's Ferry, duty guarding Upper Potomac
Operations about Ball's Bluff
Battle of Ball's Bluff
Leesburg Road (2 Cos.)
Goose Creek and near Edward's Ferry
February 25-March 15
Advance toward Winchester, Va.; At Bolivar Heights
Moved to Washington and Alexandria
March 22-April 1
thence to Hampton, Va.
April 5-May 4
Siege of Yorktown
Advance to the Chickahominy
Built Grape Vine Bridge
May 31-June 1
Battle of Fair Oaks
June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond
Peach Orchard, Allen's Farm and Savage Station
White Oak swamp and Glendale
July 1 and August 5
At Harrison's Landing
Moved to Alexandria, then march to Centerville
Cover Pope's retreat to Washington
Near Chantilly and Flint River
Battles of South Mountain
March to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., and duty there
Reconnaissance to Charlestown
March up Loudon Valley and to Falmouth, Va.
Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.
April 27-May 6
April 29-May 2
Operations about Franklin's Crossing
Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
June 12-July 24
Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign
Colonel Colville's horse is killed by Stuart's Horse Artillery in a skirmsh
Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment entered the field 420 strong, of whom 32 men (Company L) were serving as skirmishers and 56 men (Company C) were detached to the division during the famous charge. Fifty men were killed, 173 wounded and 1 missing.
Colonel William Colville led the men into action and was wounded during the charge on July 2nd. Captain Nathan Messick took over command only to be killed the next day during the repulse of Pickett's Charge. He was followed in command by Captain Wilson B. Farrell, also killed at this time, and finally by Captain Henry C. Coates.
From the main monument at Gettysburg:
"On the afternoon of July 2, 1863 Sickles Third Corps having advanced from this line to the Emmitsburg road eight companies of the First Minnesota regiment numbering 262 men were sent to this place to support a battery. Upon Sickles' repulse as his men were passing here in confused retreat two Confederate brigades in pursuit were crossing the swale.To gain time to bring up the reserves and save this position General Hancock in person ordered the eight companies to charge the rapidly advancing enemy. The order was instantly repeated by Col. Wm. Colville and the charge instantly made down the slope at full speed through the concentrate fire of the two brigades breaking with the bayonet the enemy's front line as it was crossing the small brook in the low ground. There the remnant of the eight companies nearly surrounded by the enemy held its entire force at bay for a considerable timeand till it retired on the approach of the reserve the charge successfully accomplished its object. It saved the position and probably the battlefield. The loss of the eight companies in the charge was 215 killed and wounded, more than 85 percent. 47 men were still in line and no missing. In self-sacrificing desperate valor this charge has no parallel in any war. The next day the regiment participated in repelling Pickett's charge losing 17 more men killed and wounded."
From the smaller monument: "On July 3d, 1863 the survivors of this regiment aided here in repelling Picketts Charge and ran hence to the aid of Webb's Brigade taking a conspicuous part in the counter-charge which successfully ended the conflict. Losing then17 additional killed and wounded and capturing a Confederate flag. There Captains Nathan S. Messick and Wilson B. Farrel successively commanding the regiment were killed. Total killed and wounded in the battle 232 out of 330 engaged."
Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
July 31-August 15
At Kelly's Ford, Va.
Detached for duty in New York during draft disturbances
Rejoined Brigade near Culpeper
Advance to line of the Rappahannock
At Kelly's Ford
Mine Run Campaign
Camp at Stevensburg, Va.
Ordered home for muster out
Dept. of the Northwest
Moved to Fort Snelling, Minn., and duty there until
Mustered out; expiration of term
Veterans and Recruits organized into two Companies as 1st Minnesota Battalion Infantry. At Fort Snelling, Minn.
Moved to Washington, D.C.,then to White House
Joined 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac at Cold Harbor, Va.
Moved to Petersburg, Va.
Assaults on Petersburg
Siege of Petersburg begins
Jerusalem Plank Road
Demonstration north of the James
Demonstration north of the James
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run
Raid on Weldon Railroad
Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run
March 28-April 9
Hatcher's Run, Boydton Road
Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg
Pursuit of Lee
High Bridge and Farmville
Appomattox Court House, surrender of Lee and his army
March to Washington, D.C.
Moved to Louisville and duty there