New York 124th Infantry (Union)

    05 Sep 1862

    New York 124th Infantry organized at New York.

    13 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg

    In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel A. Van Horne Ellis.

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Emlen Franklin.

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Amiel W. Whipple, and Brigadier General Charles K. Graham.

    Brigadier General Amiel W. Whipple

    Brigadier General Charles K. Graham

    30 Apr 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Amiel W. Whipple.

    Brigadier General Amiel W. Whipple

    30 Apr 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Battle of Chancellorsville

    On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

    09 Jun 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Francis M. Cummins.

    Lieutenant Colonel Francis M. Cummins

    09 Jun 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Adelbert Ames.

    Brigadier General Adelbert Ames

    09 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Brandy Station at Culpepper County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Brandy Station
    The Battle of Brandy Station

    > *As we emerged from the woods into an open space or field where our mounted skirmishers were deployed, it was clearly discovered that our troops were confronted with a heavy line of infantry, who, with weapons of a longer range than that of our carbines, were dismounting our men at a fearful rate, whilst they were unable to inflict any punishment upon the enemy. As Colonel Devin approached the skirmish line, he at once became the target for the Rebel sharp shooters and, the way the minnie balls were whiz… Read More

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Augustus van H. Ellis, Lieutenant Colonel Francis M. Cummins, and Major James Cromwell.

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward, and Colonel Hiram Berdan.

    Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward

    Colonel Hiram Berdan

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward, and Major General David B. Birney.

    Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward

    Major General David B. Birney

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Augustus van H. Ellis.

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Francis M. Cummins.

    Lieutenant Colonel Francis M. Cummins

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Regiment led by Major James Cromwell.

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward.

    Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward

    01 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

    13 Oct 1863

    Participated in the Battle of First Auburn at Fauquier County, Virginia.

    The Battle of First Auburn
    The Battle of First Auburn

    Federal and Confederate cavalry engaged at the First Battle of Auburn on October 13, and left General James Ewell Brown Stuart's men trapped. Stuart concealed 3,000 men in a ravine overnight before getting word to Lee. Lee sent General Richard S. Ewell to Stuart's aid, and his force engaged a Federal rearguard under General Gouverneur K. Warren in the Second Battle of Auburn on October 14. Read More

    14 Oct 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Second Auburn at Fauquier County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Auburn
    The Battle of Second Auburn

    Federal and Confederate cavalry engaged at the First Battle of Auburn on October 13, and left General James Ewell Brown Stuart's men trapped. Stuart concealed 3,000 men in a ravine overnight before getting word to Lee. Lee sent General Richard S. Ewell to Stuart's aid, and his force engaged a Federal rearguard under General Gouverneur K. Warren in the Second Battle of Auburn on October 14. Read More

    27 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Mine Run
    The Battle of Mine Run

    After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River. On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the Orange… Read More

    05 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Wilderness
    The Battle of Wilderness

    The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

    08 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

    28 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek at Hanover County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
    The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek

    Operations along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond opened with cavalry combat at the Pamunkey River crossing at Dabney's Ferry (near Hanovertown) and at Crump's Creek on May 27th. During the cavalry fight at Haw's Shop on May 28th, Union and Confederate infantry arrived in the vicinity and the Confederates entrenched behind Totopotomoy Creek. On the 29th, the Union army Second, Ninth, and Fifth Corps probed Lee's position along the creek, while the Sixth Corps felt its way toward Hanover Court House.… Read More

    31 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

    The Battle of Cold Harbor
    The Battle of Cold Harbor

    After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

    15 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Second Petersburg at Petersburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Petersburg
    The Battle of Second Petersburg

    As the Overland Campaign concluded, the strategic goals of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted from the defeat of Robert E. Lee's army in the field to eliminating the supply and communication routes to the Confederate capital at Richmond. The city of Petersburg, 24 miles south of Richmond, was the junction point of five railroads that supplied the entire upper James River region. Grant knew Petersburg was the key to the capture of Richmond and that Lee would be forced to defend it. Marching south from Co… Read More

    21 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road at Petersburg, Virginia.

    27 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of First Deep Bottom at Henrico County, Virginia.

    The Battle of First Deep Bottom
    The Battle of First Deep Bottom

    Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a large frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Determined to break the stalemate, Grant agreed to plans to blow up part of the Confederate def… Read More

    30 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Crater at Petersburg, VA.

    The Battle of Crater
    The Battle of Crater

    Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides had settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Part of the Union line was held by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps. Some of Burnside'… Read More

    18 Aug 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Globe Tavern at Petersburg, Virginia.

    27 Oct 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General P. Regis De Trobriand.

    Brigadier General P. Regis De Trobriand

    27 Oct 1864

    Assigned to the Division led by undefined Bvt MG Gershom Mott.

    27 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Boydton Plank Road at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

    02 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Third Petersburg at Dinwiddie County, Virginia; Petersburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Third Petersburg
    The Battle of Third Petersburg

    With the Confederate defeat at Five Forks on April 1st, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George Meade ordered a general assault against the Petersburg lines by the Second, Ninth, Sixth and Twenty-Fourth Corps to take place April 2nd. In the pre-dawn darkness, the Union infantry gained a successful breakthrough where Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright's advancing Sixth Corps met the Confederate lines held by Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill near the Boydton Plank Road. Hill was killed trying to reach his troops in t… Read More

    06 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Sailor's Creek at Amelia County, Virginia; Prince Edward County, Virginia; Nottoway County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Sailor's Creek
    The Battle of Sailor's Creek

    Five days after Robert E. Lee's men retreated from the trenches of Petersburg, cavalry under Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan effectively cut off three separate corps of Lee's army near Sailor's Creek, a tributary of the Appomattox River, while the Union Second and Sixth Corps approached from the east. On April 6th, two brigades of Andrew H. Humphrey's Second Corps overwhelmed two brigades of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division as the Confederates struggled to move their supply and artillery trains across the creek… Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House
    The Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

    03 Jun 1865

    New York 124th Infantry mustered out at New York.