Virginia Slavery Laws

Virginia Slavery Laws - Stories

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Examination of Judith Ryley for Murdering Her Illegitimate Child

Examination of Judith Ryley for murdering her illegitimate child, October 14, 1765

[p. 1]

At a Cald [sic] Court Held at Augusta Court House the fourteenth Day of October One Thousand seven Hundred and Sixty five for the Examination of Judith Ryley who stands Committed to the Common Goal of this County Charged the Feloniously murdering of her Bastard Child

Present
John Christian John Bowyer
William Fleming Alexander McClanachan
and Sampson Mathews
Gentlemen Justices

The above named Judith Ryley was led to the Barr and upon Examination denied the fact whereupon she stands charged whereupon several witnesses were sworn and Examined upon the Premises and the Prisoner heard in her own defence on Consideration of which and of the circumstances relating to the Crime It is the Opinion of the Court that the Prisoner ought to be tryed for the said supposed Fact at the Court of Oyer and Terminer to be held at the Capitol in the City of Williamsburg on the second Tuesday in December next and in order thereof she is remanded to the Goal of this County to be thence removed to the Public Goal in the City of Williamsburg according to Law.

A Man Accused of Stealing a "triangle,"

A man accused of stealing a "triangle," an important surveying tool, October 17, 1765.

[p. 23]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County October the Seventeenth 1765

Present
John Buchanan Robert Brackenridge
Samuel McDowell Alexander McClenachan
and George Skillarn
Gentlemen Justices

. . .

Thomas Barker being brought before the Court on suspicion of Stealing a triangle the property of George Francisco which appearing by the oaths of sundry witnesses to the Court but the triangle being of small value and the said Barker praying corporal punishment It is ordered that he receive thirty nine lashes at the Publick Whiping [sic] post on his bare back well laid on and It is said o the sherif [sic] that Execution thereof be done immediately.

A Slave's Age Judged by the Justices

A slave's age judged by the justices, October 18, 1765

[p. 29]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County the Eighteenth day of October -1765

Present
John Buchanan Robert Brekenridge
Daniel Smith Felix Gilbert
and William Bowyer
Gentlemen Justices

. . .

Miley a Negro Girl belonging to Charles Barry is by the Court adjudged to be thirteen years old which is on his motion ordered to be certified.

Servants Having Illegitimate Children

Servants having illegitimate children, October 22, 1765.

[p. 145, 146]

At a Court continued ad held for Augusta County October the 22d 1765

Present
John Bowyer Alexander McClenachan
William Bowyer and
Benjamin Estill
Gentlemen Justices

. . .

On the motion of Robert McClenachan Gent It is ordered that his servant woman Elizabeth Gray serve him Twelve Months for the trouble of his House in haveing [sic] a bastard child after her present time by Indenture is otherwise expired

On the motion of Andrew Greer it is ordered that his servant woman Martha Hassall serve him twelve months for the trouble of his House in haveing [sic] a bastard child after her present time by Indenture or otherwise is Expired.

Ordered that Ann Connor (servant to James Hughes) Martha Woodward (servant to Andrew Greer) Elizabeth Bodkin, Elizabeth Gray (servant to Robert McClenachan) be summoned to appear here the next Court to answer the complaint of the Churchwardens of Augusta parish against them or having bastard children

A slave's Age Judged

A slave's age judged, August 21 1766

[p. 225]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County August the 21st 1766

Present
Robert Breckenridge John Bowyer
Felix Gilbert and Benjamin Hawkins
Gentlemen Justices

. . .

London a Negro Boy the property of the Reverend Alexander Miller Clerk M.A. is by the Court adjudged to be Eleven years old, which is on his Motion ordered to be certified.

A Mulatto Bound Out

A mulatto bound out, August 22, 1766

[p. 240]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County August the 22d 1766

Present
John Bowyer Felix Gilbert
Israel Christian and James Trimble
Gentlemen Justices

Ordered that Michael Barnet a Mullato be by the Churchwardens of Augusta Parish bound to Peter Hog Gent. according to Law.

Servant Ann O'Bryan Agrees to Extra Time for her Master's Permission to Marry

Servant Ann O'Bryan agrees to extra time for her master's permission to marry, November 24, 1766

[p. 417]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County on Monday November the 24th 1766

Present
James Lockhart Israel Christian
John Dickenson and William Bowyer
Gentlemen Justices

. . .

Ann O'Bryan a servant to James Crow came into Court and agreed to serve her said master two years from this date she agreeing she should marry Trade [?] Flinn.

Court Case Involving George and Poll

[p. 72, 73]

Be it remembered that at the Court House of Augusta County on Tuesday the twenty ninth day of November one thousand seven hundred and Sixty Eight and in the ninth year of the reign of our Soveriegn Lord Heorge the third King of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith & c. his Majestys Commission under the Seal of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia bearing date the Eleventh day of April last past directed to John Buchanan, John Wilson, Silas Hart, Andrew Lewis, James Lockhart, Richard Woods, Robert Brackenridge, Patrick Martin, William Preston, John Bowyer, John Dickenson, John Christian, Francis Tyler, Daniel Smith, John Archer, Archibald Alexander, Israel Christian, Matthew Patton, John Maxwell, John Poage, James Lockridge, Felix Gilbert, Abraham Smith, James Trimble, Charles Lewis, Samuel McDowell, George Moffett, Benjamin Hawkins, Francis Kirtley and Andrew Bird, Gentlemen, or any four or more of them whereof the said John Buchanan, John Wilson, Silas Hart, Andrew Lewis, James Lockhart, Richard Woods, Robert Brackenridge, Patrick Martin, William Preston, John Bowyer, John Dickenson, John Christian, Francis Tyler, Daniel Smith and John Archer should be one of the Justices to hear and determine all Treasons, Petit Treasons, Misprisons thereof Felonys Murders or other Offences or Crimes whatsoever Committed or perpetrated within the County aforesaid was openly read as was in like manner his Majestys dedimus Potestatum under the said seal of this same date for administering the oaths to the said Commissioners, by virtue of which Sampson Mathews and William Bowyer administered the oaths appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and the Abjuration Oath and Test to Andrew Lewis, James Lockhart, John Archer, and Alexander McClanahan and then the said Sampson Mathews and William Bowyer likewise administered to them the Oaths of Oyer and Terminer and then Andrew Lewis and James Lockhart Administered the said Oaths Appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Spremacy the Abjuration Oath and Test unto the said Sampson Mathews and William Bowyer who also subscribed the last Mentioned Oath and Test and then the said Andrew Lewis & James Lockhart Administered to them the said Oaths of Justices of Oyer and Terminer.

