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New York 121st Infantry (Union)

13 Aug 1862

New York 121st Infantry organized.

14 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of South Mountain at Frederick County, Maryland; Washington County, Maryland; Boonsboro, Maryland.

The Battle of South Mountain
The Battle of South Mountain

After his success at Second Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia north across the Potomac River on an invasion of Maryland in September of 1862. Lee divided his army, sending a portion of it into western Maryland while Lieut. Gen. Stonewall Jackson's wing attempted to capture the Federal garrison at Harper's Ferry. The bold plan was jeopardized on September 13th when a mislaid copy of Lee's orders revealing the Confederates' plans was given to Union commander Maj. Gen. George B. M… Read More

30 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Chancellorsville
The Battle of Chancellorsville

On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

03 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Salem Church at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Salem Church
The Battle of Salem Church

The Battle of Salem Church was part of Chancellorsville Campaign and was fought in Spotsylvania County, Virginia on May 4rd and 4th, 1863. Read More

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Joseph J. Bartlett, and Colonel Emory Upton.

Brigadier General Joseph J. Bartlett

Colonel Emory Upton

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Horatio G. Wright.

Brigadier General Horatio G. Wright

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

27 Nov 1863

Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Mine Run
The Battle of Mine Run

After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River.  On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the O… Read More

05 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Wilderness
The Battle of Wilderness

The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

08 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

31 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

The Battle of Cold Harbor
The Battle of Cold Harbor

After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

21 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road at Petersburg, Virginia.

11 Jul 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major Henry Galpin.

11 Jul 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Emory Upton.

Brigadier General Emory Upton

11 Jul 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General David A. Russell.

Brigadier General David A. Russell

11 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fort Stevens at District of Columbia, DC.

The Battle of Fort Stevens
The Battle of Fort Stevens

After his victory over Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace at the Battle of Monocacy in central Maryland on July 9th, Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early pressed his advantage and moved south toward the Union capital in Washington, DC. On July 11th, Early's exhausted Confederates reached the outskirts of Washington near Silver Spring. Skirmishers advanced to feel the fortifications that encircled the city, which at the time were manned only by Home Guards, clerks, and convalescent troops. During the night, Union reinfo… Read More

19 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Third Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester, Virginia.

The Battle of Third Winchester
The Battle of Third Winchester

To clear the Shenandoah River valley of Confederates, Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan moved on Winchester in mid-September 1864. Sheridan’s force of over 39,000 men was more than twice the size of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army defending the valley. After Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw’s division left Winchester to rejoin Robert E. Lee’s army at Petersburg, Early renewed his raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg in the lower valley, dispersing his four remaining infantry divisions. On Septem… Read More

21 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fisher's Hill at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

The Battle of Fisher's Hill
The Battle of Fisher's Hill

Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley, bloodied by its defeat at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19th, retreated 20 miles up the valley and took a defensive position in an east-west line across Fisher’s Hill, southwest of Strasburg.  Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah, in accordance with Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's orders, aggressively pursued Early.  Sheridan, outnumbering Early about three to one, noted that the right of the Confederate line was… Read More

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Daniel D. Jackson, and Lieutenant Colonel Egbert Olcott.

Captain Daniel D. Jackson

Lieutenant Colonel Egbert Olcott

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Joseph Eldridge Hamblin, Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie, and Lieutenant Colonel Egbert Olcott.

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Frank Wheaton.

Brigadier General Frank Wheaton

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Joseph Eldridge Hamblin.

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie.

19 Oct 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cedar Creek
The Battle of Cedar Creek

Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

25 Mar 1865

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Egbert Olcott.

25 Mar 1865

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Joseph E. Hamblin.

Brigadier General Joseph E. Hamblin

25 Mar 1865

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Frank Wheaton.

Major General Frank Wheaton

25 Mar 1865

Participated in the Battle of Fort Stedman at Petersburg, VA.

The Battle of Fort Stedman
The Battle of Fort Stedman

By March of 1865, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's grip on the Confederate lines around Petersburg was having its desired effect. Outnumbered and weakened by disease, desertion and shortage of food and supplies, Gen. Robert E. Lee had few options. After careful study of the Union troops in his sector of the line, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon suggested to Lee the possibility of a successful offensive strike against Grant. In front of Gordon's men, Union-held Fort Stedman seemed the best target for a Confederate a… Read More

02 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Third Petersburg at Dinwiddie County, Virginia; Petersburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Third Petersburg
The Battle of Third Petersburg

With the Confederate defeat at Five Forks on April 1st, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George Meade ordered a general assault against the Petersburg lines by the Second, Ninth, Sixth and Twenty-Fourth Corps to take place April 2nd. In the pre-dawn darkness, the Union infantry gained a successful breakthrough where Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright's advancing Sixth Corps met the Confederate lines held by Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill near the Boydton Plank Road. Hill was killed trying to reach his troops in t… Read More

06 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Sailor's Creek at Amelia County, Virginia; Prince Edward County, Virginia; Nottoway County, Virginia.

The Battle of Sailor's Creek
The Battle of Sailor's Creek

Five days after Robert E. Lee's men retreated from the trenches of Petersburg, cavalry under Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan effectively cut off three separate corps of Lee's army near Sailor's Creek, a tributary of the Appomattox River, while the Union Second and Sixth Corps approached from the east. On April 6th, two brigades of Andrew H. Humphrey's Second Corps overwhelmed two brigades of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division as the Confederates struggled to move their supply and artillery trains across the creek… Read More

09 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

The Battle of Appomattox Court House
The Battle of Appomattox Court House

Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

25 Jun 1865

New York 121st Infantry mustered out.