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- Conflict: Civil War
- Records: 3,556
Court Slave Records for DC
Pictures & Records
- Publication Title:
- Court Slave Records for DC
- Content Source:
- The National Archives
- Publication Number:
- Published on Fold3:
- February 13, 2009
- Last Update:
- February 14, 2009
- NARA M433. Records of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia Relating to Slaves, 1851-63, including emancipation and manumission papers.
- American Colonization Society
- Amistad - Federal court records
- Amistad - Supreme Court records
- Board of Commissioners - Emancipation of Slaves in DC
- Civil War Soldiers - Union - Colored Troops 2nd-7th Infantry
- Civil War Soldiers - Union - Colored Troops 8th-13th Infantry
- Danish West Indies - Slavery and Emancipation
- Military Intelligence Division - Negro Subversion
- Registro Central de Esclavos
- Sec of the Interior - Suppression of Slave Trade and Colonization
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Records of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia Relating to Slaves, 1851-1963. NARA Publication M433.
Images from this microfilm publication reproduce all the records relating to slavery in the District of Columbia that were kept by the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Columbia. These records include emancipation papers, 1857-63, manumission papers, 1851-63, and case papers relating to fugitive slaves, 1851-63.
An act of April 16, 1862, which abolished slavery in the District of Columbia, required loyal owners of freed slaves to file schedules of their slaves by July 15, 1862, in order to claim compensation. A supplementary act of July 12, 1862, permitted schedules to be filed by slaves whose former owners had neglected to file. The act also granted freedom to slaves whose owners lived outside the District of Columbia and who, with the owners' consent, were employed within the District after April 16, 1862.
The emancipation papers consist of these schedules, usually with notes giving dates when certificates of freedom were issued to former slaves. The manumission papers, 1851-63, record the voluntary freeing of slaves by their owners and in general they consist of schedules similar to those in the emanicipation papers.
Included in the court's records are a series of papers relating to fugitive slaves, 1851-63. Many of these cases contain only the warrants for arrest; others contain papers relating to proof of ownership.
The descriptive pamphlet for this title, published by NARA, is available here.