The Court being thus constituted
Luke Bowyer Gent who for our said Lord the King in this part prosecutes comes into Court in hi proper person on Tuesday the Twenty Ninth day of November aforesaid at the Court House aforesaid before said Andrew Lewis James Lockhart John Archer Sampson Mathews Alexander McClenahan and William Bowyer Justices Aforesaid at the Court House aforesaid and gave the Court to understand and be understood ad be Informed that George and Poll two Negroe Slaves supposed to be the property of John Rice of North Carolina on the Sixteenth Instant Feloniously entered the House of William Hall and Sundry Wooling [woolen] and Linning [linen] Goods of the value of Thirty Pounds the property of the said William Hall did feloniously take steal and Carry away whereupon the said George and Poll were led to the Barr under John Bowyer Gent. sheriff of the County aforesaid to whose Custody before for the Cause aforesaid were Committed and being arrained of the Premises pled not Guilty to the Charge told in the Indictment upon wch several witnesses were sworn and Examined and the prisoners heard in their defence on Consideration of which and of the Circumstances relating to the crime the Court are of opinion that they were under the Influence of George Hendricks at the time the Robbery was Committed and ought not to suffer Death but that they receive each Thirty Nine lashes at the publick whiping post and that each of their be cropt and it is said to the Sheriff that the Execution thereof be done Immediately

Then the Court did rise
Andrew Lewis

Public Claims

Public Claims, including a claim for capturing a runaway slave, April 1769

[p. 196]

At a Court held for Proof of Publick Claims and receiving and Certifying Propositions and Grievances for the County of Augusta the Nineteenth day of April one thousand seven hundred and sixty nine.

Present
John Christian Sampson Mathews
George Moffett and William Bowyer
Gentlemen Justices

Daniel McNar produced a Certificate for taking up a runaway Man Slave belonging to Thomas Burgess & having made Oath thereto According to Law It is ordered to be certifyed to the next General Assembly.

A Petition for to Levy Money on this County for keeping up Rockfish Gap Road and Swift run Gap Road over the Mountains being read It is ordered to be Certifyed to the next General Assembly

And no more Claims being Produced

The Court did rise
John Christian

Complaint From an Apprentice

Complaint from an apprentice, June 21, 1769

[p. 214]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County June the Twenty first one thousand seven hundred and Sixty Eight [Sixty Nine]

Present
James Lockhart Israel Christian
Archibald Alexander and Benj. Hawkins
Gentlemen Justices

Present
Patrick Martain, Gent.

On the Complaint of Elinor Dunn It is ordered that James Stuart be Summoned to appear hear [sic] next Court to show cause why he doth not learn his Apprentice Walter Dunn his trade and Cloath and provide for him according to Law.

Criticism of a Justice

Criticism of a justice, August 17, 1769. Watterson later broke jail, 1773

[p. 329-330, 334]

At a Court Continued and held for Augusta County August the Seventeenth one thousand seven hundred and Sixty nine

Present William Preston Daniel Smith
Robert Breckenridge Felix Gilbert
and George Skelton
Gentlemen Justices

Present Richard Woods John Christian
William Fleming Robert Breckenridge
Andrew Bird George Skelton
Abraham Smith and Benjamin Estill
Gentlemen Justices

On the complaint of Felix Gilbert Gent. one of the members of this Court against William Watterson for abusing and insulting him in the Court Yard while the Court was sitting and among other things declaring that he would break him of his Commission for that he was a worthless Magistrate and that the said Gilbert had used him ill once before while the said Gilbert was upon the Bench and presiding in Court It is ordered that the said Watterson do find Security for his good behavior for a twelve month and a day and for his appearance at the next Grand Jury Court himself in the Sum of Two Hundred Pounds and two Securitys in the sum of one hundred pounds each and that he be Committed to the Jayl [sic] of this County untill he gives such Security and that the Deputy Attorney prosecute him for the said misbehavior.

William Watterson being brought before the Court to answer the Complaint of Felix Gilbert Gent. for misbehaving himself and contradicting and interrupting the Evidence while under Examination and insulting the Court It is ordered that the said Watterson be put in the stocks for Fifteen Minutes and the Court being further Informed that the said Watterson had threatened the said Gilbert to blow out his brains & that he had a loaded Pistol in his Pockett It is ordered that the Sheriff search and take the same from him.

Absent, James Lockhart, Gent.

Present, Israel Christian, Gent.

William Watterson with David Bell and Hugh Donato his Securitys came into Court and Acknowledged themselves to owe to our Soverign Lord the King that is to say the said William Watterson two hundred pounds and the said Bell and Donato one hundred pounds each to be levied of the respective goods and chattels Lands & Tenements and to the said King rendered upon Condition that if the said Wm Watterson be of good behavior for one year & a day to allow [?] People then the above recognizance to be void otherwise to remain in full force and Value.

Suspected Runaway Servant

Suspected runaway servant, October 19, 1769. Andrew Bird (Burd) placed an ad for runaway servant John Jones, February 26, 1767.

[p. 27]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County Octr. 19 1769

Present
Richard Woods Abram Smith Silas Hart Daniel Smith Samuel McDowell James Trimble Andrew Bird gent. Justices

John Manks being committed to the Goal of this County on suspicion of being a Runaway Servant, nothing appearing against him it is ordered that he be dismissed.

Trial of Jacob, November 13, 1769

Trial of Jacob, November 13, 1769. An interesting case: if Jacob were innocent of stealing the gun, why was he found guilty of shooting at Moore's children?

[p. 59]

At a Court held at Augusta Court house on Monday the 13th day of November 1769 for the Tryal of Jacob a Negroe Man Slave the property of William Moore and William Macregor on Suspicion of Felony

Present
Andrew Lewis James Lockhart John Archer Sampson Mathews & William Bowyer
Gent. Just.

Gabriel Jones Attorney for our Lord the king who in this part prosecutes comes into Court & gave the Court to understand and be informed that Jacob a negroe man Slave the property of William Moore junr on the 4th instant feloniously entered the house of Robert Steel and one Riffle gun & shot bag to the value of five pounds did feloniously take steal & carry away whereupon the said Jacob was led to the barr under John Bowyer Gent. Sherrif of the County aforesd. to whose custody before for the cause aforesd. he was committed & arraigned of the premises & pleaded that he was not guilty of the fact alledged against him whereupon several witnesses were examined and the Court are of opinion that he is not guilty of the fact wherewith he stands charged but that he is guilty of shooting at the children of Alexander Moore the Court were of opinion that he receive on his bare back well laid on thirty nine lashes & it is said to the Sherrif that the execution be done immediately

Then the Court did rise
(Signed) Andrew Lewis

A Suspected Runaway Servant

Trial of a suspected runaway servant, June 21, 1770.

