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North Carolina 34th Infantry (Confederate)

25 Oct 1861

North Carolina 34th Infantry organized.

31 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of Seven Pines at Henrico County, Virginia.

The Battle of Seven Pines
The Battle of Seven Pines

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26 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of Mechanicsville at Hanover Couunty, Virginia.

The Battle of Mechanicsville
The Battle of Mechanicsville

Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac remained northeast of Richmond for three weeks after the Battle of Seven Pines. The new commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, Gen. Robert E. Lee, took that time to reorganize his defenses of the capital city and receive the reinforcements of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's division from the Shenandoah Valley. After attacking Lee inconclusively at Oak Grove on June 25th, McClellan remained in place, with four of his five army corps south of… Read More

27 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of Gaines' Mill at Hanover County, Virginia.

The Battle of Gaines' Mill
The Battle of Gaines' Mill

Despite his victory over the Confederates at Beaver Dam Creek on June 26th, Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter’s Fifth Corps abandoned its position early on June 27th and established a new defensive line along Boatswain’s Creek, just north of the Chickahominy River. Read More

30 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of Glendale at Henrico County, Virginia.

The Battle of Glendale
The Battle of Glendale

Following the rear guard action at Savage's Station on June 29th, Maj. Gen. George McClellan's Army of the Potomac continued its retreat toward the safety of Harrison's Landing on the James River. On June 30th, after five days of constant fighting, the Confederate divisions of Maj. Gens. Benjamin Huger, James Longstreet, and A.P. Hill converged on the retreating Union army in the vicinity of Glendale. Longstreet’s and Hill’s attacks penetrated the Union defense near Willis Church, routing Brig. Gen. George… Read More

09 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William D. Pender.

Brigadier General William D. Pender

09 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Major General A.P. Hill.

Major General A.P. Hill

09 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Cedar Mountain at Culpepper County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cedar Mountain
The Battle of Cedar Mountain

Maj. Gen. John Pope was placed in command of the newly-constituted Army of Virginia on June 26th. Pope's orders were to defend Washington DC and Union-held northern Virginia while the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan battled Robert E. Lee outside of Richmond.  When McClellan was defeated at the end of the Seven Days battles less than a week later, Lee turned his attention north toward Pope while McClellan regrouped his army. Pope's three army corps were arrayed in a line from th… Read More

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Richard H. Riddick.

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Ambrose P. Hill.

Major General Ambrose P. Hill

28 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Bull Run
The Battle of Second Bull Run

After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

01 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Chantilly at Fairfax Co, VA.

The Battle of Chantilly
The Battle of Chantilly

Confederate Maj. Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson hoped to cut off the Union retreat from Manassas the day after the Confederate victory at the second battle fought there. Jackson's wing of Lee's army made a wide, flanking march, screened by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, north and then east, to take the strategically important village of Germantown. There, Maj. Gen. John Pope's only two retreat routes to Washington - the Warrenton Pike and the Little River Turnpike - converged. On September 1st, beyond Chanti… Read More

12 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Harpers Ferry at Jefferson County, West Virginia; Loundon County, Virginia; Washington County, Maryland.

The Battle of Harpers Ferry
The Battle of Harpers Ferry

As General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia advanced into Maryland in the fall of 1862, Lee made plans to capture the vital Union garrison at Harpers Ferry in the rear of his invading army.  Although Maj. Gen. George McClellan's Army of the Potomac was in pursuit, in a bold maneuver Lee divided his army, sending three columns under Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson to Harpers Ferry while the rest of the army marched towards Hagerstown, Maryland. Surrounded on three sides by steep heights, the t… Read More

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel John McDowell.

Lieutenant Colonel John McDowell

17 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

19 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Shepherdstown at Jefferson County, West Virginia.

The Battle of Shepherdstown
The Battle of Shepherdstown

On September 18th, the day after the battle at Antietam, both sides remained on the battlefield too bloodied to resume fighting. That evening, lead elements of Gen. Robert E. Lee's army began to withdraw across the Potomac River back into Virginia at Boteler's Ford near Shepherdstown. Artillery on the south side of the river placed by Brig. Gen. William Pendleton covered the crossing of the remainder of Lee's army that night. On September 20th, a detachment of Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter's Fifth Corps pushe… Read More

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel William L. J. Lowrance.

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William D. Pender, and Colonel Alfred M. Scales.

Brigadier General William D. Pender

Colonel Alfred M. Scales

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Major General A. P. Hill.

Major General A. P. Hill

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William D. Pender.

Brigadier General William D. Pender

13 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Fredericksburg
The Battle of Fredericksburg

In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William D. Pender.

Brigadier General William D. Pender

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Henry Heth, Brigadier General James J. Archer, Brigadier General William D. Pender, and Major General Ambrose P. Hill.

