UK, Royal Hospital Chelsea Pensioner Soldier Service Records

Records: 1,040,075 · Complete: 100%

The Royal Hospital Chelsea was the administrative office for the British army and has been responsible for distributing pension payments to British soldiers since the 1680s. While some pensioners surrendered their pension to the hospital and lived within the premises (“in-pensioners”), many more lived outside the confines and received their pensions elsewhere (“out-pensioners”). By 1815, there were already 36,757 out-pensioners and they remained under military discipline to some extent; they formed a reserve pool to be called on in case of wartime emergency or domestic crisis. Documents after 1883 usually contain fuller particulars, such as next of kin and details of marriage and children. The attestation and discharge documents constitute the most detailed record of a soldier's service. These records usually give particulars of age, birthplace, service (including any decorations), information about physical description, previous occupation on enlistment and the reason given for discharge to pension. After 1883, most soldiers will appear in these records if they survived their service.

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Source Information

Fold3, UK, Royal Hospital Chelsea Pensioner Soldier Service Records (/title/972/uk-royal-hospital-chelsea-pensioner-soldier-service-records : accessed October 18, 2019), database and images,

Publication Title
UK, Royal Hospital Chelsea Pensioner Soldier Service Records
Total Records
Records: 1,040,075 · Complete: 100%
Content Source
The National Archives of the UK logoThe National Archives of the UK
Published on Fold3
October 19, 2016
Last Updated
August 7, 2018
Description
This collection comprises service documents of soldiers (but not officers) who either became in- or out-pensioners of the Royal Hospital Chelsea.