29 Jul 1842 1
Shelby County Indiana 1
28 Oct 1909 1
Mulhall Oklahoma 1

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29 Jul 1842 1
Shelby County Indiana 1
Male 1
28 Oct 1909 1
Mulhall Oklahoma 1
Father: Joseph Belless 1

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Amos Belless

Belless, Amos—Enlisted 7 March 1865, 23 years old, as a musician in Co. I, 18th Infantry Cons. 

Description at enlistment: 5’5” tall; dark hair; gray eyes; born in Shelby County, Indiana. 

Mustered out 16 December 1865 at Pine Bluff, Arkansas

Belless, Amos—Civil War Pension Application, National Archives, Washington, DC: Son of 

Joseph Belless, brother of Walter Belless. Married Mary Jane Azbell 18 April 1863 in Fulton 

County, Illinois. They had two daughters. A medical examination in 1874 indicated that he was 

5’5” tall; 116 pounds, and 32 years old. 

Joseph Belless, his father, asked for an insanity hearing in 1877, and Amos was judged to be 

insane and sent to the Illinois Central Hospital for the Insane in Jacksonville, Illinois. In 1879, 

Walter Belless wrote from Duncan’s Mills: 

To Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC 

In reply to yours of May 16th, 1879, will say that Amos Belless is my youngest 

brother. I enlisted in the Union Army 1862, was in the service 3 years. Before I 

enlisted Amos Belless was a very healthy young man, he enlisted before I returned 

from the Army. I can not find that he ever complained before he was in the Army. 

Since he has been at home, during 1877 he was about one year in the Insane 

Asylum at Jacksonville Ills. He was discharged a little over one year ago and was 

able to work some but this spring his ability to work began to grow less daily until 

he was again sent to the Insane Asylum at Jacksonville, Ills., where he now is. 

Amos Belless is a respected member of society in the neighborhood where he 

lived and there is a good deal of sympathy in his favor. He has a wife and two 

daughters in his family. I believe his partial derangement of mind is caused by 

his being afflicted with the piles, or hemorrhoids, as he states. 

Dr. Henry Carriel in 1886 wrote, “The applicant is in a condition of chronic insanity, having 

been admitted to the Central Hospital for the Insane in April 1877 and has not been of sound 

mind since. Said if he drank tea or coffee would kill him—spent time gathering up small objects 

and things—pieces of paper and all small objects and storing them in his room—never violent—

was restless at times—was discharged as improved and killed his brother-in-law—this not in 

record but told to me by hospital physician, Dr. W. C. Cole. Readmitted 10 April 1882.” 

At the time of his death, 28 October 1909, Mary lived in Mulhall (Logan) Oklahoma. Amos is 

buried in the Smith Cemetery of Fulton County IL.

18th Illinois Infantry

UNION ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS 18th Regiment, Illinois Infantry OVERVIEW:Organized at Aurora, Ill., and mustered into State service May 19, and into U. S. service May 28, 1861. Moved to Bird's Point, Mo., June 24, and duty there till August 26. Moved to Mound City August 26, and duty there till October 5. Moved to Cairo, Ill., October 5, and duty there till February, 1862. Attached to District of Cairo, to October, 1861. 1st Brigade, District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, District of West Tenn., March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st District, West Tenn., and Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, District of Jackson, to November, 1862. District of Jackson, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, District of Jackson, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1868. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Kimball's Provisional Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Kimball's Provisional Division, District of Eastern Ark., to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Arkansas Expedition, to November, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Arkansas Expedition, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to April, 1864. Post Pine Bluff, Ark., 7th Army Corps, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, to January, 1865. Pontoneers, 7th Army Corps, to May, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865. Dept. of Arkansas, to December, 1865.

SERVICE:Expedition against Thompson's forces at Bloomfield, Mo., November 2-12, 1861. Expedition toward Columbus January 16-21, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-8. Capture of Fort Henry February 6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson February 12-16. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 11-23. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Moved to Bethel June 4-6, thence to Jackson June 15, and duty there till May 30, 1863. Expedition to Bolivar and Brownville July 27-August 13, 1862. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign October 31, 1862, to January 10, 1863. (Co. "K" left Regiment, December 11, 1862, to join Miss. Marine Brigade.) Operations against Forest, in West Tennessee December 18, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Clarksburg, Tenn., December 30, 1862 (Cos. "A" and "E"). Engagement at Red Mound, Parker's Cross Roads, December 30-31 (Detachment). Near Clifton January 3, 1863. Expedition to Huntington March 4-10. Scout to Trenton March 16-18. Expedition to Covington, Tenn., April 1-10, and to Summerville April 11-16. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., May 30-June 2. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 4-July 4. Occupation of Hickman, Ky., July 15-16 (Co. "K"). Moved to Helena, Ark., July 24-27. Steele's Expedition against Little Rock, Ark., August 1-September 10. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Duty at Little Rock, Pine Bluff and Duvall's Bluff, Ark., till December, 1865. Expedition from Pine Bluff to Mt. Elba and Longview March 27-31, 1864. Actions at Mt. Elba March 28 and 30. Non-Veterans mustered out May 28, 1864. Regiment mustered out at Little Rock, Ark., December 16, and discharged, at Camp Butler, Ill., December 31, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 99 Enlisted Men killed and mortally wounded and 7 Officers and 282 Enlisted men by disease. Total 394. SOLDIERS:View Regiment's Soldiers »

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