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Gulf War


On August 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded the country of Kuwait. Iraq had become deeply in debt during the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980's and was pushing for Saudi Arabia and Kuwait to forgive its debts. After they refused, Iraq began reducing its oil production to drive up prices of oil so it could take in enough money to rebuild its ruined economy. Kuwait, however, increased production and actually drove down prices of oil - something Iraq viewed as an act of economic warfare.


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United States



Operation Desert Shield

USS Dwight D. Eisenhower
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Operation Desert Shield is the name given to the military operation with the objective of protecting Saudi Arabia from invasion by Iraq.

By August 8, the United States had already mobilized two naval battle groups to the region: the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower carrier group and the USS Independence carrier group.  48 F-15s were also sent to Saudi Arabia to begin patrols to discourage invasion by Iraqi forces.

The United States also dispatched two battleships to the region, the USS Missouri and the USS Wisconsin.

Operation Desert Storm

Operation Desert Storm was the name given to the military operations against Iraq's forces.  It included Operation Instant Thunder (the air campaign) and Operation Desert Sabre (the ground campaign).

Operation Instant Thunder

The air campaign began at 2:10 am Baghdad time.

Topic Details

American Troops Begin Withdrawing:
Date: 10 Mar 1991 1
Ceasefire Declared:
Date: 28 Feb 1991 1
Coalition Forces:
Coalition Country: United States 1
Coalition Country: Saudi Arabia 1
Coalition Country: United Kingdom 1
Iraq Invades Kuwait:
Country: Kuwait 1
Country: Iraq 1
Date: 02 Aug 1990 1
Operation Desert Sabre Begins:
Date: 23 Feb 1991 1
Operation Desert Shield Begins:
Date: 07 Aug 1990 1
Operation Instant Thunder Begins:
Date: 17 Jan 1991 1
Also known as: Gulf War 1
Name: Persian Gulf War 1

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