[p. 112]

At a Court held at Augusta Court House the 21st of June 1770 for the examination of Thomas Fullingam a Convict Servant belonging to Matthew Harrison on suspicion of feloniously stealing one part of Leather breaches one Coat & one Hat to the value of 30/

Present
Daniel Smith Samuel McDowell James McDowell John Gratton

The above named Thomas Fullingam being brought to the barr denied the fact wherewith he stands charged whereupon Robert Campbell being sworn & examined as a Witness on Consideration of which the Court of opinion that he is guilty of Petit Larceny in stealing from Robert Campbell one coat & Breatches of the value of /10d It is ordered that he receive 39 Lashes on his bare back well laid on & it is said to the sherriff that the execution thereof be done immediately & ordered that he be sent back to his master.

Then the Court arose.

Examination of Matthew Thorpe

Examination of runaway servant Matthew Thorpe for stealing a horse, May 21, 1771. Thorpe ran away from owner Gilbert Campbell

[p. 215]

At a Called Court held for the examination of Matthew Thorpe who stands committed to the Goal of this County for feloniously stealing one sorrel gelding the property of Joseph Pearce of Westmoreland the 21st May 1771

Present
Daniel Smith Alexander McClanahan Michael Bowyer Thomas Hugart & John Trogg
Gent.

The above named Matthew Thorpe was led to the barr & with his consent & on his request the Court which was called on Thursday next this day proceeded to his Examination for the offence wherewith he stands charged which he denied whereupon several witnesses were sworn & examined on consideration of which the Court are of opinion that he is guilty of the fact wherewith he stands charged & he ought to be tried for the said offence at the Court of Oyer and Terminer at June next & that he be sent down according to Law -- It is ordered that he be certified that he is a convict.

Criticism of Justices

Criticism of justices because of a servant's complaint, August 24, 1771

[p. 264]

At a Court Continued and held for Augusta County Augst. 24th 1771

Present
Daniel Smith Samuel McDowell James McDowell Michael Bowyer John Trogg William McDowel

John Burnsides having behaved ill before the Court & reflected on the members of the bench for their order on the complaint of his Servant & when the Officer of the Court was ordered to bring the said Burnsides before the Court to answer the complaint of his Servant he told the officer that the Court had a mind to rob him of his Servant it is the opinion of this Court that he the said Burnsides be fined five pounds & further that he enter into recognizance for his good behaviour for a year & a day himself in the sum of Fifty pounds & his two securities in the sum of Twenty five pounds each on which he with Thomas Patterson & William Chow his Securitys entered into bond as above.

Examination for Stealing From Master

Examination of a servant for stealing from his master, Oct. 3, 1771. Kincholas was advertised as Peter Kinchler, captive in Augusta jail

[p. 286]

At a Call'd Court held for Augusta County the 3d of Octr. 1771 for the examinations of Peter Kincholas who stands committed to the goal of the County for Stealing from his Master Robert Beetles One Roan Horse & saddle

Present
James Lockhart Sampson Matthews Michael Bowyer John Trogg

The above named Peter Kincholas was led to the barr & upon examination denied the fact wherewith he stands charged whereupon David Charles was sworn & examined on consideration of which the Court are of opinion that he is not guilty of the fact & is therefore acquitted

Then the Court arose
(Signed) James Lockhart

Jane Dove on Suspicion of Murder

Examination of Jane Dove on suspicion of murdering her child, November 20, 1771. She was acquitted by reason of insanity.

[p. 288]

At a call'd Court held for Augusta County Novr. the 20th 1771 for the examination of Jane Dove on suspicion of murdering her child

Present
Daniel Smith Alexander McClanahan John Hays William Tees Alexander Robertson

The above named Jane Dove was led to the Barr and upon examination denied the fact wherewith she stands charged whereupon James McLintock & Jane his wife & John Mackey were sworn on behalf of our Sovereign Lord the King and Robert Elliot & George Carpenter on behalf of the prisoner on Consideration of which the Court are of opinion that she killed the child tho' not feloniously, but in a fit of Lunacy which she laboured under at that time & continues so & it is ordered that she be dismissed.

Then the Court rose.
Daniel Smith

Examination for Stealing Silk Handkerchiefs

Examination of Mary Alderman and Bridget Rogers for stealing silk handkerchiefs, January 6, [p. 324]

At a Called Court held at Augusta Court House the 6th of Jan 1772 for the examination of Mary Alderman & Bridget Rogers who stand committed to the goal of this County charged with stealing sundry Silk handkerchiefs the property of Matthew Reed.

Present
James Lockhart Alexander McLanahan Alexander Robertson Michael Bowyer Elijah McClanahan

The above named Mary Alderman & Bridget Rogers were led to the barr & upon examination denied the fact wherewith they stand charged whereupon several witnesses were sworn & examined & the prisoners heard in their own defence on consideration of which the Court are of opinion that they are guilty of the fact wherewith they stand charged & that they ought to be tried for the said offence at the General Court in April next on the 6th day of the next General Court in order thereto they are remanded to the Goal of this County to be thence removed to the public goal.

1772.

Trial of Jacob and Aaron

Trial of Jacob and Aaron for murder, April 11, 1772. Convicted, they were sentenced to death and their heads ordered struck from their bodies, to be displayed a warning to others.

[p. 362]

At a Court of Oyer & Terminer at Augusta Court house the 11th day of April 1772 for the Tryal of Jacob & Aaron two Negroes the property of Michael Bowyer Gent. for the murdering of Thomas Mannion

Present
James Lockhart Sampson Matthews Alexander John Trogg William Tees

The above named Jacob & Aaron were led to the barr & upon examination confessed the fact wherewith they stand charged & John Mannion was sworn & examined as a witness on consideration of which the Court are of opinion that they are guilty of the fact wherewith they stand charged & that they be hanged by the neck till they are dead for the said fact on the 13th day of this present month between the hours of 12 & 2 in the afternoon it appearing to the Court that they had plotted & conspired to do the murder some time before it was done and that their heads be severed from their bodies & that one of their heads be affixed on a pole between this Town near the road at the rocks & the other near the road leading from William Mitchells to Stanton

Memo. The slaves were valued to one hundred pounds each.

Then the Court arose.
James Lockhart.

Compensation for Patrollers

Compensation for patrollers, May 22, 1772

[p. 377]

At a Court continued & held for Augusta County May the 22d 1772

Present
Daniel Smith John Poage John Trogg James Lockhart John Mcclanahan

Ordered that the sherrif pay Dolunten Clevinger 800 lb Tobo. John Cowley 140 do. John Redpath 320 do. Thomas Rhoads 320 do. James Culbertson 660 lb do. John Andrew 120 do. Thomas Smith 180 do. Alexander St. Clair 160 do. Christopher Graham 320 do. out of the Disposition in his hands for patrollers.

Suspected Runaway

[p. 437]

At a Court held for Augusta County October the 20th 1772

Present
James Lockhart John Poage John Trogg Elijah McClenachan

Robert Mildred being committed to the Goal of this county on suspicion of being a runaway, nothing appearing against him, it is ordered that he be discharged

Children are Bound as Servants

[p. 438, 439]

At a Court held for Augusta County Novr 19th 1772

Present
Felix Gilbert Abram Smith Alexander McClenachan Alexander Robertson

. . .

