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Illinois 120th Volunteer Infantry (Union)

28 Oct 1862

Illinois 120th Volunteer Infantry organized.

18 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Vicksburg at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

The Battle of Vicksburg
The Battle of Vicksburg

In mid-May, 1863, after six months of unsuccessful attempts, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee finally converged on Vicksburg, defended by a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton. Capture of the Mississippi River town was critical to Union control of the strategic river. Vicksburg was located on a high river bluff defended with artillery, and Pemberton's men had constructed a series of fortifications in an 8-mile arc surrounding the city on the landward side. After crossing the… Read More

10 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Brice's Crossroads at Baldwyn, Mississippi.

The Battle of Brice's Crossroads
The Battle of Brice's Crossroads

In late May 1864, Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest set out from Mississippi with his cavalry corps to enter Tennessee and destroy the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, which was carrying men and supplies from Nashville to support Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's campaign against Atlanta. Sherman, who suspected the Confederate cavalry leader would cause havoc behind his lines, ordered Brig. Gen. Samuel Sturgis to move from Memphis to counter Forrest and to control northern Mississippi.  Sturgis's fir… Read More

10 Sep 1865

Illinois 120th Volunteer Infantry mustered out.