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Virginia 19th Infantry (Confederate)

01 Jul 1861

21 Jul 1861

Participated in the Battle of First Bull Run at Fairfax County, Virginia; Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of First Bull Run
The Battle of First Bull Run

One of earliest battles of the Civil War, it introduced Americans to the idea that this would likely not be a short conflict and blood would be shed: Read More

05 Apr 1862

Participated in the Siege of Yorktown (1862) at York County, Virginia; Newport News, VA.

The Siege of Yorktown (1862)
The Siege of Yorktown (1862)

Most of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army was not on the peninsula on April 4th when Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan departed Fortress Monroe on his Peninsula Campaign. The only force opposing the Yankee advance up the peninsula toward the Confederate capital at Richmond was Maj. Gen. John B. Magruder’s small force of two divisions at Yorktown behind the Warwick River.  Magruder’s deceptive theatrics, conspicuously parading his men back and forth behind his defenses, convinced the Federals that his wo… Read More

05 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of Williamsburg at York County, Virginia; James City County, Virginia; Williamsburg, VIrginia.

The Battle of Williamsburg
The Battle of Williamsburg

Following the Confederate withdrawal from their Yorktown position, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was not prepared to mount an immediate pursuit with his entire force from the siege lines he had occupied for nearly a month. Initially, he was able to send forward only a portion of his army, led by the Third Corps of Samuel P. Heitzelman, to follow Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederates. Heitzelman's divisions, led by Brig. Gens. Joseph Hooker and Phil Kearny, made contact with Johnston's army four miles sout… Read More

31 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of Seven Pines at Henrico County, Virginia.

The Battle of Seven Pines
The Battle of Seven Pines

Do you have information or corrections for this battle? [Let us know so we can get it right!](https://surveys.hotjar.com/s?siteId=1216908&surveyId=155200) Read More

27 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of Gaines' Mill at Hanover County, Virginia.

The Battle of Gaines' Mill
The Battle of Gaines' Mill

Despite his victory over the Confederates at Beaver Dam Creek on June 26th, Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter’s Fifth Corps abandoned its position early on June 27th and established a new defensive line along Boatswain’s Creek, just north of the Chickahominy River. Read More

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Eppa Hunton.

Colonel Eppa Hunton

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General James L. Kemper.

Brigadier General James L. Kemper

28 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Bull Run
The Battle of Second Bull Run

After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

14 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of South Mountain at Frederick County, Maryland; Washington County, Maryland; Boonsboro, Maryland.

The Battle of South Mountain
The Battle of South Mountain

After his success at Second Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia north across the Potomac River on an invasion of Maryland in September of 1862. Lee divided his army, sending a portion of it into western Maryland while Lieut. Gen. Stonewall Jackson's wing attempted to capture the Federal garrison at Harper's Ferry. The bold plan was jeopardized on September 13th when a mislaid copy of Lee's orders revealing the Confederates' plans was given to Union commander Maj. Gen. George B. M… Read More

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant William N. Wood.

Lieutenant William N. Wood

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett.

Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General David R. Jones.

Brigadier General David R. Jones

17 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel John B. Strange.

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Major General George Pickett.

Major General George Pickett

13 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Fredericksburg
The Battle of Fredericksburg

In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

11 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Henry Gantt.

Colonel Henry Gantt

11 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Major General George E. Pickett.

Major General George E. Pickett

11 Apr 1863

Participated in the Siege of Suffolk at Suffolk, Virginia.

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Henry Gantt, Lieutenant Colonel John T. Ellis, and Major Charles S. Peyton.

Colonel Henry Gantt

Lieutenant Colonel John T. Ellis

Major Charles S. Peyton

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett, and Major Charles S. Peyton.

Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett

Major Charles S. Peyton

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Henry Gantt.

Colonel Henry Gantt

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel John T. Ellis.

Lieutenant Colonel John T. Ellis

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett.

Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Major Charles S. Peyton.

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

11 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Yellow Tavern at Henrico, Virginia.

The Battle of Yellow Tavern
The Battle of Yellow Tavern

It was early morning when the column of gray- and butternut-clad horsemen reined up and came to a halt along the Telegraph Road. Exhausted, they dismounted and put their horses under cover near a ramshackle, three-story structure. Once a wayside inn, it had long since been abandoned, but was still known locally for the color of its failing siding: Yellow Tavern. Read More

31 May 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Eppa Hunton.

Brigadier General Eppa Hunton

31 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

The Battle of Cold Harbor
The Battle of Cold Harbor

After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

20 Sep 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Seth M. Barton.

Major General Seth M. Barton

20 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm at Henrico County, Virginia.

21 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fisher's Hill at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

The Battle of Fisher's Hill
The Battle of Fisher's Hill

Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley, bloodied by its defeat at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19th, retreated 20 miles up the valley and took a defensive position in an east-west line across Fisher’s Hill, southwest of Strasburg.  Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah, in accordance with Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's orders, aggressively pursued Early.  Sheridan, outnumbering Early about three to one, noted that the right of the Confederate line was… Read More

01 Apr 1865

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major Waller M. Boyd.

01 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Five Forks at Five Forks, Virginia.

The Battle of Five Forks
The Battle of Five Forks

The Union victory along the White Oak Road on March 31st threatened to destabilize the entire Confederate line west of Petersburg. General Robert E. Lee ordered Maj. Gen. George Pickett with his infantry division and the cavalry divisions of Col. Thomas Munford, Maj. Gen. W.H.F. Lee, and Maj. Gen Thomas Rosser to hold the vital crossroads of Five Forks, along the White Oak Road five miles west of the previous fighting there. Pickett's defensive line was not well constructed, and much of his cavalry force w… Read More

02 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Third Petersburg at Dinwiddie County, Virginia; Petersburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Third Petersburg
The Battle of Third Petersburg

With the Confederate defeat at Five Forks on April 1st, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George Meade ordered a general assault against the Petersburg lines by the Second, Ninth, Sixth and Twenty-Fourth Corps to take place April 2nd. In the pre-dawn darkness, the Union infantry gained a successful breakthrough where Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright's advancing Sixth Corps met the Confederate lines held by Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill near the Boydton Plank Road. Hill was killed trying to reach his troops in t… Read More

06 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of High Bridge at Prince Edward County, Virginia; Cumberland County, Virginia.

The Battle of High Bridge
The Battle of High Bridge

Harried mercilessly by Federal troops and continually cut off from turning south to reach Gen. Joseph Johnston's army in North Carolina, General Robert E. Lee and his army headed west along the Appomattox River, eventually arriving in Cumberland County on April 6th. Food and supplies that Lee's men desperately needed were waiting at Farmville, across the river. To get there, Lee needed to use the 2,500-foot long, 130-foot tall High Bridge, which carried the South Side Railroad over the Appomattox.  A… Read More

06 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Sailor's Creek at Amelia County, Virginia; Prince Edward County, Virginia; Nottoway County, Virginia.

The Battle of Sailor's Creek
The Battle of Sailor's Creek

Five days after Robert E. Lee's men retreated from the trenches of Petersburg, cavalry under Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan effectively cut off three separate corps of Lee's army near Sailor's Creek, a tributary of the Appomattox River, while the Union Second and Sixth Corps approached from the east. On April 6th, two brigades of Andrew H. Humphrey's Second Corps overwhelmed two brigades of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division as the Confederates struggled to move their supply and artillery trains across the creek… Read More

09 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

The Battle of Appomattox Court House
The Battle of Appomattox Court House

Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

09 Apr 1865

Virginia 19th Infantry mustered out.