Ordered that Mary Ryan 8 years of age, Marth five years of age, & Jeremiah 2 years old Children of Timothy Ryan who is run away be by the Church wardens bound according to Law.

. . .

Ordered that a bastard Child called James Wyat be bound according to Law

. . .

Ordered that two bastard children of Catharine Williams be by the Church wardens of Augusta parish bound according to Law.

[p. 469]

At a called Court held for Augusta County the 12th Jany. 1773 for the examination of Mary Murphey & Bridget McDonald for their feloniously stealing 24 Dollars & some other money the property of Solomon Elliot late of this county

Present
James Lockhart Alexander McClenachan William Bowyer Michael Bowyer Alexander Robertson

The above named Mary Murphey & Bridget McDonald were led to the barr & upon examination denied the fact wherewith they stand charged whereupon several witnesses were sworn & examined, in consideration of which & of the circumstances relating to the crime the Court are of opinion that the said Bridget is not guilty of the fact wherewith she stands charged, but that the said Mary Murphey is guilty of said fact & that she ought to be tried for the said fact at the next General Court in April next Court on the 6th day thereof & in order thereto she is remanded to the Goal of this County, thence to be removed according to Law.

Be it remembered that David Henderson for his Servants John Fowler & Bridget McDonald & for himself acknowledged himself indebted to our Sovereign Lord the King in the sum of £40 each to be levied of their goods & c in case the said John Fowler Bridget McDonald & David Henderson do not appear at the General Court in April next in the 6th day thereof & shall then & there testify & give evidence against Mary Murphy touching the felony aforesaid & shall not depart without leave of the said Court.

Then the Court arose

James Lockhart

Examination of William Place

[p. 470]

At a called Court held for Augusta County the 18th of Feb. 1773 for the examination of William Place who stands committed to the Goal of this County charged with feloniously taking sundry goods the property of Edward Dunn & Stephen Bowyer

Present
James Lockhart Sampson Matthews Alexander McClanachan William Bowyer Michael Bowyer

The above named William Place was led to the barr & upon examination denied the fact wherewith he stands charged whereupon several Witnesses were sworn & examined on consideration of which the Court are of opinion that he not guilty of the fact wherewith he stands charged but in as much as it appears to the Court that he concealed & disposed of the Goods after he knew they were lost by the said Bowyer & Dunn -- the Court are of opinion that he be bound over to the grand jury Court whereupon the Prisoner prayed corporal punishment immediately whereupon it is ordered that he receive twenty Lashes on his bare back well laid on & it is said to the Sherrif that the execution thereof be done immediately

Then the Court arose
(Signed)

James Lockhart

A Case of Spouse Abuse

[p. 11]

At a Court held for Augusta County March the Sixteenth one Thousand Seven Hundred and seventy three

Present Jogn Poage Alexander McClenachan
John McClenachan and James Craig Gentleman Justices

John Ramsay being bound over to this Court on the Complaint of William Fleming for beating and assaulting his wife Elizabeth being called appeared on which witnesses were sworn and Examined and the Parties heard by their attornies and it appearing to the Court that the said Elizabeth has by such assaulting and laid thirteen weeks past in a languishing condition and that her Life is still in danger. It is therefore ordered that the said John Ramsay be committed to the Custody of the sheriff of this County there to Remain untill he shall Enter into Recognizance for his good behaviour for the Space of one year and a day from this time in the sum of Five Hundred pounds with two Securities in the sum of Two Hundred and fifty Pounds Each to be levied of their Respective Goods and Chattels Lands and Tenements in case the said John Ramsay be not of good behaviour for a year and a day and further that in case of the Death of the said Elizabeth that he be forth coming on a Prosecution against him for the said Crime and thereupon the said John Ramsay with John Gay and William Ramsay both fo this County came into Court and acknowledged themselves severally Indebted to our said Lord George the third King of Great Britain in the sums following that is to say the said John Ramsay in the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds and the said John Gay and William Ramsay in the Sum of Two Hundred and fifty pounds of their Respective Lands and Tenements Goods and Chattels and to our said Lord the king his heirs and Successors rendered yet upon this Condition -- that if the said John Ramsay be of good behaviour towards the King and all his Liege People and more especially towards the said Elizabeth Fleming for the Space of one year as aforesaid and in case he is forth coming if any Prosecution should be brought against him on the account of the Death of the said Elizabeth Fleming -- then this recognizance to be void.

Runaway Jack and Cornelius Fitzjarel [Fitzgerald]

[p. 15,20]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County the 17th day of March 1773

Present Alexander McClenachan John McClenachan
Archibald Alexander and Alexander Robertson
Gentlemen Justices

Jack a Runaway Negro the Property of Charles Escridge of Loudoun County and haveing [sic] remained some time in the Goal of this County It is ordered that he be conveyed from constable to constable until he be delivered to his master.

. . .

William Diver produced and made oath to his account of sixteen shillings his Expences in takeing [sic] up his Servant Man Cornelius Fitzjarel when runaway and for Eight Days absent time It is therefore ordered that the said Cornelius Fitzjarel serve his said masters for the said Sixteen shillings and for his absent time when runaway after his present time by Indenture or otherwise is Expired according to Law.

Complaint of a Disorderly House

[p. 94]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County March the twenty third 1773

Present John Poage George Moffett Alexander McClanachan
Elijah McClanachan and John Trogg
Gentlemen Justices

On the Complaint of Alexander Gibson against Thomas Mathews and Mary his wife and William Saulsberry for being persons of Bad behaviour & for keeping a disorderly House entertaining Servants and the same fully appeared to the Court It is ordered that they be committed to the Jayl of this County and thereto remain until they enter into recognizance in the sum of thirty pounds each with two Securitys each in the sum of fifteen pounds each to be Levied

Margaret Sollas Complains.......

[p. 106]

On the Complaint of Margaret Sollas setting forth that her husband Nicholas Sollas has runaway and left her helpless by binding out James Sollas her son of the age of thirteen years to Henry Hall and that her said son could be more properly educated and raised if he was bound out to Adam Wall (another son of the said Margaret by a former husband) and with whom the said Margaret now lives and the said Henry agreeing to deliver up the said James and cancel the Indenture entered into with the said Nicholas provided he can be indemnified It is the opinion of the Court that the said James be taken away from the sd. Hall and bound by the Churchwardens to the said Adam Wall According to Law.

Complaint of a Servant

[p. 120]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County May the Twenty Third one thousand seven hundred & seventy three

Present William Bowyer Michael Bowyer
John Gratton James Craig
and Samuel McDowe

On the Complaint of Henry Mace against his Master David Laird for detaining him as a Servant It is ordered that he be Summoned to appear here the next Court to shew Cause why he detains him as a Servant.

