Illinois 16th Infantry (Union)

    24 May 1861

    Illinois 16th Infantry organized at Illinois.

    11 Feb 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fort Donelson at Fort Donelson, TN.

    The Battle of Fort Donelson
    The Battle of Fort Donelson

    Early in the war, Union commanders realized control of the major rivers would be the key to success in the Western Theater. Read More

    28 Feb 1862

    Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel James D. Morgan.

    28 Feb 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Island Number Ten at New Madrid, Missouri; Lake County, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Island Number Ten
    The Battle of Island Number Ten

    In addition to prosecuting the coastal blockade and pursuing Confederate commerce raiders, the U.S. Navy's other main role in the Civil War, and arguably its most important one, was seizing and controlling the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In this effort, the main obstacle was not the tiny Confederate navy, but rather the formidable shore fortifications erected by the Confederates along the banks of the Tennessee, Cumberland and Mississippi Rivers. This war, therefore, was less often a matter of s… Read More

    29 Apr 1862

    Participated in the Siege of Corinth at Corinth, MS.

    The Siege of Corinth
    The Siege of Corinth

    Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price's Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn's Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

    13 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Resaca at Gordon County, Georgia; Whitfield County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Resaca
    The Battle of Resaca

    Following his withdrawal from Rocky Face Ridge, the first battle in Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's campaign against Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston established a four-mile defensive position protecting the Western & Atlantic Railroad west and north of Resaca, where the railroad crossed the Oostanaula River. On May 13th, Sherman tested the Rebel lines, sending forward divisions to skirmish with the Confederates, with little substantive result. On the 14th, the fighting erupted into a full-… Read More

    27 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Dallas at Paulding County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Dallas
    The Battle of Dallas

    During early and mid-May 1864, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman successfully outmaneuvered the army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in multiple battles in northwest Georgia. Each time, Johnston fell back to a new defensive position closer to the strategic Confederate city of Atlanta. Stopped at New Hope Church on Johnston's left on May 26th, Sherman attacked Johnston's right at Pickett's Mill on May 27th. The next day, Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps probed the Union defensive line, held by Maj. Gen. John A. Log… Read More

    27 Jun 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain at Cobb County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
    The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

    Fearing envelopment northwest of Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston withdrew his army to a new defensive position astride Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta. Johnston selected this position in order to protect the Western & Atlantic Railroad, his supply link to Atlanta. Prior to taking up this new line on June 19th, Johnston had pioneers working through the night digging trenches and erecting fortifications, turning Kennesaw into a formidable earthen fortress. Having defeated Lieut. Gen. John… Read More

    20 Jul 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General James D. Morgan.

    Brigadier General James D. Morgan

    20 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Peachtree Creek at Fulton County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Peachtree Creek
    The Battle of Peachtree Creek

    Weary of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's pattern of retreat through northwest Georgia in the face of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancing armies, President Jefferson Davis removed him from command of the Army of Tennessee, replacing him with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood. On July 20th, Hood determined to take the fight to the enemy by setting upon an isolated portion of Sherman's forces in front of Atlanta. Hood's target would be the Union corps of Maj. Gens. Oliver O. Howard and Joseph Hooker from Maj. Gen. Geo… Read More

    22 Jul 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Atlanta at Fulton County, Georgia; DeKalb County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Atlanta
    The Battle of Atlanta

    Despite the defeat at Peach Tree Creek, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood still had hopes of driving Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Yankees from the outskirts of Atlanta with an offensive blow. On the night of July 21, 1864, Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make 15-mile night march and assault the Union left flank east of the city, held by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee. Joining the attack with Hardee would be the corps of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Cheatham. Hood attac… Read More

    31 Aug 1864

    Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Charles M. Lum.

    31 Aug 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Jonesborough at Clayton County, Georgia.

    The Battle of Jonesborough
    The Battle of Jonesborough

    By late August 1865, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. A few supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids inflicted only superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could destroy the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads to the south the Rebel army would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25, Union infantry beg… Read More

    15 Dec 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Nashville at Nashville, Tennessee.

    The Battle of Nashville
    The Battle of Nashville

    Despite a series of defeats in the closing days of November, 1864, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood continued to drag his bloodied Army of Tennessee, approximately 30,000 strong, north towards Nashville. The city was protected by 55,000 Union soldiers, which should have precluded further offensive operations, but Hood was determined and his situation was dire. Hood reached Nashville on December 2nd and staked out a position south of the city, hoping to draw the Union forces into a costly attack. Ulys… Read More

    19 Mar 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Bentonville at Bentonville, NC.

    The Battle of Bentonville
    The Battle of Bentonville

    After his march to the sea, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman headed north in early 1865 to unite with Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army in Virginia. Only Confederate Gen. Joseph Johnston's army stood between Sherman and Grant. After briefly blocking Sherman's advance at Averasboro, North Carolina on March 16, Johnston struck Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum's wing of Sherman's army near Bentonville on March 19. The Confederates ran into stiff resistance, as Slocum established a defensive position. Johnston's assaults con… Read More

    08 Jul 1865

    Illinois 16th Infantry mustered out at Illinois.