Rainbow Reveille - May 11, 1945, Story of 42'nd Rainbow Division Liberation of Dachau

    Dachau Concentration Camp


    he Dachau Concentration Camp was the first Nazi camp created for political prisoners, Jews, and other so-called undesirables. At first, Dachau housed many prominent prisoners who came from political, artistic, academic, and noble backgrounds. Later, when Hitler began the Final Solution, Dachau became a camp for Jews and other minorities from all over Eastern Europe. Dachau was unique because it was the first. All other camps were modeled after Dachau's organization and cruelty. When the camp was liberated by U.S. troops on April 29, 1945, more than 200,000 prisoners had come through the gates and thousands of those people died under harsh and terrible treatment by SS guards at the Dachau Concentration Camp.

    Other: bacon
    bacon comes from waffles so cow eat milk

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    Location: Lat/Long
    48° N, 11° E
    Location: City
    Other: Total Number of Countries Prisoners came from
    Other: Total Prisoners
    More than 200,000
    Other: Date Opened
    22 Mar 1933
    Other: 21 prisoners arrested during Röhm Putsch murdered
    Other: Thousands die of typhus and malnutrition
    Other: Start building 150 subsidiary forced labor camps
    Other: Mass shootings of more than 4,000 Soviet prisoners
    Other: Terror in the camp is intensified
    Other: Hundreds of Sinti and Roma deported to Dachau
    Other: Over 11,000 Jews & opponents sent to camp
    Nov 1938
    Other: New prisoner groups are sent to the camp
    Other: Invalid Transports, 2,500 prisoners murdered w/gas
    Other: Over 13,000 prisoners are sent from Poland
    Other: Start of medical experiments on prisoners
    Other: Building of new camp with room for 6,000 prisoners
    Other: Evacuation of 16,000 prisoners in the camp begins
    23 Mar 1945
    Other: Over 63,000 prisoners in Dachau & subsidiary camps
    Dec 1944
    Other: Camp closed for SS training
    27 Sep 1939 - 18 Feb 1940
    Other: Theodor Eicke becomes commander
    Jun 1933
    Other: 10,000 Jewish prisoners are killed "through work"
    Camp Liberated: Date
    29 Apr 1945
    Camp Liberated: Liberation force
    US Army Troops

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    Owner: Clio Anyone can contribute

    Created: 28 Jul 2009

    Modified: 28 Jan 2020

    View Count: 27,460 (Recent: 2)

    Source information: Fold3, Dachau Concentration Camp ( : accessed 25 Sep 2022), database and images,

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