Disagreement Between Two Justices

Disagreement between two justices, May 22, 1773. In August and again in November 1773 Sampson and George Matthews were in Richmond, where they placed ads for convict servants they had purchased

[p. 129]

At a Court Continued and held for Augusta County May the Twenty Second one thousand seven hundred seventy three

Present Abraham Smith John Trogg
Michael Bowyer and James Craig
Gentlemen Justices

Sampson Mathews Gent. being Summoned to shew Cause why he doth not swear into the Commission of the Peace, Accordingly came into Court and give the following reasons, That he was Joined in a Complaint which was laid in before his Excellency the Governor and the Honourable the Council of Virginia against Mr Michael Bowyer for acting contrary to his duty in several instances in the Execution of his Office as under Sheriff notwithstanding the enmitty which may reasonably be supposed subsists between him and the said Michael Bowyer by Reason of the aforsd. Complaint, he appears to be forward in Causes wherewith the said Mathews is concerned which he Humbly presumes must appear to every unprejudiced person and that common prudence would point out the Contrary behaviour, and as he the said Mathews is of opinion that Justice cannot be equally distributted whilst a Person accused of such Offences as is sett forth in the said Complaint, sitts on the seat of Justices. That he is determined not to swear in until the event of the Indictment for the said Offences are determined and altho at present he is removed out of the County, his Large Connections in this County in the Merchantable business will oblidge him to attend constantly every Court when he was resolved to Act as a Magistrate in the same Manner he did before he removed if the above reasons did not prevent him.

Ad #1: Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon

THIRTY POUNDS REWARD. RUN away from the Subscribers, three Convict Servant Men. JOHN RICHARDSON, a House Carpenter and Joiner, 5 Feet 5 or 6 Inches high, about 28 Years old, of a light brown Complexion, speaks pretty quick, and had on a brown short Coat. JOSEPH KEEVES, a Bricklayer and Plasterer, 5 Feet 8 or 9 Inches high, about 22 Years of Age, of a fair Complexion, and has been lately sick, which makes him look badly. RICHARD BENNETT, a jobbing Blacksmith, 5 Feet 2 or 3 Inches high, about eighteen Years old, is very pert, somewhat sly, and had on a very dark brown long skirted Coat. They all had on, and took with them, Osnabrug Shirts and Trousers, some Check Shirts, and old and new Hats. It is supposed they are all gone for North Carolina, where it is supposed three other Servants, that ran away about the Middle of May last, went likewise. Their Names are, JOHN EATON, a Ship Carpenter, 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, about 25 Years old; he had on a blue Cloth Coat and Breeches, and a Silk Damascus Waistcoat. WILLIAM STEEL, a Cabinet Maker, 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, about 17 Years old, and of a fair Complexion; he had on a light coloured Cloth Coat and Breeches. ALICE WALKER, thick and stout made, of a red Complexion, and passes for John Eaton's Wife. They were imported last March into Rappahannock, in the Justitia, from London, and are all English People. For the first three a Reward of 40s. will be given for each, if taken in Virginia; if in any other Province, 5l. For the last three, a reward of 5l. will be allowed for each, on delivering them to us in Richmond Town, Falls of James River; or if secured in any Jail, so that we get them, 20s. for each of the first three, and 40s. a Piece for the other three. All Masters of Vessels are forewarned from harbouring, employing, or carrying them out of the Country, at their Peril. SAMPSON & GEORGE MATTHEWS. RICHMOND, August 2, 1773.

Ad #2: Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon

RUN away from the Subscribers, at Mr. Lewis Ball's, the 14th of October, at Night, five Convict Servant Men, who were taken the Day before from on Board the Taylor, at Four Mile Creek, viz. OLIVER MARTIN, 22 Years of Age, five Feet ten Inches high, of a brown Complexion, born in Ireland, is pert and looks well, and by Trade a House Carpenter and Joiner; he had on an old brown Coat, and red Waistcoat and Trousers. JONATHAN BOOTHMAN, an Englishman, 23 Years of Age, five Feet five Inches high, of a dark brown Complexion, and a thievish Look; he had on a white Cotton Waistcoat, and Trousers. PAUL PRESTON, a Pennsylvanian, thirty Years of Age, five Feet high, of a sandy Complexion, and good Countenance; he had on a blue Waistcoat, and black Everlasting Breeches. JOHN THOMPSON, born in New England, 35 Years of Age, five Feet four Inches high, of a black Complexion and surly Look; he had on a blue Waistcoat, another of Cotton, black Breeches, and Trousers. JOHN GAGAHAGAN, an Irishman, five Feet four Inches high, 43 Years of Age, of a black Complexion, is a well looking Man, and by trade a Grocer; he had on a light coloured Coat, blue Waistcoat, and Leather Breeches. The four first are Seamen. Whoever takes up and secures them, or any of them, so that we may get them again, shall have TWENTY SHILLINGS Reward for each, if taken within twenty Miles of Richmond, and if farther, FORTY SHILLINGS for each. SAMPSON & GEORGE MATHEWS. N.B. All Masters of Vessels are hereby forewarned from harbouring or carrying either of the said Convicts out of the Colony, at their Peril.

Runaway Servant David Essex August 17, 1773

[p. 148]

At a Court held for Augusta County August the Seventeenth one Thousand seven hundred and Seventy Three

Present John Christian Michael Bowyer
John Trogg John Skidmore
Gentlemen Justices

Andrew Russell produced and made oath to an account of three pounds Ten shillings and Nine pence his Expences in taking up his Servant Man David Essex when runaway and for Seven days absent time It is ordered that the said David Essex serve his said Master for the said three pounds Ten Shillings and Nine pence to be computed in Tobacco at Ten Shillings per Hundred and for every hundred weight Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According to Law.

Andrew Russell produced and made oath to an account of three pounds Ten Shillings and Nine pence his Expences taking up his servant Man William Mills when runaway and for Seven days absent time. It is ordered that the said William Mills serve his said Master for the said three pounds Ten Shillings and Nine pence to be computed in Tobacco at Ten Shillings per Hundred and for every huundred Weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time according to Law.

Complaint of Servant Cornelius Fitzgerald

Complaint of servant Cornelius Fitzgerald, August 17, 1773. Fitzgerald had runaway and been captured in March 1773. See above, March 17, 1773. Also runaway servant Walter Clark.

[p. 150-151]

At a Court held for Augusta County August the Seventeenth one Thousand seven hundred and Seventy Three

Present John Christian Michael Bowyer
John Trogg John Skidmore
Gentlemen Justice

On the Complaint Cornelius Fitzgerald against his Master Hugh Diver Continued.

