West Virginia 3rd Volunteer Cavalry (Union)

    01 Jun 1862

    West Virginia 3rd Volunteer Cavalry organized at West Virginia.

    08 Jun 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Cross Keys at Rockingham County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Cross Keys
    The Battle of Cross Keys

    Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont's and his 11,000-man Mountain Department army were tasked with keeping Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's two-division force engaged in the Shenandoah Valley and unable to join with Robert E. Lee's army defending Richmond during the Peninsula Campaign against the Confederate capital. In early June, Jackson's men under Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell were encamped in the vicinity of Cross Keys on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. Union screening cavalry approached Jackson f… Read More

    28 Aug 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Bull Run
    The Battle of Second Bull Run

    After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

    13 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg

    In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

    09 Jun 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    09 Jun 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    09 Jun 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    09 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Brandy Station at Culpepper County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Brandy Station
    The Battle of Brandy Station

    > *As we emerged from the woods into an open space or field where our mounted skirmishers were deployed, it was clearly discovered that our troops were confronted with a heavy line of infantry, who, with weapons of a longer range than that of our carbines, were dismounting our men at a fearful rate, whilst they were unable to inflict any punishment upon the enemy. As Colonel Devin approached the skirmish line, he at once became the target for the Rebel sharp shooters and, the way the minnie balls were whiz… Read More

    13 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Second Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester County, Virginia.

    21 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Upperville at Loudoun County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Upperville
    The Battle of Upperville

    On June 21st, Union cavalry made a another determined effort to pierce Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry screen of Robert E. Lee's invading army as it moved north. Two days after skirmishing with the Union cavalry brigade of Col. J. Irvin Gregg in and around Middleburg, Brig. Gens. Wade Hampton and Beverly Robertson's brigades made a stand and beat back Brig. Gen. David McM. Gregg's division near a stone bridge over Goose Creek, four miles east of Upperville. Gregg called for infantry support, and received… Read More

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    01 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

    06 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Williamsport at Washington County, Maryland.

    The Battle of Williamsport
    The Battle of Williamsport

    During the night of July 4-5th, General Robert E. Lee's battered army began its retreat from Gettysburg, moving southwest toward Hagerstown and the Potomac River crossing at Williamsport, screened by Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart's cavalry. Lee's infantry reached the rain-swollen Potomac but could not cross, the pontoon bridge having been destroyed by a cavalry raid. On July 11th, Lee entrenched a line protecting the river crossings at Williamsport and waited for Maj. Gen. George G. Meade's army to advance. On… Read More

    14 Oct 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Bristoe Station at Prince William County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Bristoe Station
    The Battle of Bristoe Station

    In early October 1863, the Union army withdrew from its central Virginia pursuit of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, 90 days after the Gettysburg campaign. Lee and the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. George G. Meade maintained close contact with each other as Meade moved north towards Centreville. On October 14th, Lieut. Gen. A.P. Hill's corps stumbled upon two corps of the retreating Union army at Bristoe Station and attacked without proper reconnaissance. Union soldiers of Maj. Gen. Gouver… Read More

    17 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Lynchburg at Lynchburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Lynchburg
    The Battle of Lynchburg

    The Union threat forced Robert E. Lee to dispatch General Jubal Early with his Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia to defend Lynchburg. On June 17 and 18, the opposing forces clashed, resulting in a Union retreat all the way into West Virginia, leaving the Valley open for another Confederate advance into the North. Read More

    24 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Second Kernstown at Frederick County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Kernstown
    The Battle of Second Kernstown

    As the forces under Maj. Gen. Jubal Early withdrew south after the battle at Cool Spring, and believing that Early's army was no longer a threat in the Shenandoah Valley, Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright abandoned his pursuit and ordered the Sixth and Nineteenth Corps to return to Washington, where they were to be sent back to the Union army before Petersburg. Wright left Brig. Gen. George Crook with three divisions and some cavalry to hold Winchester. Under Lee's orders to prevent reinforcements from being sent t… Read More

    07 Aug 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Moorefield at Hardy County, West Virginia.

    19 Sep 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Third Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester, Virginia.

    The Battle of Third Winchester
    The Battle of Third Winchester

    To clear the Shenandoah River valley of Confederates, Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan moved on Winchester in mid-September 1864. Sheridan's force of over 39,000 men was more than twice the size of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army defending the valley. After Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw's division left Winchester to rejoin Robert E. Lee's army at Petersburg, Early renewed his raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg in the lower valley, dispersing his four remaining infantry divisions. On Septem… Read More

    21 Sep 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Fisher's Hill at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fisher's Hill
    The Battle of Fisher's Hill

    Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Army of the Valley, bloodied by its defeat at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19th, retreated 20 miles up the valley and took a defensive position in an east-west line across Fisher's Hill, southwest of Strasburg. Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah, in accordance with Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's orders, aggressively pursued Early. Sheridan, outnumbering Early about three to one, noted that the right of the Confederate line was anchored o… Read More

    19 Oct 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by .

    19 Oct 1864

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    19 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Cedar Creek
    The Battle of Cedar Creek

    Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

    02 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia at Augusta County, Virginia.

    31 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

    01 Apr 1865

    Assigned to the Division led by .

    01 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Five Forks at Five Forks, Virginia.

    The Battle of Five Forks
    The Battle of Five Forks

    The Union victory along the White Oak Road on March 31st threatened to destabilize the entire Confederate line west of Petersburg. General Robert E. Lee ordered Maj. Gen. George Pickett with his infantry division and the cavalry divisions of Col. Thomas Munford, Maj. Gen. W.H.F. Lee, and Maj. Gen Thomas Rosser to hold the vital crossroads of Five Forks, along the White Oak Road five miles west of the previous fighting there. Pickett's defensive line was not well constructed, and much of his cavalry force w… Read More

    03 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Namozine Church at Namozine, Virginia.

    06 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Sailor's Creek at Amelia County, Virginia; Prince Edward County, Virginia; Nottoway County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Sailor's Creek
    The Battle of Sailor's Creek

    Five days after Robert E. Lee's men retreated from the trenches of Petersburg, cavalry under Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan effectively cut off three separate corps of Lee's army near Sailor's Creek, a tributary of the Appomattox River, while the Union Second and Sixth Corps approached from the east. On April 6th, two brigades of Andrew H. Humphrey's Second Corps overwhelmed two brigades of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division as the Confederates struggled to move their supply and artillery trains across the creek… Read More

    08 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Station at Appomattox Co, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Station
    The Battle of Appomattox Station

    Harried mercilessly by Federal troops and continually cut off from turning south to reach Gen. Joseph Johnston's army in North Carolina, General Robert E. Lee headed west along the Appomattox River, eventually arriving in Appomattox County on April 8th. His objective was the South Side Railroad at Appomattox Station where food supplies awaited. Union cavalry under Brig. Gen. George A. Custer reached the station first, capturing three supply trains. While at the station, Custer's men came under attack from… Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House
    The Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

    23 Jun 1865

    West Virginia 3rd Volunteer Cavalry mustered out at West Virginia.