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Missouri 1st Light Artillery (Union)

01 Jun 1861

Missouri 1st Light Artillery organized.

10 Aug 1861

Participated in the Battle of Wilson's Creek at Green Co; Chrisitan Co, MO.

The Battle of Wilson's Creek
The Battle of Wilson's Creek

In the summer of 1861, the Union and the Confederacy struggled for control of Missouri. Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon Army of the West was camped at Springfield, Missouri, with Confederate troops under the command of Brig. Gen. Ben McCulloch and Maj. Gen. Sterling Price approaching. Read More

11 Feb 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel William R. Morrison.

11 Feb 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fort Donelson at Fort Donelson, TN.

The Battle of Fort Donelson
The Battle of Fort Donelson

Early in the war, Union commanders realized control of the major rivers would be the key to success in the Western Theater. Read More

28 Feb 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Frederick Sparrestrom.

28 Feb 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Napoleon B. Buford.

28 Feb 1862

Participated in the Battle of Island Number Ten at New Madrid, Missouri; Lake County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Island Number Ten
The Battle of Island Number Ten

In addition to prosecuting the coastal blockade and pursuing Confederate commerce raiders, the U.S. Navy’s other main role in the Civil War, and arguably its most important one, was seizing and controlling the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In this effort, the main obstacle was not the tiny Confederate navy, but rather the formidable shore fortifications erected by the Confederates along the banks of the Tennessee, Cumberland and Mississippi Rivers. This war, therefore, was less often a matter of s… Read More

06 Mar 1862

Participated in the Battle of Pea Ridge at Leetown, AR.

The Battle of Pea Ridge
The Battle of Pea Ridge

By the spring of 1862, Union forces had pushed Confederates south and west through Missouri into northwestern Arkansas. On the night of March 6, 1862, Confederate Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn and his 16,000-man Army of the West set out to counterattack the Union position near Pea Ridge. Hoping to move quickly, in a fateful decision, Van Dorn ordered the supply trains far to the rear. Learning of Van Dorn’s approach, some 10,000 Federals in Brig. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis's Army of the Southwest marched to meet the… Read More

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Henry Richardson.

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General W.H.L. Wallace, and Colonel James M. Tuttle.

Brigadier General W.H.L. Wallace

Colonel James M. Tuttle

06 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General W.H.L. Wallace.

Brigadier General W.H.L. Wallace

06 Apr 1862

Participated in the Battle of Shiloh at Hardin County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Shiloh
The Battle of Shiloh

On the morning of April 6, 1862, 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston poured out of the nearby woods and struck the encamped divisions of Union soldiers occupying ground near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Read More

29 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Albert M. Powell.

29 Apr 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Lieutenant Colonel Warren L. Lothrop.

Lieutenant Colonel Warren L. Lothrop

29 Apr 1862

Participated in the Siege of Corinth at Corinth, MS.

The Siege of Corinth
The Siege of Corinth

Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

03 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Henry Richardson.

03 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Major George H. Stone.

03 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Thomas A. Davies.

Brigadier General Thomas A. Davies

03 Oct 1862

Participated in the Battle of Corinth at Corinth, Mississippi.

The Battle of Corinth
The Battle of Corinth

Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Henry Hescock.

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Division led by undefined 12 guns k-51 w-288 m-14 = 353, Brigadier General Philip Henry Sheridan, undefined Company L 2nd Kentucky Cavalry:, and undefined Escort:.

08 Oct 1862

Participated in the Battle of Perryville at Perryville, Kentucky.

The Battle of Perryville
The Battle of Perryville

On October 7, 1862, Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio, in pursuit of Gen Braxton Bragg’s Army of Mississippi, approached the crossroads town of Perryville, Kentucky. Union forces skirmished with Confederates on the Springfield Pike before heavy fighting began on Peters Hill. The next day, fighting continued as a Union division advanced up the pike. After noon, a Confederate division struck the Union left flank and forced it to fall back. When more Confederates joined the fray, the Union line ma… Read More

31 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Captain Henry Hescock.

31 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Philip Sheridan.

Brigadier General Philip Sheridan

31 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Stones River at Murfreesboro, TN.

The Battle of Stones River
The Battle of Stones River

After his October 1862 defeat at Perryville in Kentucky, Gen. Braxton Bragg withdrew his army into middle Tennessee and resupplied his men near Murfreesboro. Read More

09 Jan 1863

Participated in the Battle of Arkansas Post at Arkansas Post, Arkansas.