William Jamson produced and made oath to an account of one pound Ten Shillings his Expence in taking up his Servant Man Walter Clark when runaway and for Seven days absent time. It is ordered that the said Walter Clark serve his said Master for the said one pound Ten Shillings to be computed in Tobacco at Ten Shillings per Hundred & for every Hundred Weight one month & a half and for the absent time According to Law.

Servant Matthew Lattimore Agrees to Relinquish his Freedom Dues

[p. 155-159]

At a Court cont. & held for Augusta County August the Eighteenth one thousand Seven hundred and Seventy three

Present Abraham Smith Alexander McClenachan
John Trogg and John Hays
Gentleman Justices

Matthew Lattimore came into Court and agreed to give up to his Master John Tate his freedom dues on Consideration of his sd. Master acquitting him of the remainder of his time of Servitude.

Thomas Tate produced an Account of Eight pounds Ten Shillings his expences in taking up his Servant Man John Murphey when runaway and for Eight days absent time. It is ordered that the said John Murphey serve his said Master after his present time by Indenture or otherwise expired for the said Eight pounds Ten Shillings to be Computed in obacco at ten Shillings er Hundred and for every hundred Weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According to Law.

William Johnston produced and made oath to an account of Ten pounds Ten Shillings his expences in taking up his Servant Man Thomas Hatsell when runaway and for Seven days absent time. It is therefore ordered that the sd. Thomas Hatsell serve his said Master after his present time by Indenture of otherwise is expired for the said Ten Pounds Ten Shillings to be Computed in Tobacco at 10/ per Hund. and for every Hundred Weight of Tobacco one Month & a half & for the absent time According to law.

Hugh Diver produced and made oath to an account of four pounds eleven shillings and six pence his expences in taking up his servant Man Robert Dowling when runaway and for Twenty Six days absent Time. It is therefore ordered that the said Robert Dowling serve his said Master after after his present time by Indenture or otherwise is expired for the said four pounds eleven shillings and Six Pence to be computed in Tobacco at Ten Shillings Per Hundred and for every Hundred Weight of Tobacco one month and a half and for the absent time According to Law.

On the Complaint of Sarah Pritchard against her Master Thomas Smith for beating and abusing her It is orderd that the Sheriff the said Thomas Smith to appear heare [sic] the next Court to answer the said Complaint.

Runaway servants, August 19, 1773

[p. 164]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County August the Nineteenth one thousand and seven & Seventy Three

Present Felix Gilbert John Hays
John Gratton and John Trogg
Gentlemen Justices

James Calhoon produced and Made Oath to an account of Seven pounds three Shillings his expences in taking up his Servant Man Robert Graves when runaway and for fourteen days absent time It is therefore ordered that the said Robert Graves serve his said Master after his present time by Indenture or otherwise is Expired for the said Seven pounds three Shillings to be Computed in Tobacco at ten Shillings per Hundred and for every hundred Weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According to L

Sampson Sawyers produced nd made Oath to an Account of Seven pounds one Shilling and Six pence his expences in taking up his Servant Man Thomas Acton when runaway and for thirteen days absent time. It is Therefore ordered that the said Thomas Acton serve his said Master after his present time by Indenture or otherwise is Expired for the said Seven pounds one Shilling and Sixpence to be Computed in Tobacco at ten shillings per Hundred and for every hundred Weight of Tobacco one Month and a half & for the absent time according to Law

Runaway Servants

Runaway servants, and a witness who broke jail, August 21, 1773. William Watterson, the witness who broke jail, had appeared before the justices charged with criticizing one of them in August 1769.unaway servants, and a witness who broke jail, August 21, 1773. William Watterson, the witness who broke jail, had appeared before the justices charged with criticizing one of them in August 1769.

[p. 179, 181, 185]

At a Court Continued and held for Augusta County August the Twenty first one thousand seven hundred and Seventy three

Present William Bowyer John McClenachan
John Dickinson George Moffett
and William Teese
Gentlemen Justice

Martha Downey produced and made Oath to an account of three pounds Ten Shillings her Expences in taking up her Servant Man William Miller When runaway and for thirteen days absent time. It is therefore ordered that the said William Miller serve his said Mistress (after his present time by indenture or otherwise is expired) for the said three pounds Ten Shillings to be Computed in Tobacco at Ten Shillings per hundred and for every hundred weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time according to La

John Gratton produced and made Oath to an Account of fifteen Shillings and Sixpence his expences in taking up his servant Man Robert Crawley when runaway an for Twenty one days absent time ordered that the said Robert Crawley serve his said Master for the said fifteen Shillings & Six pence (after his present time by indenture of Otherwise is expired) to be Computed in Tobacco at ten Shillings per Hundred and for every Hundred weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According to Law

Ray vs. Dickinson Contd. for the deft. The Attorney for the defendant moved the Court that a dedimuss might be granted him to take the deposition of William Watterson a witness who resides in the County of Amherst alledging that he could not attend fr that he sometime agoe [sic] broke the Jayl of this County and that there was an Escape Warrant which would be served on him in case he appeared which was objected to by the Plts. Attorney and Overruled by the Court ordered didimuss.

A Man's Sons are Bound out as Apprentices and a Runaway Servant, August 23, 1773

[p. 197-198]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County on Munday [sic] August the Twenty third one thousand seven hundred and Seventy three

Present William Bowyer John Trogg
Michael Bowyer Elijah McClenachan
and George Mathews
Gentlemen Justices

It appearing to the Court that Edward Beard who has two sons Charles Beard and David Beard and fails to bring them up in a Christian like manner ordered that the Churchwardens of Augusta parish bind them to James Allen Junior to learn the Trades if Carpenters and Joiner & wheelwrights

Thomas Smith Produced an Account of Two pounds Six Shillings his Expences in taking up his Servant Man John Collins when runaway and for three days absent time ordered that the said John Collins serve his said Master for the said Two pounds Six Shillings (after his present time by Indenture of otherwise if expired) to be computed in Tobacco at Ten Shillings per Hundred and for every Hundred weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According to Law

Runaway Servant

[p. 219]

At a Court Continued and held for Augusta County August the Twenty fifth one thousand seven hundred & Seventy Three

Present George Moffett George Mathews
Alexander Robertson Elijah McClenachan
and John Trogg
Gentlemen Justices

Robert McClenachan produced and made oath to an account of two pounds fourteen Shillings his expences in taking up his servant man John Thrifft when runaway and for Nine days Absent time Ordered that the said John Thrift serve his said Master after his present time by Indenture or otherwise is Expired for the sd. Expences to be Computed in Tobacco at ten Shillings per Hundred and for every Hundred weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According to Law

On the motion of Sampson and George Mathews for to have their Servant Thomas Wallace to Serve for one hundred & Six days the amount of their Account against him for short work and for absent time on hearing the Servant and Masters and Witnesses the Court are of opinion that he serve his said Masters Sixty five days absent time after the former order of this Court is expired.

