The Choctaw Indians

The Choctaw Indians


The Choctaw Indians have inhabited the Mississippi region since the pre-Columbian era. The Choctaws were considered one of the “Five Civilized Tribes” because of their desire to adopt European practices into the Choctaw culture. The Choctaw Indians were continuously loyal to the United States during the Revolutionary War and War of 1812, but sadly were subjected to the removal policies of the U.S. during the 1830s. Most of the Choctaw left Mississippi and other Southern states on the tragic Trail of Tears, but many Choctaw decided to stay and try assimilation into American culture and life. The Choctaws are split into two distinct branches: the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. Both groups faced discrimination and poverty after the Civil War until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. Today, the Choctaws continue many of their culture practices and have several successful business ventures, including casinos in both Oklahoma and Mississippi.

Stories about The Choctaw Indians

Choctaw Code Talkers in WWI

    The Code Talkers: Solomon Louis, Bennington Mitchell Bobb, Smithville Ben Carterby (Bismark), Wright City Robert Taylor, Bokchito or Boswell Jeff Nelson, Kullitukle Pete Maytubby, Broken Bow James Edwards, Ida (now Battiest) Calvin Wilson, Goodwater

    Near the end of World War I, the American Army struggled to keep the Germans from breaking their communication codes. Eight Choctaw men who were all serving in the same battalion were overheard speaking in their native language by their Captain. He immediately suggested that the messages be given in Choctaw and then translated back into English. This “code” prevented the Germans from figuring out the American's next move and assisted in the Allies' victory in the Mouse-Argonne Campaign. These victories proved the last big push the Allies needed to send the Germans into retreat and win the war. While these eight Choctaw soldiers were instrumental in the Allied victory, they never received any public recognition or military honors. Their efforts, however, did influence the use of Indian code talkers in World War II, which again aided in an American victory.


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    Clio - Anyone can contribute
    12 Nov 2009
    18 Sep 2018
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