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    Auschwitz Concentration Camp


    N

    o other Nazi concentration camp is as well known for the atrocities committed within than the Auschwitz-Bikenau camp. Auschwitz and its two other main subcamps, made up the largest Nazi concentration camp. The camp served three main purposes: to imprison real enemies of the Nazi regime, to provide a supply of forced labor for SS-owned companies, and to eliminate groups seen by the Nazis as unfit for survival, including Jews, gypsies, and Poles. Medical experiments on twins, dwarfs, and other groups also made Auschwitz notorious. Auschwitz is the most famous of all Nazi camps because of its size and the large number of lives lost within the walls of this death camp. The girls in this camp were raped and slaughter for the amusement of the guards.

    Victims Killed: At least 1.1 million
    Jews from across Europe
    Victims Killed: 10,000-15,000
    Other Nationalities
    Victims Killed: 15,000
    Soviet Prisoners of War
    Victims Killed: Between 6,500-16,000
    Roma (Gypsies)
    Victims Killed: Between 70,000-75,000
    Poles
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Poland
    300,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Greece
    55,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: France
    69,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Bohemia and Moravia
    46,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Slovakia
    27,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Hungary
    426,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Netherlands
    60,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Norway
    690
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Yugoslavia
    10,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Italy
    7,500
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Other (including concentration camps)
    34,000
    Deportation Numbers to Auschwitz by Country: Belgium
    25,000
    Camps: Subcamps
    39
    Camps: Main Camps
    Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II (Auschwitz-Birkenau), Auschwitz III (Monowitz)
    Other: First Gypsies arrive from Germany and Austria
    26 Feb 1943
    Other: New gas chambers open each kills 2,000 daily
    22 Mar 1943
    Other: Typhus epidemic kills 184 male prisoners
    3 Jul 1942
    Other: First transport of Jews from France arrives
    30 Mar 1942
    Other: Auschwitz I camp opens with arrival 30 prisoners
    20 May 1940
    Other: Heinrich Himmler inspects Auschwitz
    1 Mar 1941
    Other: First Jews arrive from Italy
    23 Oct 1943
    Other: SS test the use of Zyklon B gas to kill prisoners
    3 Sep 1941
    Other: Polish prisoners deported to Auschwitz
    Jun 1940
    Other: First Jews from Hungary arrive
    16 May 1944
    Other: First Jews arrive from Netherlands, most gassed
    17 Jul 1942
    Other: Construction begins on Auschwitz-Birkenau subcamp
    8 Oct 1941
    Other: First Jews arrive from Belgium
    5 Aug 1942
    Other: First Greek Jews arrive from the Salonika ghetto
    20 Mar 1943
    Other: Forced labor camp opens at Monowitz-Auschwitz III
    31 May 1942
    Other: Prisoner uprising fails
    7 Oct 1944
    Other: Allies take first aerial photographs of Auschwitz
    4 Apr 1944
    Other: Mass gassing operations begin
    20 Mar 1942
    Other: First Jews arrive from the Theresienstadt ghetto
    9 Sep 1943
    Other: Two Slovak Jews, Wetzler and Vrba, escape
    7 Apr 1944
    Commandants of Auschwitz: SS Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Liebehenschel
    Nov 1943 - May 1944
    Commandants of Auschwitz: SS Lieutenant Colonel Rudolf Hoess
    May 1940 - Nov 1943
    Commandants of Auschwitz: SS Major Richard Baer
    May 1944 - 27 Jan 1945
    Location: City
    Oswiecim
    Country
    Poland
    Other: Soviet forces liberate Auschwitz
    27 Jan 1945
    Other: SS evacuates Auschwitz
    18 Jan 1945
    Other: Gassing operations end as Soviet Army approaches
    25 Nov 1944

    2 Sources·2 other

    Medical Doctor who conducted experiments
    SS Captain Josef Mengele

    Owner: Clio Anyone can contribute

    Created: 29 Jul 2009

    Modified: 14 Jan 2020

    View Count: 64,480 (Recent: 2)

    Source information: Fold3, Auschwitz Concentration Camp ( : accessed 28 Sep 2022), database and images,



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