Ad #1: Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon),
Williamsburg, November 11, 1773

THIRTY POUNDS REWARD. RUN away from the Subscribers, three Convict Servant Men. JOHN RICHARDSON, a House Carpenter and Joiner, 5 Feet 5 or 6 Inches high, about 28 Years old, of a light brown Complexion, speaks pretty quick, and had on a brown short Coat. JOSEPH KEEVES, a Bricklayer and Plasterer, 5 Feet 8 or 9 Inches high, about 22 Years of Age, of a fair Complexion, and has been lately sick, which makes him look badly. RICHARD BENNETT, a jobbing Blacksmith, 5 Feet 2 or 3 Inches high, about eighteen Years old, is very pert, somewhat sly, and had on a very dark brown long skirted Coat. They all had on, and took with them, Osnabrug Shirts and Trousers, some Check Shirts, and old and new Hats. It is supposed they are all gone for North Carolina, where it is supposed three other Servants, that ran away about the Middle of May last, went likewise. Their Names are, JOHN EATON, a Ship Carpenter, 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, about 25 Years old; he had on a blue Cloth Coat and Breeches, and a Silk Damascus Waistcoat. WILLIAM STEEL, a Cabinet Maker, 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, about 17 Years old, and of a fair Complexion; he had on a light coloured Cloth Coat and Breeches. ALICE WALKER, thick and stout made, of a red Complexion, and passes for John Eaton's Wife. They were imported last March into Rappahannock, in the Justitia, from London, and are all English People. For the first three a Reward of 40s. will be given for each, if taken in Virginia; if in any other Province, 5l. For the last three, a reward of 5l. will be allowed for each, on delivering them to us in Richmond Town, Falls of James River; or if secured in any Jail, so that we get them, 20s. for each of the first three, and 40s. a Piece for the other three. All Masters of Vessels are forewarned from harbouring, employing, or carrying them out of the Country, at their Peril. SAMPSON & GEORGE MATTHEWS. RICHMOND, August 2, 1773.

Ad #2: Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon),
Williamsburg, November 11, 1773

RUN away from the Subscribers, at Mr. Lewis Ball's, the 14th of October, at Night, five Convict Servant Men, who were taken the Day before from on Board the Taylor, at Four Mile Creek, viz. OLIVER MARTIN, 22 Years of Age, five Feet ten Inches high, of a brown Complexion, born in Ireland, is pert and looks well, and by Trade a House Carpenter and Joiner; he had on an old brown Coat, and red Waistcoat and Trousers. JONATHAN BOOTHMAN, an Englishman, 23 Years of Age, five Feet five Inches high, of a dark brown Complexion, and a thievish Look; he had on a white Cotton Waistcoat, and Trousers. PAUL PRESTON, a Pennsylvanian, thirty Years of Age, five Feet high, of a sandy Complexion, and good Countenance; he had on a blue Waistcoat, and black Everlasting Breeches. JOHN THOMPSON, born in New England, 35 Years of Age, five Feet four Inches high, of a black Complexion and surly Look; he had on a blue Waistcoat, another of Cotton, black Breeches, and Trousers. JOHN GAGAHAGAN, an Irishman, five Feet four Inches high, 43 Years of Age, of a black Complexion, is a well looking Man, and by trade a Grocer; he had on a light coloured Coat, blue Waistcoat, and Leather Breeches. The four first are Seamen. Whoever takes up and secures them, or any of them, so that we may get them again, shall have TWENTY SHILLINGS Reward for each, if taken within twenty Miles of Richmond, and if farther, FORTY SHILLINGS for each. SAMPSON & GEORGE MATHEWS. N.B. All Masters of Vessels are hereby forewarned from harbouring or carrying either of the said Convicts out of the Colony, at their Peril.

A Servant's Time Remitted, and a Runaway, November 16, 1773

[p. 222]

At a Court held for Augusta County November the Sixteenth one thousand seven hundred and Seventy three

Present John Poage Alexander Robertson
John Trogg John Skidmore
and John McClenachan
Gentlemen Justices

Jacob Vanlaw with his Servant Mary Lane came into Court & with their consent agreed to acquit her the remainder of her Servitude on Consideration of her acquitting him of her Freedom dues

James Lessly Junior produced and Made oath to an Account of four pounds Eight Shillings his Expences in taking up his servant Man Edward Robert when runaway and for Eight days absent time. It is therefore ordered that the said Edward Robert serve his said Master for the said four pounds Eight Shillings (after his present time by Indenture or otherwise is expired) to be Computed in Tobacco at ten Shillings per Hundred and for every Hundred weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According

Servant Mary Handling Given Extra Time...

Servant Mary Handling given extra time for having illegitimate children, and another runaway servant, November 17, 1773. Servant Cornelius Fitzgerald had runaway and been captured in March 1773, then complained against his master in August. See above, March 17, 1773, August 17, 1773. It is possible that the Cornelius Fitzpatrick in the last order was aldo Fitzgerald.

[p. 225, 234-235]

At a Court Continued and held for Augusta County November the Seventeenth one thousand seven hundred and Seventy three

Present Felix Gilbert Samuel McDowell
William Bowyer Thomas Hugart
Gentlemen Justices

Mary Handlin a Servant of James Langstys came into Court & agreed to Serve him four Years on Consideration of his Purchasing her of William Henderson to whom she ought to Serve for having two bastard children and part of the time she ought to serve by Indenture

sent Elijah McClenachan Gent.

Francis Lebuer a Servant of Thomas Hugharts is ordered to Serve him twelve months for running away his Master agreeing to accept of it

On the Complaint of Cornelius Fitzgerald against his Master Diver parties heard on Consideration whereof the Court are of opinion that the Complaint be Dismissed

Hugh Diver Senr. produced and made oath to an Account of six pounds his Expences in taking up his Servant Man Cornelius Fitzpatrick when Run away and for nine days absent time. Ordered that the said Cornelius Fitzpatrick serve his said Master for the said sum of six pounds to be computed in Tobo. at ten shillings pr. hundred and for every hundred weight one month and a half and for the absent time two days for each day absent.

A Servant's Time Remitted

[p. 222]

At a Court held for Augusta County November the Sixteenth one thousand seven hundred and Seventy three

Present John Poage Alexander Robertson
John Trogg John Skidmore
and John McClenachan
Gentlemen Justices

Jacob Vanlaw with his Servant Mary Lane came into Court & with their consent agreed to acquit her the remainder of her Servitude on Consideration of her acquitting him of her Freedom dues

James Lessly Junior produced and Made oath to an Account of four pounds Eight Shillings his Expences in taking up his servant Man Edward Robert when runaway and for Eight days absent time. It is therefore ordered that the said Edward Robert serve his said Master for the said four pounds Eight Shillings (after his present time by Indenture or otherwise is expired) to be Computed in Tobacco at ten Shillings per Hundred and for every Hundred weight of Tobacco one Month and a half and for the absent time According to Law

Servant Mary Handling Given Extra Time

[p. 225, 234-235]

At a Court Continued and held for Augusta County November the Seventeenth one thousand seven hundred and Seventy three

Present Felix Gilbert Samuel McDowell
William Bowyer Thomas Hugart
Gentlemen Justices

Mary Handlin a Servant of James Langstys came into Court & agreed to Serve him four Years on Consideration of his Purchasing her of William Henderson to whom she ought to Serve for having two bastard children and part of the time she ought to serve by Indenture

. . .

