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Illinois 7th Volunteer Cavalry (Union)

13 Oct 1861

Illinois 7th Volunteer Cavalry organized.

28 Feb 1862

Participated in the Battle of Island Number Ten at New Madrid, Missouri; Lake County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Island Number Ten
The Battle of Island Number Ten

In addition to prosecuting the coastal blockade and pursuing Confederate commerce raiders, the U.S. Navy’s other main role in the Civil War, and arguably its most important one, was seizing and controlling the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In this effort, the main obstacle was not the tiny Confederate navy, but rather the formidable shore fortifications erected by the Confederates along the banks of the Tennessee, Cumberland and Mississippi Rivers. This war, therefore, was less often a matter of s… Read More

29 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel John K. Mizner, and Colonel William P. Kellogg until 1 June.

29 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Gordon Granger.

Brigadier General Gordon Granger

29 Apr 1862

Participated in the Siege of Corinth at Corinth, MS.

The Siege of Corinth
The Siege of Corinth

Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

03 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Edward Prince.

03 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Edward Hatch.

Colonel Edward Hatch

03 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Colonel John K. Mizner.

03 Oct 1862

Participated in the Battle of Corinth at Corinth, Mississippi.

The Battle of Corinth
The Battle of Corinth

Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

31 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Stones River at Murfreesboro, TN.

The Battle of Stones River
The Battle of Stones River

After his October 1862 defeat at Perryville in Kentucky, Gen. Braxton Bragg withdrew his army into middle Tennessee and resupplied his men near Murfreesboro. Read More

17 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Grierson's Raid at TN,LA.

The Battle of Grierson's Raid
The Battle of Grierson's Raid

Grierson's men were sent on raids to divert from Ulysses S Grant's main attack on Vicksburg. Grierson's men operated in much the same way that Confederate cavalry under Nathan Bedford Forrest and John Hunt Morgan had. Read More

21 May 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson.

21 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Port Hudson at East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana; East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana.

The Battle of Port Hudson
The Battle of Port Hudson

In cooperation with Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s final offensive against Vicksburg, Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks’s army moved against the Confederate stronghold at Port Hudson on the Mississippi River. Like Vicksburg, Port Hudson was located atop high bluffs at the river bank that commanded the river. On May 11th, Banks learned that some Confederates had been moved from Port Hudson to support the forces defending Vicksburg, so he sought to move upon the garrison before those troops could be replaced. Banks… Read More

19 Sep 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chickamauga at Catoosa County, Georgia; Walker County, Georgia.

The Battle of Chickamauga
The Battle of Chickamauga

After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army out of Chattanooga.  Through a series of skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg out of Chattanooga and into Georgia.  Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg followed the Federals north, brushing with Rosecrans’ army at Davis’ Cross Roads.  While they marched on September 18th, his cavalry and infantry ski… Read More

22 Feb 1864

Participated in the Battle of Okolona at Chickasaw County, Mississippi.

The Battle of Okolona
The Battle of Okolona

Meridian, Mississippi, near the Alabama border 130 miles east of Vicksburg, was an important Confederate railroad center and military facility. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman set out for the town from Vicksburg in early February, 1864, with 20,000 men. Hoping to augment his force with cavalry, Sherman ordered the 7,000 troopers of Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith to move from south from Memphis February 1st and meet him at Meridian. Smith inexplicably delayed his march for ten days. When he eventually left, he… Read More

30 Nov 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major John M. Graham.

30 Nov 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Datus E. Coon.

30 Nov 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Edward Hatch.

Brigadier General Edward Hatch

30 Nov 1864

Participated in the Battle of Franklin (1864) at Franklin, Tennessee.

The Battle of Franklin (1864)
The Battle of Franklin (1864)

After allowing Maj. Gen. John Schofield’s Army of the Ohio to pass him near Spring Hill, Tennessee, the previous morning, Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood led his 30,000-man Army of Tennessee to the outskirts of Franklin on November 30th. Schofield's army had constructed a strong defensive line south of the town. Hood took a position two miles south of Schofield, with open, rolling farm land between them, and prepared to attack. At 4:00 p.m., over 20,000 Confederates moved forward east and west of the Columbia Pike… Read More

15 Dec 1864

Participated in the Battle of Nashville at Nashville, Tennessee.

The Battle of Nashville
The Battle of Nashville

Despite a series of defeats in the closing days of November, 1864, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood continued to drag his bloodied Army of Tennessee, approximately 30,000 strong, north towards Nashville. The city was protected by 55,000 Union soldiers, which should have precluded further offensive operations, but Hood was determined and his situation was dire. Hood reached Nashville on December 2nd and staked out a position south of the city, hoping to draw the Union forces into a costly attack. Ulys… Read More

04 Nov 1865

Illinois 7th Volunteer Cavalry mustered out.