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Ohio 105th Volunteer Infantry (Union)

01 Aug 1862

Ohio 105th Volunteer Infantry organized.

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William Rufus Terrill.

Brigadier General William Rufus Terrill

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General James Streshly Jackson.

Brigadier General James Streshly Jackson

08 Oct 1862

Participated in the Battle of Perryville at Perryville, Kentucky.

The Battle of Perryville
The Battle of Perryville

On October 7, 1862, Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio, in pursuit of Gen Braxton Bragg’s Army of Mississippi, approached the crossroads town of Perryville, Kentucky. Union forces skirmished with Confederates on the Springfield Pike before heavy fighting began on Peters Hill. The next day, fighting continued as a Union division advanced up the pike. After noon, a Confederate division struck the Union left flank and forced it to fall back. When more Confederates joined the fray, the Union line ma… Read More

24 Jun 1863

Participated in the Battle of Hoover's Gap at Bedford County, Tennessee; Rutherford County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Hoover's Gap
The Battle of Hoover's Gap

On the morning of June 24th [1863], at 3 o'clock, we left camp 5 miles north of Murfreesboro, and started to the "front," in advance of everything. As we passed through the camps in Murfreesboro, the rattle of drums, sounding of bugles, and clatter of wagons, told us plainly that the whole army was to follow in our wake, and we knew full well, from the direction we were taking, that a few hours march would bring the brigade to some of the strongholds of the enemy, so there was silence in the column as we m… Read More

19 Sep 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chickamauga at Catoosa County, Georgia; Walker County, Georgia.

The Battle of Chickamauga
The Battle of Chickamauga

After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army out of Chattanooga.  Through a series of skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg out of Chattanooga and into Georgia.  Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg followed the Federals north, brushing with Rosecrans’ army at Davis’ Cross Roads.  While they marched on September 18th, his cavalry and infantry ski… Read More

23 Nov 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chattanooga Campaign at Chattanooga, TN.

The Battle of Chattanooga Campaign
The Battle of Chattanooga Campaign

After taking charge of the Union’s western armies in October of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant focused on lifting the Confederate siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee, which had been in place since the Battle of Chickamauga in September.  Grant opened the “Cracker Line” across the Tennessee River to bring supplies to the beleaguered Army of the Cumberland inside the city, and, in mid-November, brought Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s Army of the Tennessee into the city as well.  The Confederates under… Read More

25 Nov 1863

Participated in the Battle of Missionary Ridge at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

The Battle of Missionary Ridge
The Battle of Missionary Ridge

From the last days of September through October 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg’s army laid siege to the Union army under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans at Chattanooga, cutting off its supplies. On October 17, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant received command of the Western armies; he moved to reinforce Chattanooga and replaced Rosecrans with Maj. Gen. George Thomas. A new supply line was soon established. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman arrived with his four divisions in mid-November, and the Federals began offensive operat… Read More

13 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Resaca at Gordon County, Georgia; Whitfield County, Georgia.

The Battle of Resaca
The Battle of Resaca

Following his withdrawal from Rocky Face Ridge, the first battle in Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's campaign against Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston established a four-mile defensive position protecting the Western & Atlantic Railroad west and north of Resaca, where the railroad crossed the Oostanaula River.  On May 13th, Sherman tested the Rebel lines, sending forward divisions to skirmish with the Confederates, with little substantive result. On the 14th, the fighting erupted into a… Read More

27 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain at Cobb County, Georgia.

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

Fearing envelopment northwest of Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston withdrew his army to a new defensive position astride Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta.  Johnston selected this position in order to protect the Western & Atlantic Railroad, his supply link to Atlanta. Prior to taking up this new line on June 19th, Johnston had pioneers working through the night digging trenches and erecting fortifications, turning Kennesaw into a formidable earthen fortress.  Having defeated Lieut.… Read More

20 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Peachtree Creek at Fulton County, Georgia.

The Battle of Peachtree Creek
The Battle of Peachtree Creek

Weary of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's pattern of retreat through northwest Georgia in the face of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancing armies, President Jefferson Davis removed him from command of the Army of Tennessee, replacing him with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood.  On July 20th, Hood determined to take the fight to the enemy by setting upon an isolated portion of Sherman's forces in front of Atlanta. Hood's target would be the Union corps of Maj. Gens. Oliver O. Howard and Joseph Hooker from Maj. Gen… Read More

22 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Atlanta at Fulton County, Georgia; DeKalb County, Georgia.

The Battle of Atlanta
The Battle of Atlanta

Despite the defeat at Peach Tree Creek, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood still had hopes of driving Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Yankees from the outskirts of Atlanta with an offensive blow. On the night of July 21, 1864, Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make 15-mile night march and assault the Union left flank east of the city, held by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee. Joining the attack with Hardee would be the corps of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Cheatham. Hood attac… Read More

05 Aug 1864

Participated in the Battle of Utoy Creek at Fulton County, Georgia.

The Battle of Utoy Creek
The Battle of Utoy Creek

In the days following Ezra Church, Gen. William T. Sherman ordered Generals George Thomas and John Schofield to keep testing and pressuring the Rebels in their front. With his artillery bombarding Atlanta, Sherman pursued his plan of inching his army's right flank southward toward the Macon & Western Railroad between Atlanta and East Point. His hope was "to draw the enemy out of Atlanta by threatening the railroad below." Sherman was confident that by thinning and extending his lines, shifting Thomas'… Read More

31 Aug 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Newell Gleason.

31 Aug 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Absalom Baird.

Brigadier General Absalom Baird

31 Aug 1864

Participated in the Battle of Jonesborough at Clayton County, Georgia.

The Battle of Jonesborough
The Battle of Jonesborough

By late August 1865, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. A few supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids inflicted only superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could destroy the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads to the south the Rebel army would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25, Union infantry beg… Read More

19 Mar 1865

Participated in the Battle of Bentonville at Bentonville, NC.

The Battle of Bentonville
The Battle of Bentonville

After his march to the sea, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman headed north in early 1865 to unite with Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s army in Virginia. Only Confederate Gen. Joseph Johnston’s army stood between Sherman and Grant. After briefly blocking Sherman’s advance at Averasboro, North Carolina on March 16, Johnston struck Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum's wing of Sherman’s army near Bentonville on March 19. The Confederates ran into stiff resistance, as Slocum established a defensive position. Johnston's assaults con… Read More

03 Jun 1865

Ohio 105th Volunteer Infantry mustered out.