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Wisconsin 7th Infantry (Union)

02 Sep 1861

Wisconsin 7th Infantry organized.

28 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Bull Run
The Battle of Second Bull Run

After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

14 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of South Mountain at Frederick County, Maryland; Washington County, Maryland; Boonsboro, Maryland.

The Battle of South Mountain
The Battle of South Mountain

After his success at Second Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia north across the Potomac River on an invasion of Maryland in September of 1862. Lee divided his army, sending a portion of it into western Maryland while Lieut. Gen. Stonewall Jackson's wing attempted to capture the Federal garrison at Harper's Ferry. The bold plan was jeopardized on September 13th when a mislaid copy of Lee's orders revealing the Confederates' plans was given to Union commander Maj. Gen. George B. M… Read More

17 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

13 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Fredericksburg
The Battle of Fredericksburg

In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel William W. Robinson.

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Solomon Meredith.

Brigadier General Solomon Meredith

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General James S. Wadsworth.

Brigadier General James S. Wadsworth

30 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Chancellorsville
The Battle of Chancellorsville

On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

09 Jun 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel William Robinson.

09 Jun 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General David A. Russell.

Brigadier General David A. Russell

09 Jun 1863

Participated in the Battle of Brandy Station at Culpepper County, Virginia.

The Battle of Brandy Station
The Battle of Brandy Station

> *As we emerged from the woods into an open space or field where our mounted skirmishers were deployed, it was clearly discovered that our troops were confronted with a heavy line of infantry, who, with weapons of a longer range than that of our carbines, were dismounting our men at a fearful rate, whilst they were unable to inflict any punishment upon the enemy. As Colonel Devin approached the skirmish line, he at once became the target for the Rebel sharp shooters and, the way the minnie balls were whiz… Read More

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel William W. Robinson, Lieutenant Colonel John B. Callis, and Major Mark Finnicum.

Colonel William W. Robinson

Lieutenant Colonel John B. Callis

Major Mark Finnicum

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Solomon Meredith, and Colonel William W. Robinson.

Brigadier General Solomon Meredith

Colonel William W. Robinson

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel John B. Callis.

Lieutenant Colonel John B. Callis

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major Mark Finnicum.

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Solomon Meredith.

Brigadier General Solomon Meredith

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

05 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Wilderness
The Battle of Wilderness

The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

08 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

31 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

The Battle of Cold Harbor
The Battle of Cold Harbor

After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

15 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Second Petersburg at Petersburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Petersburg
The Battle of Second Petersburg

As the Overland Campaign concluded, the strategic goals of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted from the defeat of Robert E. Lee's army in the field to eliminating the supply and communication routes to the Confederate capital at Richmond.  The city of Petersburg, 24 miles south of Richmond, was the junction point of five railroads that supplied the entire upper James River region. Grant knew Petersburg was the key to the capture of Richmond and that Lee would be forced to defend it. Marching south fr… Read More

21 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road at Petersburg, Virginia.

30 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Crater at Petersburg, VA.

The Battle of Crater
The Battle of Crater

Two weeks after Union forces arrived to invest the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, the battle lines of both sides had settled into a stalemate. Since Cold Harbor, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was reluctant to mount a frontal attack against well-entrenched Confederates. By late June, Grant's lines covered most of the eastern approaches to Petersburg, but neither side seemed ready to risk an offensive move. Part of the Union line was held by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps. Some of Burnside'… Read More

18 Aug 1864

Participated in the Battle of Globe Tavern at Petersburg, Virginia.

01 Apr 1865

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Hollon Richardson.

Lieutenant Colonel Hollon Richardson

01 Apr 1865

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel John Azor Kellogg.

01 Apr 1865

Assigned to the Division led by undefined Bvt MG Samuel W. Crawford.

01 Apr 1865

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Hollon Richardson.

Lieutenant Colonel Hollon Richardson

01 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Five Forks at Five Forks, Virginia.

The Battle of Five Forks
The Battle of Five Forks

The Union victory along the White Oak Road on March 31st threatened to destabilize the entire Confederate line west of Petersburg. General Robert E. Lee ordered Maj. Gen. George Pickett with his infantry division and the cavalry divisions of Col. Thomas Munford, Maj. Gen. W.H.F. Lee, and Maj. Gen Thomas Rosser to hold the vital crossroads of Five Forks, along the White Oak Road five miles west of the previous fighting there. Pickett's defensive line was not well constructed, and much of his cavalry force w… Read More

02 Jul 1865

Wisconsin 7th Infantry mustered out.