Present Elijah McClenachan Gent.

Francis Lebuer a Servant of Thomas Hugharts is ordered to Serve him twelve months for running away his Master agreeing to accept of it

On the Complaint of Cornelius Fitzgerald against his Master Diver parties heard on Consideration whereof the Court are of opinion that the Complaint be Dismissed

Hugh Diver Senr. produced and made oath to an Account of six pounds his Expences in taking up his Servant Man Cornelius Fitzpatrick when Run away and for nine days absent time. Ordered that the said Cornelius Fitzpatrick serve his said Master for the said sum of six pounds to be computed in Tobo. at ten shillings pr. hundred and for every hundred weight one month and a half and for the absent time two days for each day absent.

A Servant (a Doctor) Purchases His Freedom

[p. 247, 250]

at a Court continued and held for Augusta County Novr. 19th 1773

Present Samuel McDowell William Tees
John Hays Felix Gilbert
and Michael Bowyer
Gentlemen Justices

George Parker Doctor and Servant of Samuel McChesney came into Court and with their approbation agreed to give unto the sd. McChesney one hundred pounds for his freedom on condition of giving a horse and saddle value at Ten pounds and his having delivered him Drugs and Medice [sic] to the amount of Thirty pounds and further said Geo. Parker doth agree to pay to the said McChesney Ten pounds per annum for his Board till he pay up the aforesaid sum and he pays and keeps his own horse at his Expence

Edmond Stephens produced and made oath to an account of Eleven pounds his Expences in taking up his Servant Man Edward Brandsgrove when Running away and for Twenty nine days absent time ordered that the said Edward Brandsgorve serve is said Master for the said sum of Eleven pounds to be Computed in Tobacco at Ten shillings per hundred weight and for every hundred weight one month & a half and for the absent time two days for each day absent

Child Abuse, January 21, 1774

[p. 301]

at a Court held at Augusta Courthouse the 21st day of January 1774 for the Examination of Thomas Quin for Commiting a Rape on Mary Jenkins an Infant of Six Years & ten months old

Present John Trogg Michael Bowyer
John Paoge Alexander McClenachan
George Moffitt Alexr. Robertson
Gentlemen Justices

The above named Thomas Quin was led to the Barr and upon Examination denied the fact wherewith he stands charged whereupon several witnesses were sworn and Examined on Consideration of which the Court are of opinion that he is not Guilty of the rape wherewith he stands charged but it appearing to the Court that he has been guilty of a violent assault on the said Mary. Its [sic] ordered that he be Indict at the next grand Jury Court whereupon the said Thomas puts himself upon the Mercy of the Court and Contented to take Corporal punishment whereupon its Ordered that the Sherriff Give him thirty nine lashes on his Bare Back at the publick whipping post well laid on. then the Court did rise

John Poage

Trial of William Givans

[p. 310-312, 319]

At a Court calld and held for the Examination of William Givans who stands bound over to this Court for the felonious murder of James Brown his servant the 15th of March 1774

Present Archibald Alexander Saml. McDowell
John Trogg and Michael Bowyer
Gentlemen Justices

The above named William Givans being called appeared and on Examination denied the fact wherewith he stands charged whereupon Several witnesses were sworn and Examined and on Consideration of which the Court are of opinion that he is not guilty of the felonious offence with which he stands charged but that he is guilt of a justifiable homicide in his own offence and therefore that he be acquited

The the Court did rise

Archibald Alexande

Samuel Smallbridge a Convict servant of John Grimes is adjudged to be Eleven years old and ordered to be Recorded

Runaway Servants

[p. 449]

At a Court held for Augusta County May the Seventeenth one thousand seven Hundred and seventy four

Present John Poage Alexander McClenachan George Moffett Alexander Robertson Elijah McClenachan

Archibald Hopkins Produced and made oath to an account of nine Pounds seven shillings & sixpence his expences in taking up a servant Man named John Lock & for Seven Days Lost in the same business & it is ordered that said Lock serve according to Law

James Pollack Produced and made oath to an account of one pound & nine shillings and six Pence expended in securing a runaway servant named Soloman Leir and for Eight Days absence and it is ordered that he serve according to Law

Sarah Scott being Committed to the Goal of the County on suspicion of being a runaway on hearing her and several witnesses the Court are of opinion that she be dismd

On the motion of Elizabeth Haywood Late Elizabeth Branch against her Master John Lyle for Detaining her as a servt. Alledging that she is free. It is ordered that he appear at the next Court to answer the complaint

The Beard Brothers are Bound Out

[p. 459]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County May the Eighteenth one thousand seven Hundred and seventy four

Present Alexander McClenachan Elijah McClenachan John Trogg & George Mathews

Ordered that David Beard be bound to Samuel Caruthers. And Charles Beard be bound to John Caruthers they Learning them the trade if Breeches Maker's & skin dressers by the Churchwardens of Augusta Parich according to Law

David Jennings Declared Free

[p. 3]

At a Court held for Augusta County August 16th 1774

Present
John Poage, John Trogg
Samuel M'Dowell, Alexr. Robinson
and Abraham Smith Gent.

On the complaint of David Jennings against Thomas Smith his Master for detaining him as a Servant contrary to Law the Court having examined the witnesses are of opinion that the time in his indenture is expired and that he be dismissed without any further servitude.

Runaway Servant

[p. 19]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County November the fifteenth one thousand seven Hundred & seventy four

Present
William Bowyer John Poage
Michael Bowyer Thomas Hughart Gent. Justices

. . .

Michael Coager produced & made oath to an account of five Pounds Eight shillings his Expences in taking up his servant man Dennis Donnerly when runaway & for seven Days lost time it is therefore ordered that he serve according to Law

Runaway Servant and a Bastard Bound Out

[p. 24]

At a Court continued and held for Augusta County November the sixteenth one thousand seven Hundred and seventy four

Present
Michael Bowyer Elijah McClenachan
Alex McClenachan Felix Gilbert

James Brewster produced and made oath to an acocunt of five pounds nineteen shillings and two pence his Expences in taking up his servant Man Matthew Todd when runaway & five weeks & one days absent time it is therefore ordered that he serve according to Law

Ordered that James Neal a Bastard child be bound by the Church of Augusta Parish to Joseph Gamwell according to Law