Mississippi 1st Infantry Colored Troops (Union)
16 May 1863
Mississippi 1st Infantry Colored Troops organized.
18 May 1863
Participated in the Battle of Vicksburg at Vicksburg, Mississippi.
In mid-May, 1863, after six months of unsuccessful attempts, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee finally converged on Vicksburg, defended by a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton. Capture of the Mississippi River town was critical to Union control of the strategic river. Vicksburg was located on a high river bluff defended with artillery, and Pemberton's men had constructed a series of fortifications in an 8-mile arc surrounding the city on the landward side. After crossing the…
11 Mar 1864
Mississippi 1st Infantry Colored Troops mustered out.