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Illinois 8th Infantry (Union)

25 Jul 1861

Illinois 8th Infantry organized.

07 Nov 1861

Participated in the Battle of Belmont at Belmont, Missouri.

The Battle of Belmont
The Battle of Belmont

The Battle of Belmont was fought on November 7, 1861 in Missouri pitting Ulysses S Grant against Leonidas Polk Read More

06 Feb 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fort Henry at Stewart County, Tennessee; Henry County, Tennessee; Calloway County, Kentucky.

The Battle of Fort Henry
The Battle of Fort Henry

Beginning in the autumn of 1861, a variety of voices in the Union command structure began speculating on the possibility of seizing Forts Henry and Donelson to open a water route into the Confederate heartland. On January 30, 1862, Brig. Gen. Ulysses Grant received the long-anticipated word that he and Flag Officer Andrew Foote would lead a joint expedition against the twin forts. The two divisions of infantry under Grant numbered some 15,000 men and were accompanied by Foote’s flotilla of ironclad and tim… Read More

11 Feb 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Richard J. Oglesby.

11 Feb 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fort Donelson at Fort Donelson, TN.

The Battle of Fort Donelson
The Battle of Fort Donelson

Early in the war, Union commanders realized control of the major rivers would be the key to success in the Western Theater. Read More

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain James M. Ashmore, and Captain William H. Harvey Cpt Robert H. Sturgess.

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Abraham M. Hare, and Colonel Marcellus M. Crocker.

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain James M. Ashmore.

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain William H. Harvey Cpt Robert H. Sturgess.

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Abraham M. Hare.

06 Apr 1862

Participated in the Battle of Shiloh at Hardin County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Shiloh
The Battle of Shiloh

On the morning of April 6, 1862, 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston poured out of the nearby woods and struck the encamped divisions of Union soldiers occupying ground near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Read More

29 Apr 1862

Participated in the Siege of Corinth at Corinth, MS.

The Siege of Corinth
The Siege of Corinth

Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

05 Mar 1863

Participated in the Battle of Thompson's Station at Williamson County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Thompson's Station
The Battle of Thompson's Station

On March 5, 1863, Thompson's Station, Tennessee, was a no-man’s-land. It stood in the center of a battle line that stretched 1,100 miles, from the cavalry-strewn banks of Virginia’s Rappahannock River to the blue-clad battalions snaking their way down the Mississippi and beyond. The coming summer would shape the nation’s destiny as much as any other single season in American history. Here in Tennessee, the advantage was anyone’s for the taking. Read More

01 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Port Gibson at Claiborne County, Mississippi.

The Battle of Port Gibson
The Battle of Port Gibson

On April 30, 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army crossed the Mississippi River at Bruinsburg, 30 miles south of his objective of Vicksburg. Grant hoped to move east toward the capital at Jackson to block the Confederate army there under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston from reinforcing Vicksburg. Port Gibson, ten miles east of Bruinsburg on the Bayou Pierre River, commanded the best approach routes and was the first Federal objective. A Confederate force there was commanded by Maj. Gen. John S. Bowen. Grant's A… Read More

12 May 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Robert H. Sturgess.

Lieutenant Colonel Robert H. Sturgess

12 May 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General John Dunlap Stevenson.

Brigadier General John Dunlap Stevenson

12 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Raymond at Hinds County, Mississippi.

The Battle of Raymond
The Battle of Raymond

On May 12th, 1863, after days of hard marching towards Jackson, Mississippi, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant fought to secure the crossings of Fourteenmile Creek southwest of Raymond, which would provide a vital water source for his men and animals and serve as a staging area for a strike on the Confederate rail supply line between Clinton and Edwards, Mississippi.  Cutting the railroad here would cut off supplies to Grant's ultimate goal, the Mississippi River city of Vicksburg 30 miles to the west. At ar… Read More

16 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Champion Hill at Hinds Co, MS.

The Battle of Champion Hill
The Battle of Champion Hill

The Battle of Champion Hill was the largest and bloodiest action of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign. Read More

18 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Vicksburg at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

The Battle of Vicksburg
The Battle of Vicksburg

In mid-May, 1863, after six months of unsuccessful attempts, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee finally converged on Vicksburg, defended by a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton. Capture of the Mississippi River town was critical to Union control of the strategic river. Vicksburg was located on a high river bluff defended with artillery, and Pemberton's men had constructed a series of fortifications in an 8-mile arc surrounding the city on the landward side. After crossing the… Read More

07 Jun 1863

Participated in the Battle of Milliken's Bend at Madison Parish, Louisiana.

The Battle of Milliken's Bend
The Battle of Milliken's Bend

On June 6, 1863, Col. Hermann Lieb with the African Brigade and two companies of the 10th Illinois Cavalry made a reconnaissance toward Richmond, Louisiana just west of the Mississippi River opposite Vicksburg. Lieb encountered enemy troops at the Tallulah railroad depot and drove them back but then retired, fearing that many more Rebels might be near. Lieb formed his men into a battle line at Milliken’s Bend on the river and prepared to meet the pursuing enemy. The 23rd Iowa Infantry and two gunboats came… Read More

27 Mar 1865

Participated in the Battle of Spanish Fort at Baldwin, Alabama.

04 May 1866

Illinois 8th Infantry mustered out.