The Battle of Arkansas Post
The Battle of Arkansas Post

The Battle of Arkansas Post, also known as the Battle of Fort Hindman, was a combined land-river assault by Union forces on the Confederate Fort Hindman, which loomed over a bend in the Arkansas River near the town of Arkansas Post. As the Union advance down the Mississippi River passed the mouth of the Arkansas, the presence of Fort Hindman outflanked the Federal forward positions. Read More

16 May 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain George W. Schofield.

16 May 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Alvin P. Hovey.

Brigadier General Alvin P. Hovey

16 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Champion Hill at Hinds Co, MS.

The Battle of Champion Hill
The Battle of Champion Hill

The Battle of Champion Hill was the largest and bloodiest action of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign. Read More

18 May 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Nelson Cole.

Captain Nelson Cole

18 May 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William Vandever.

Brigadier General William Vandever

18 May 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Francis J. Herron.

Major General Francis J. Herron

18 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Vicksburg at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

The Battle of Vicksburg
The Battle of Vicksburg

In mid-May, 1863, after six months of unsuccessful attempts, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee finally converged on Vicksburg, defended by a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton. Capture of the Mississippi River town was critical to Union control of the strategic river. Vicksburg was located on a high river bluff defended with artillery, and Pemberton's men had constructed a series of fortifications in an 8-mile arc surrounding the city on the landward side. After crossing the… Read More

04 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant John O'Connell.

Lieutenant John O'Connell

04 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Helena at Helena-West Helena, AR.

The Battle of Helena
The Battle of Helena

Lt. Gen. Theophilus Holmes, Confederate commander in Arkansas, sought to relieve Union pressure on Vicksburg, Mississippi as the army of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant besieged that strategic city. Holmes won approval for a plan to assault the Union-held river town of Helena, Arkansas, 170 miles north of Vicksburg, with a combined force of about 7,600 men. About 4,000 Union soldiers were in Helena under the command of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Prentiss. Four artillery batteries defended the town, surrounded on the la… Read More

19 Sep 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Gustavus Schueler.

19 Sep 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Bernard Laiboldt.

19 Sep 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Philip Sheridan.

Major General Philip Sheridan

19 Sep 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chickamauga at Catoosa County, Georgia; Walker County, Georgia.

The Battle of Chickamauga
The Battle of Chickamauga

After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army out of Chattanooga.  Through a series of skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg out of Chattanooga and into Georgia.  Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg followed the Federals north, brushing with Rosecrans’ army at Davis’ Cross Roads.  While they marched on September 18th, his cavalry and infantry ski… Read More

31 Aug 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by undefined Capt Frederick Welker.

31 Aug 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General John M. Corse.

Brigadier General John M. Corse

31 Aug 1864

Participated in the Battle of Jonesborough at Clayton County, Georgia.

The Battle of Jonesborough
The Battle of Jonesborough

By late August 1865, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. A few supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids inflicted only superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could destroy the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads to the south the Rebel army would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25, Union infantry beg… Read More

15 Dec 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant John Zepp.

Lieutenant John Zepp

15 Dec 1864

Participated in the Battle of Nashville at Nashville, Tennessee.

The Battle of Nashville
The Battle of Nashville

Despite a series of defeats in the closing days of November, 1864, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood continued to drag his bloodied Army of Tennessee, approximately 30,000 strong, north towards Nashville. The city was protected by 55,000 Union soldiers, which should have precluded further offensive operations, but Hood was determined and his situation was dire. Hood reached Nashville on December 2nd and staked out a position south of the city, hoping to draw the Union forces into a costly attack. Ulys… Read More

Missouri, United States of America

Companies

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company A (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company B (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company C (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company D (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company E (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company F (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company F&S (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company G (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company H (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company I (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company K (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company L (Union)

Missouri 1st Light Artillery, Company M (Union)

Field Officers

12 guns k-51 w-288 m-14 = 353

Brigadier General Alvin P. Hovey

Brigadier General John A. McClernand

Brigadier General John M. Corse

Brigadier General Philip Henry Sheridan

Brigadier General Philip Sheridan

Brigadier General Thomas A. Davies

Brigadier General W.H.L. Wallace

Brigadier General William Vandever

Capt Frederick Welker

Colonel Bernard Laiboldt

Colonel Isham N. Haynie

Colonel James M. Tuttle

Colonel Leonard F. Ross

Colonel Napoleon B. Buford

Colonel William R. Morrison

Company L 2nd Kentucky Cavalry:

Captain Albert M. Powell

Captain Frederick Sparrestrom

Captain George W. Schofield

Captain Henry Hescock

Captain Henry Richardson

Captain Nelson Cole

Escort:

Lieutenant Gustavus Schueler

Lieutenant John O'Connell

Lieutenant John Zepp

Lieutenant Colonel Warren L. Lothrop

Major General Francis J. Herron

Major General Philip Sheridan

Major George H. Stone