Brigadier General Henry Heth

Brigadier General James J. Archer

Brigadier General William D. Pender

Major General Ambrose P. Hill

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Henry Heth.

Brigadier General Henry Heth

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General William D. Pender.

Brigadier General William D. Pender

30 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Chancellorsville
The Battle of Chancellorsville

On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel William Lee J. Lowrance, and Lieutenant Colonel George T. Gordon.

Colonel William Lee J. Lowrance

Lieutenant Colonel George T. Gordon

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales, Colonel William L. J. Lowrance, and Lieutenant Colonel George T. Gordon.

Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales

Colonel William L. J. Lowrance

Lieutenant Colonel George T. Gordon

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General James H. Lane, Major General Isaac R. Trimble, and Major General William D. Pender.

Brigadier General James H. Lane

Major General Isaac R. Trimble

Major General William D. Pender

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel William Lee J. Lowrance.

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel George T. Gordon.

Lieutenant Colonel George T. Gordon

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales.

Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Major General William D. Pender.

Major General William D. Pender

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Isaac R. Trimble.

Major General Isaac R. Trimble

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

06 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Williamsport at Washington County, Maryland.

The Battle of Williamsport
The Battle of Williamsport

During the night of July 4-5th, General Robert E. Lee's battered army began its retreat from Gettysburg, moving southwest toward Hagerstown and the Potomac River crossing at Williamsport, screened by Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart’s cavalry. Lee’s infantry reached the rain-swollen Potomac but could not cross, the pontoon bridge having been destroyed by a cavalry raid. On July 11th, Lee entrenched a line protecting the river crossings at Williamsport and waited for Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s army to advance. On… Read More

27 Nov 1863

Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Mine Run
The Battle of Mine Run

After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River.  On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the O… Read More

05 May 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales.

Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales

05 May 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Cadmus M. Wilcox.

Major General Cadmus M. Wilcox

05 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Wilderness
The Battle of Wilderness

The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

08 May 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel William L. J. Lowrance.

08 May 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales, and Colonel William L. J. Lowrance.

Brigadier General Alfred M. Scales

Colonel William L. J. Lowrance

08 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

23 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of North Anna at Caroline County, Virginia; Hanover County, Virginia.

The Battle of North Anna
The Battle of North Anna

Following the stalemate at Spotsylvania Court House, Grant was determined to continue his offensive against Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. After a failed attempt to bait Lee out of his earthworks, he found the Confederates entrenched on the south side of the North Anna River, where Lee's "inverted V" defenses forced Grant to divide his army into three parts in order to attack. On May 23rd, one of Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill’s divisions assaulted the isolated Fifth Corps on the Union right which had crossed the r… Read More

31 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

The Battle of Cold Harbor
The Battle of Cold Harbor

After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

21 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road at Petersburg, Virginia.

25 Aug 1864

Participated in the Battle of Second Ream's Station at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Ream's Station
The Battle of Second Ream's Station

As the Union siege of Petersburg began to take hold, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant looked for ways to sever the railroads supplying the city and Gen. Robert E. Lee's army. One of these critical routes was the Weldon Railroad, which led south to the Confederacy's only remaining major port at Wilmington, North Carolina. On August 24th, the Army of the Potomac Second Corps moved south along the railroad, tearing up track, and screened by Brig. Gen. David McMurtrie Gregg’s cavalry division. To stop Hancock, Lee… Read More

05 Feb 1865

Participated in the Battle of Hatcher's Run at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

The Battle of Hatcher's Run
The Battle of Hatcher's Run

By February 1865, the stalemate around Petersburg had entered its eighth month. Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant began to stretch the Union battle lines to the west in an attempt to get Gen. Robert E. Lee's under strength army to do the same. On February 5th, Union Brig. Gen. David Gregg’s cavalry division rode out to the Boydton Plank Road via Reams Station and Dinwiddie Court House in an attempt to intercept Confederate supply trains.  Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren with the Fifth Corps crossed Hatcher’… Read More

25 Mar 1865

Participated in the Battle of Fort Stedman at Petersburg, VA.

The Battle of Fort Stedman
The Battle of Fort Stedman

By March of 1865, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's grip on the Confederate lines around Petersburg was having its desired effect. Outnumbered and weakened by disease, desertion and shortage of food and supplies, Gen. Robert E. Lee had few options. After careful study of the Union troops in his sector of the line, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon suggested to Lee the possibility of a successful offensive strike against Grant. In front of Gordon's men, Union-held Fort Stedman seemed the best target for a Confederate a… Read More

02 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Sutherland's Station at Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

09 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

The Battle of Appomattox Court House
The Battle of Appomattox Court House

Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

09 Apr 1865

North Carolina 34th Infantry mustered out.